买房警惕房产中介虚构的“幽灵出价”,“幽灵出价”英语怎么说?

    看中一套房子,犹豫到底要不要出手时,总会接到中介电话说谁谁谁出了多少钱买这套房子。这些虚构出来的购房意向就被称为“幽灵出价”。
我们来看一段相关的英文报道
    Phantom offer is a nonexistent offer to purchase a house, used to coerce people making real offers into raising their prices. 
    Your below-asking-price offer has been accepted, the property you are buying is off the market, and it's all steam ahead towards completion. Then the next week, the Estate Agent calls to say that someone who viewed the property previously has put in an offer a few thousand pounds above yours. You smell a rat. 
    Unscrupulous agents hint to potential buyers that they have another offer that doesn't actually exist in the hope of extracting more money.


    幽灵出价指的是购房时并不存在的买方出价,目的是迫使人们做出真实出价,抬高房价。
    你最初的出价低于卖方的要价,卖方也接受了。你要买的这套房下架,你就要买成了。在接下来的一周,房产中介会给你打电话,说之前看过房的某位客户出价比你多了数千英镑。你感到可疑。
    肆无忌惮的房产中介会向潜在买家暗示有其他的出价客户,其实他们并没有,目的就是为了多赚钱。

【讲解】
    文中的phantom offer就是“幽灵出价”的意思,其中phantom用作名词,意为“幻影;幽灵”,如:It is the sort of night when phantom may walk.(这种夜晚正是幽灵出没的时候。)offer用作名词,意为“出价”,如:The offer was too high and was somewhat ridiculous.(这个出价太高了,显得有些荒谬。)它还可用作动词,表示“(卖方)出价;提议;求婚”。

    第三段中的unscrupulous用作形容词,意为“肆无忌惮的;不道德的”,如:You always take part with the unscrupulous man.(你总是袒护那些肆无忌惮的人。)



今天的作业是翻译下面一句话

He was utterly unscrupulous in his competition with rival firms.

[ 参考答案:他与对手公司竞争完全不讲道德。 ]


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