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超级淋病

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小编摘要:“超级淋病”的英文表达是superbug。传染病今年在世界上很疯狂。刚刚中国还在抵抗H7N9禽流感,沙特流传新版SARS,夏威夷传来超级淋病病毒的报告。

淋病是由于感染奈瑟氏淋球菌引起的。淋病的临床表现以尿道炎、宫颈炎多见,典型症状是尿频、尿急、尿痛、排尿困难、尿道口排出黏液或脓性分泌物等。本病可侵犯眼睛、咽部、直肠和盆腔等处,也可以通过血行播散性感染引起关节炎、肝周炎、败血症、心内膜炎或脑膜炎等。
目前新闻中所说的超级淋病,实际上是指对头孢曲松耐药。头孢曲松是公认的抗淋球菌药物,在其他常见药物无效的情况下,可能是最后的选择。如果连它都无效了,就是“超级淋球菌”了。不过,尽管这种“超级淋球菌”很厉害,但是至少目前还没有病例死于该细菌感染。

我们来看一段相关的英文报道

Dubbed HO41 has landed just two years after first identification in Japan in 2011,doctors are warning that an antibiotic-resistant strain of gonorrhoea, now considered a superbug, has the potential to be as deadly as the AIDS virus. Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported sexually transmitted infection in North America.‘This might be a lot worse than AIDS in the short run because the bacteria is more aggressive and will affect more people quickly,’ Alan Christianson, a doctor of naturopathic medicine told CNBC.Nearly 30 million people have died from AIDS related causes worldwide, but Christianson believes the effect of the gonorrhea bacteria is more direct.

超级淋病的代号为H041,2011年首次发现于日本美国和挪威等地也相继出现感染者。淋病是北美第二常见通过性交传播的传染病。一位名为Alan Christianson理疗医生告诉CNBC:“该病毒的传染性可能比艾滋病还要厉害,这种淋病一旦传染起来,会很快感染许多人,后果可能比艾滋病还要糟糕。全球已有3000万人死于爱滋病,但Christianson说这种淋病细菌影响将更直接。

【讲解】

以下这一系列的词跟传染病相关: 

gonorrhea
infection
bacteria
virus
antibiotic 
naturopathic 
sterility 
transmit 

用“超级淋病”对应英语的superbug,稍微有些不对称, superbug有一定的戏谑味。而近来国内网上译称“超级淋病病毒”是欠妥的,因为医学上讲的病毒对应的单词是virus,而淋病是一种细菌(bacteria),将淋病比作爱滋病,只是在强调它们间的传染及破坏力的共性,而病理是不同的。


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2013-05-12 00:00 编辑:典典
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  • Laura'sD 说:

    Naturopathy is now more and more popular in western world. But the original naturopahty in China is the greatest and oldest one on earth——TCM! We should cherish this unparalleled inheritance from our ancestors, and if it's used properly and correctly, it can help us overcome nowadays complicated medical problem. (which are mostly raised because of overdose of antibiotic in modern medicine)

    2013-05-12 20:34 回复 支持(0) 反对(0) 沙发
  • mbshd 说:

    gonorrhea gonorrhea
    infection infection
    bacteria bacteria
    virus virus
    antibiotic antibiotic
    naturopathic naturopathic
    sterility sterility
    transmit transmit

    2013-05-13 00:24 回复 支持(0) 反对(0) 板凳