男女第一次约会该谁买单?“买单”英语怎么说?

在男生与女生的第一次约会中应该由谁买单?不同的人有不同的观点。

我们来看一段相关的英文报道

Who should pay the bill for the first date? The majority says it's the guy's responsibility.
A survey released this month found that about 77 percent of people in heterosexual relationships believe men should settle the bill on the first date. The survey was conducted by US financial website NerdWallet.
The financial chivalry began when, in the past, women had no access to employment and therefore couldn't support themselves financially. But nowadays, more and more women have become the breadwinners. However, many people still regard that men's paying for dates is a form of respect for women.

第一次约会该由谁买单?多数人认为这是男士的责任。
本月发布的一项调查显示,77%的异性恋受访者认为第一次约会时,应该由男士来买单。这项调查由美国财经网站NerdWallet组织进行。
过去,这种勇于付款的“骑士精神”是因为女性没有工作,不能养活自己。但现如今,越来越多的女性都成为养家糊口的主力军。可是,还有不少人认为,男士在约会时买单是一种对女性的尊重。



【讲解】
文中的pay the bill就是“买单”的意思,其中bill解释为“账单”,如:make out a bill开列账单);用作名词时,它还可以解释为“议案;海报”,如:amend a bill修正一项议案),post a bill贴海报)。文中的settle a bill也是“结账”的意思。
此外,最后一段的breadwinner用作名词,解释为“养家糊口的人”,如:He is the only breadwinner of the five-people family.(他是这个五口之家唯一挣钱的人。)


今天的作业是翻译下面一句话

The study also found 39 percent of the female respondents admitted that they hoped men would reject their offers to help pay.

[ 参考答案:这项研究还发现,39%的女性受访者承认就算自己提出买单要求,仍希望男士抢着付钱。 ]


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Edited by Flora