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十个环保好习惯

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以步代车
MA Bus with Legs
还记得小时候走路上学的美好时光么?那段路程并不像一些人回忆中的那般痛苦——穿过5公里的雪地,来回都是上坡路。但这些消耗的都是卡路里,而不是燃料。现在的孩子们都需要更多锻炼的机会,但很多父母都认为,让孩子独自出去很不安全。对此倒是有个简单的解决方法:和你的邻居一起,组织一个由一两个成年人监护的“步行校车”或者“单车排”,让孩子们一起行动。这可是个锻炼肌肉和社交的好机会。关于要怎样实施,可以参照www.walkingschoolbus.org.
Remember the good ol’ days when kids walked to school? Those treks weren’t as rough as some people recall them—five miles through the snow, uphill both ways!—but they did burn calories instead of fossil fuels. Today kids need more opportunities for exercise, but many parents feel it’s not safe for them to walk alone. One simple solution is to organize a “walking school bus” or “bicycle train” for your neighborhood, with one or more adults supervising a group of children traveling together. It’s a good way to build muscles and communities. For details on how to get started, see www.walkingschoolbus.org.
盖好油箱
Click Click Click
在美国,每年因汽车燃料箱的松动,损坏,或者盖子丢失造成大约14.7亿加仑的汽油蒸发到大气层。所以,要不时对油箱进行检查,以保证汽油好好地呆在你的车里。对于老汽车,你可以通过检查油箱盖子是否拧紧来避免汽油蒸发。对于新汽车来说,拧紧盖子,直至听到响三下。这样不仅能够保证你的汽油不外漏,同样可以避免在你的汽车检测出漏油时出现的骇人的“检查引擎”指示灯。
An estimated 147 million gallons of gasoline evaporates into the atmosphere in the U.S. every year because of loose, damaged or missing caps on vehicle fuel tanks. Keep gas in your tank by checking the cap occasionally for cracks. In older vehicles, you can prevent evaporation by making sure the cap is tightly secured. For most newer vehicles, turn the cap until you hear it click three times. That will not only keep gas where it belongs but will also help avoid the dreaded “check engine” warning light that appears when your vehicle’s emission sensors detect a leak.
取消分类广告
Cancel the Catalogues
美国平均每户人家每年都要收到88份印刷分类广告。这些广告直接导致数百万树木被砍伐致纸。尽管分类广告可以循环利用,但更好的方式是一开始就取消那些用不着的分类广告订阅。你可以在www.catalogchoice.org注册签名写下你的意见,在网络上支持位于加利福尼亚的生态中心。
The average American household receives 88 printed catalogues a year. All that paper adds up to millions of dead trees. Recycling ensures that catalogues don’t end up in landfills, but an even better solution is to eliminate unwanted catalogues before they are printed. To do so, sign up for a free account and set your preferences at www.catalogchoice.org, an online service sponsored by the California-based Ecology Center.
压缩你的烹饪清单
Shrink Your “Cookprint”
很多食物都不需要长时间烹煮。比如说,煮鸡蛋就可以这样做。先将鸡蛋放在一个锅里,加水,盖上盖子。当锅里的水完全沸腾时,将火关掉。20分钟后鸡蛋就熟了。这被称作被动烹饪,这个断点技术不仅能够节约能源,同样可以避免像蔬菜和玉米之类的烹煮过度。更多的小贴士可以参照凯特.海侯伊的新书《绿色烹饪:减少厨房里的碳》,或者访问www.globalgourmet.com.
Many foods don’t need sustained boiling to cook. For example, hard “boiled” eggs can be made by placing the eggs in a covered pot of water, bringing it to a full boil, then turning off the burner. In 20 minutes the eggs will be done. Known as passive cooking, this on-and-off technique not only saves energy but can also help avoid overcooking vegetables such as corn on the cob. For more tips see the new book Cooking Green: Reducing Your Carbon Footprint in the Kitchen by Kate Heyhoe (Da Capo Press, 2009), or visit www.globalgourmet.com.
