在线词典,在线翻译

2012年6月26日更新GMAT作文机经(五)

所属:其他考试 作者:cwf1986 阅读:1425 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:海词为您收集GMAT机经,充足的准备是考G成功的最重要的一步。

  33.(1次)

  原始寂静:

  V1(BY: kevinzhang717 ) 俩高中,一个(叫什么SCH,缩写)offer200种课程, 另外一个是普通的local 高中,offer80种课程, 然后呢这个local的高中每年能培养很多人去读大学(比SCH多),然后呢这个SCH就说他们计划减少一半的课程,说是这样做能提高学校的performance,而且少交TAX,多赚钱。

  原题:

  The following appeared in an editorial from a newspaper serving the town of Saluda.

  “The Saluda Consolidated High School offers over 200 different courses from which its students can choose. A much smaller private school down the street offers a basic curriculum of only 80 different courses, but it consistently sends a higher proportion of its graduating seniors on to college than Consolidated do. By eliminating at least half of the courses offered there and focusing on a basic curriculum, we could improve student performance at Consolidated and also save many tax dollars.”(此题没有中文翻译和Flaw,自己补上的,大家可以讨论一下哈)

  SC这个高中有超过200中不同的课程,而另一个更小的私立学校之提供80个不同课程,但是那个学校的大学入学率更高。所以SC觉得应该减少至少一半的课程来提高入学率并减少赋税(前文都没有提过tax,这里突然提了一下,可能学校的course越多,tax越多吧。米国真是奇怪~)

  参考思路:

  无因果联系:course的数量和入学率没有因果关系

  Gratuitous assumption:错误假设是因为小学校course少入学率才高,而直接与入学率有关的只有考试分数而已

  他因攻击:小学校学生更努力,师资力量更好等原因同样可以使入学率更高

  Insufficient example:只是一个小学校的例子并不能说明只要course少入学率就高

  参考范文:

  In this editorial the author recommends that Saluda’s Consolidated High School eliminate half of its 200 courses and focus primarily on basic curriculum in order to improve student performance and save tax revenues. The author’s recommendation is problematic for several reasons.

  To begin with, the author assumes that the only relevant difference between Consolidated and the private school is the number of courses offered by each. However, other relevant differences between the schools might account for the difference in the proportion of their graduates who go on to college. For example, the private school’s students might be selected from a pool of gifted or exceptional students, or might have to meet rigorous admission standards whereas Consolidated’s students might be drawn from the community at large with little or no qualification for admission.

  Next, the author assumes that the proportion of students who go on to college is an overall measure of student performance. While this is a tempting assumption, its truth is by no means obvious. If student excellence is narrowly defined in terms of the student’s ability to gain access to college, this assumption is somewhat reasonable. However, given a broader conception of student excellence that takes into account student’s ability to learn and apply their knowledge to new situations, it is not obvious that college admission is reliable indicator of performance. For example, students in non-academic disciplines could conceivably perform at high levels within these disciplines but nevertheless be unable to meet college admission standards.

  Finally, the author assumes that savings in tax revenues will result from the reduced costs of funding the paired-down curriculum. This is not necessarily true. For example, it could turn out that both programs serve the same number of students and require the same number of classrooms and teacher.

  In conclusion, the author has not made a convincing case for the recommendation to eliminate courses at Consolidated and focus on a basic curriculum. To strengthen the conclusion the author would have to provide evidence that Consolidated and the private school were sufficiently similar to warrant the analogy between them. Moreover, the relationship between student performance and college admission and the mechanism whereby savings in tax revenues would be accomplished would have to be clarified.

正在加载单词列表...
0
2012-07-11 10:23 编辑:cwf1986
分享到:
关注海词微博:
发表评论:
表达一些您的想法吧!已有0条评论>>
登录,再发表评论
文明上网,理性发言!
您可能还感兴趣的文章: