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《今日头版》收集世界报纸头版新闻

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小编摘要:我们最近讲过一个名叫PastPages.org的网站,该网站每小时都保存下全世界70家新闻网站的首页,这篇报道让我们寻找那些保存全世界报刊图片的网站。

《今日头版》收集世界报纸头版新闻

We recently told you about a website called PastPages.org. It saves the homepages of seventy news websites from around the world every hour. That report led us to look for a website that saves images of newspapers from around the world.

We found Todays' Front Pages, a site operated by The Newseum in Washington, DC. The Newseum is a museum that explores news reporting and the media. We visited The Newseum and spoke with its Senior Vice President, Paul Sparrow.

PAUL SPARROW: "I think one of the most interesting things about newspapers is that they are a snapshot in time. They capture a moment when the people in that organization, in that newspaper, say ‘these are the most important stories that are affecting our community.' And what that does is that it gives you a lens in which you can look at history from a very specific point of view ."

Paul Sparrow says visitors to the website can choose to see all of its newspapers. Or they can look only at newspapers from one area of the world, such as Asia, Africa or South America.

PAUL SPARROW: "One of the things that we do is we allow for people to search by region, so we have a map interface so you can, you know, roll over different areas of the map and you'll see the newspapers from that area. People are very interested in that. We get comments all the time, that ‘Oh its great – put your cursor over anyplace in the world and see the papers from that area.' You can also, we also list them sort of alphabetically by state and then by country. And then we have a gallery layout where you can just look at all the thumbnails and pick the ones that you like based on their visual presentation."

Todays' Front Pages does not archive, or save, front page images. But it does archive newspapers from historically-important dates such as November fifth, two thousand eight. That was one day after Barack Obama was elected president. Again, The Newseum's Paul Sparrow.

PAUL SPARROW: "When you look back at the historical newspapers in our collection, you see these amazing moments where the culture is revealed. If you look at like, in World War Two, the day after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the headline is ‘Japs Attack.' I mean, that's a headline you would just never see in a paper today.

The website shows only the front pages of general-interest newspapers that publish daily. Student newspapers are not displayed. Some papers are not included because they do not have the technological ability to send their front pages electronically to the Newseum. And others simply choose not to do so.

The site displays the front pages of eight hundred thirty-six newspapers from ninety-three countries. It warns that "the front pages are in their original, unedited form, and some may contain material that is deemed objectionable to some visitors."

We have placed a link to Todays' Front Pages on our website, 51voa.com.

If you are in Washington, you can see many front pages from around the world on display inside and just outside The Newseum. Only about ten percent of the front pages the Newseum receives every day are displayed, but all eight hundred thirty-six are available online.

我们最近讲过一个名叫PastPages.org的网站,该网站每小时都保存下全世界70家新闻网站的首页,这篇报道让我们寻找那些保存全世界报刊图片的网站。

我们发现了《今日头版》,这是一家由华盛顿新闻博物馆运营的网站。新闻博物馆是一家探索新闻报道和媒体的博物馆,我们访问了这家博物馆,与高级副总裁保罗·斯派洛作了交流。

保罗·斯派洛:“我认为报纸最有趣之处就是,它们是某个时刻的快照。报纸捕捉了一个瞬间,某机构或报纸的人就会说‘这是影响我们社区的最重要的事。’这样就给了我们一个镜头,可以从很特别的角度来看待历史。”

保罗·斯派洛说,网站的访问者可以选择看各种报纸,或者专门可以看世界某个地区的报纸,比如亚洲、非洲或南美洲。

保罗·斯派洛:“我们所做的事情之一,就是允许人们按照地区来搜索,所以我们有个地图界面,可以翻滚着看地图上不同的地方,这样就可看到某个地区的新闻,人们对此很感兴趣。我们收到这样的评论,‘太棒了,把光标放在世界任何地方,都可以看到当地的报纸。’你还可以按照州或国家的字母顺序排列,这样就了画廊式的布局,可以看到缩略图,并挑选喜欢的可视图像。”

《今日头版》并不存档或保存主页,但会存档重要历史日期的报纸,比如2008年11月5日,这是奥巴马当选总统后的一天,新闻博物馆的保罗·斯派洛说:

保罗·斯派洛:“当你回顾我们收集的历史性报纸,你会看到文化展示的惊人时刻。比如看到二战珍珠港袭击后的那天,头条是‘日本来袭’。我是说,今天的报纸再也看不到这样的标题。”

该网站只展示每日出版报纸的头条,没有展示学生报纸,一些报纸也没有收集过来,是因为他们不具备发送电子头版的技术能力。还有些报纸不想被收集。

该网站展示93个国家836家报纸的头版,网站提醒说,“这些头版是原始的,未经编辑,有的可能包含被访客视为方案内容的材料。”

我们在voaspecialenglish.com上放置了《今日头版》网站的链接。

如果你身在华盛顿,你可以在新闻博物馆内外看到全世界多家报纸的头版。新闻博物馆每天收到的头版中,只有大约10%的会展示出来,但836家报纸的头版都会在网站展示。

标签:voa special
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2012-07-11 19:32 编辑:pliny
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