绿色子弹在Bambi看来,应该没有环保的绿色子弹这种东西。但是对于打猎者来说,无铅子弹应该是“最环保”的选择了。这些子弹的售价是含铅子弹的两倍,但是由于在效果上没有影响,所以要好的多。这可以使有毒金属远离森林,田野和水域,以及那些吃猎物的人们的消化系统。去年,为了保护一种濒临灭绝的鹰远离铅中毒,加利福尼亚州开始在这些鸟的栖息地禁用含铅子弹。像温彻斯特和雷明顿这样的大军火商,现在也开始供应铜质子弹作为替代品了。
Green Bullets
冲厕所的过程
From Bambi’s perspective, there may be no such thing as an environmentally friendly bullet. But for hunters who are determined to take a shot, lead-free bullets are the “greenest” choice. They can cost twice as much as bullets containing lead but perform better because they don’t break apart on impact. That helps keep toxic metal out of forests, fields and waterways—and the digestive systems of humans who eat game animals. Last year, in an effort to protect endangered condors from lead poisoning, California banned lead bullets in areas of the state where the birds live. Most of the major ammunition manufacturers, such as Winchester and Remington, now offer copper bullets as an alternative.
节水厕所可以节省很多水。它们每次的最大冲水量在1.6加仑,而旧式的厕所每次冲水都要消耗5加仑以上。另一个选择就是双冲式厕所。这种厕所有两个按钮:按第一个按钮,厕所就会用少于一加仑的水冲走液体排泄物,按第二个按钮,厕所就会释放1.6加仑的水冲掉固体排泄物。这种双冲式厕所在欧洲和澳洲广泛使用,最近在美国也开始流行。
Process of Elimination
自己做玩具
Low-flow toilets can save a lot of water. They use a maximum of 1.6 gallons per flush, compared with five gallons or more for an older toilet. Another option is a dual-flush toilet operated by two buttons: Push the No. 1 button, and the toilet dispenses less than a gallon of water to whisk away liquid waste. Push No. 2 and the toilet releases the full 1.6 gallons to flush solid waste. Widely used in Europe and Australia, dual-flush toilets are catching on in the U.S.
在你能够花不到一美元做你自己的玩具时,为什么要去买那些橡皮泥,宠物或者粉笔呢?还能顺便回收一些卫生纸管,尼龙袜和塑料瓶。俄亥俄州的一堆父母,约翰和安妮塔,利用一些普通的材料,比如玉米淀粉,石盐,咖啡豆等,创作了上百件既环保又安全的玩具。详情可查阅终极儿童综合图书或者访问http://kidconcoctions.com.
Make Your Own Toys
巧妙测量
Why buy Silly Putty, Chia Pets or sidewalk chalk when you can make your own toys for less than $1—and recycle a few toilet paper tubes, nylons and plastic bottles in the process? A mom and dad in Ohio, John and Danita Thomas, have created recipes for hundreds of environmentally friendly and safe toys that can be made from common household ingredients such as cornstarch, rock salt and coffee grinds. Check out The Ultimate Book of Kid Concoctions (The Kid Concoctions Company, 1998) or go to http://kidconcoctions.com.
google旗下的PowerMeter软件可以和电子测量仪结合帮助住户直接了解其能源消费。比如说,PowerMeter可以显示出你家里哪件电器耗电量最高。google预测,这种装置提供的信息可以使人们减少百分之5到15的能源消耗。目前只有20万美国家庭使用这种装置。但是奥巴马政府要求在未来三年中,达到4亿的安装量。
Smart Metering
等离子与液晶
PowerMeter software from Google Foundation can be paired with “smart” electric meters to give homeowners direct access to information about their energy use. For example, PowerMeter can reveal which appliances in your home are consuming the most electricity. Google predicts that having this kind of information will prompt people to reduce energy use by 5 to 15 percent. Only 200,000 U.S. homes have smart meters now, but the Obama Administration has called for another 40 million to be installed over the next three years.
电视根据画质不同,能源消耗也不同。黑屏的时候等离子和液晶显示屏耗能没有太大区别,但是对于很多电视节目来说,液晶显示屏会明显省电很多。对于两种技术来说,尺寸也会有影响,屏幕越大,耗能就越高。最大号耗能更是巨大。因此加利福尼亚州立法委员们打算在2011年取缔低效模式。他们说这样可以减少的电力消耗总量相当于86400家住户的耗电总量。对于50英寸以上的屏幕,投影电视比液晶或者等离子的能源消耗要低得多,但是画面的清晰度也会降低。
Plasma versus LCD
10
2009-11-07 21:48 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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