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抗衰老的几个秘密

所属:生活杂谈 作者:webmaster 阅读:2133 次 评论:2 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

因为在端粒酶研究工作中取得突破性进展,伊莉莎白·H·布莱克本(下面提到),卡萝尔·W·格雷德和杰克·W·绍斯塔克刚刚赢得物理或医学诺贝尔奖金。今年年初出版的《读者文摘》中讨论过这项研究。
Elizabeth H. Blackburn (mentioned below), Carol W. Greider and Jack W. Szostak have just won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their breakthrough work on telomerase, which was discussed in a Reader's Digest article (see below) published earlier this year.
DNA生命转换器
DNA Life Changer
研究员医学博士迪恩·欧宁胥和医学博士伊莉莎白·布莱克本说,健康的习惯实际上能修复你的DNA。他们的研究对象吃全素食品,其中10%的热量来自脂肪;一星期六天,每天走30分钟;采用减轻压力技术;每周去支持小组。结果呢?除了降低了低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(LDL)和应力水平,他们还增加了29%的端粒酶。这种酶修复并加长了端粒——对免疫力和寿命来说至关重要的染色体末端的微小蛋白质复合物。短端粒和低浓度端粒酶是增加心脏病和癌症风险的信号,如果你真的生病了,还会加上预后不良。
Healthy habits can actually repair your DNA, say researchers Dean Ornish, MD, and Elizabeth Blackburn, MD. Their study subjects ate vegetarian whole foods with 10 percent of calories from fat, walked 30 minutes six days a week, used stress-reducing techniques, and went to a weekly support group. The results? Besides a decrease in LDL cholesterol and stress levels, they showed a 29 percent rise in telomerase. This enzyme repairs and lengthens telomeres, tiny protein complexes on the ends of chromosomes that are vital for immunity and longevity. Short telomeres and low levels of telomerase signal an increased risk of heart disease and cancer, plus a poor prognosis if you do get ill.
运动很重要
Exercise Matters
和配偶一起散步能让你们有机会谈谈一天的经历;一起打网球能为你们建立亲密的关系。不过,这并不是你要这么做的原因。原因是:活动起来对你们俩来说还意味着更长寿。来自奥兹博士散步的两个保持青春的重要步骤 当你不能在五分钟内走四分之一英里时,你在三年内死亡的机率大大增加。
A walk with your spouse gives you a chance to talk over the day, and playing tennis together can be a bonding experience. But that's not why you should bother. Here's why: Getting active can mean a longer life for both of you.
第二重要的是建立社团——避免独自散步。因为,如果你的心脏无来由地不停搏动,它会停止跳动。
2 Important Steps to Remain Young From Dr. Oz
控制肉食
Walk. When you can't walk a quarter mile in five minutes, your chance of dying within three years goes up dramatically.
对54.5万美国人进行十年的研究发现,每天吃约四盎司牛肉或猪肉(一般大小汉堡中的量)的人,早期死亡的可能至少比每天吃一盎司或更少的人高30%。尽管以前的研究将含大量红肉的饮食与心脏病和结肠癌联系起来,但这是第一次考察这样的饮食对寿命影响的大型研究。
Second most important is building a community -- avoiding isolation. Because if your heart doesn't have a reason to keep beating, it won't.
长寿的两个关键
Dial Back on Meat and Pork
两项最新研究提出两个出人意外而又暖人心房的长寿关键。你更有可能逐步积累寿命,如果你:
A ten-year study of 545,000 Americans found that people who eat about four ounces of beef or pork a day (the amount in an average-sized burger) are at least 30 percent more likely to die early, compared with those who consume an ounce or less daily. Though previous research has linked a diet heavy in red meat to a greater risk of heart disease and colon cancer, this is the first big study to look at how it affects your life expectancy.
期望最好。在头八年的研究中,参加妇女健康提倡(Women's Health Initiative)研究的十万名妇女中,那些被特别问卷评为乐观的人,死亡的可能比悲观者低14%。
2 Keys to a Longer Life
关心心爱的人。安阿伯市密歇根大学的研究人员发现,尽管有压力,但是在七年时间内,把大部分时间用于关心配偶的男女,他们自己死亡的风险降低了36%。
Two recent studies suggest surprising but heartwarming keys to a longer life. You're more likely to rack up the years if you:
设定目标:拥有目标给你优势
Expect the best. Of 100,000 women in the Women's Health Initiative study, those rated optimistic by special questionnaires were 14 percent less likely than pessimists to die during the study's first eight years
无论你认为你在世上还有要完成的目标,或者只是有旅行计划要实现、有书想读,你都有比少有目标的人更有生存的优势。芝加哥拉什大学医学中心研究人员如此说。他们访问了1200多老人。在随后五年内,有确定计划和目标老人的死亡率只是无目标老人的一半。
Care for a loved one. Despite the stress involved, men and women who put in the most time taking care of a spouse cut their own risk of dying by 36 percent over a seven-year period, researchers at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor found.
摄取足够的维生素D
Get a Goal: Having a Purpose Gives You an Edge
骨质疏松、糖尿病、高血压和癌症与维生素D缺乏有关。更严重的是:据一项新的研究说,“阳光维生素”摄取不足的成年人早死亡的可能高26%。对一万三千名男女进行的十二年研究并没有指明任何一个死亡原因。“因为维生素D对健康的影响非常广泛。”研究员医学博士迈克尔·米拉梅德说。她是布朗克斯阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦医学院医学副教授。除了喝强化牛奶,她指出:你一个星期几天晒十至十五分钟正午阳光(上午11点至下午3点),就能达到理想的结果(在那几分钟里涂上防晒霜)。另外,你可以吃补充品。
Whether you believe you have some purpose to fulfill on earth or just have trips you plan to take and books you want to read, you have a survival edge over people with fewer goals. So say researchers at the Rush University Medical Center in Chicago who interviewed more than 1,200 older adults. Elders with sure intentions and goals were about half as likely as aimless seniors to die over the five-year follow-up.
标签:秘密
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2009-11-24 21:41 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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