1、先说在意大利吧，羊毛纺织从城市逐渐转向rural了，因为城市被控制的很紧。在农村可以找farmer啊等临时工什么的。。。然后又说在西班牙和英国怎么的，后半截重点说了英国。说london这个地方有几个优点有利于羊毛业(有问这几个优点的，期中之一好像是water transpotation)，再者英国的water power很厉害，使得mill可以怎么怎么样(有题，答说英国用一个new 技术去怎么羊毛了)，还问说这种技术使得衣服怎么了，答案说变重了. 我能想起来的就这些，不知道对不对
然后有一题是问用了那个工具后，那个衣服怎么样了选项我记得有1.heavier 2.更容易洗干净 3.还有一个反正是更容易干嘛= =(我也忘了我是选heavy还是easily)
3、 说一个古代文明体，half people， 说他们half agrigulture(dry,不灌溉),还养牲畜(发现有个小神像是牛还是什么)他们制造瓷器，和其他culture的人们trade。 然后说这种瓷器neat\repetive\tiny\精致。 最后说这个文明体是tribal,然后还讲了tribal的特性
1、男女老师讨论候选人和选取标准(有题)，女的说要找一个懂得莎士比亚文雪+film的教师。男的说对一个女候选人感兴趣，因为她讲课很passion，女的说it was entertainment(有题)。女的问有没有其他候选人，男的说太喜欢那个女教师了，所以没注意到其他人(有题)。女的提了另一个后选人，男的说他讲课充满了jargon，学生听不懂云云。女的说可是他符合上面说的标准啊。男的说，哦，我懂你的品位了
2、 生物。AGEING PROCESS。探讨老化到底是不因为free radical(自由基)，然后就是高中生物知识了，说那些free的molecule乱撞，把基因还是什么的给撞坏了，所以人就老了
aging,记得比较真切。 讲aging的两个原因，1. 有人说是biology clock 2.有人说是oxygen 由于不稳定产生的free radical破坏细胞(cell)特别是基因(gene)。然后说有人发现一种行氧化的物质XXX,做实验发现蔬菜有了这种物质decay的慢了。后来又有实验说给XXXanimal限制食物，他会老的更慢，因为metabolism慢了，氧气的free radical少了。后来说这种解释是不对的，因为。。。(记不得了)
3、 history of technology.自行车。 先说了上节课说的骑车，然后说人力的hourseless的车子，就是自行车。其他就是以前机经上的。有题问教授觉得那个发明者怎么样。
6、说的是wave，其中有将低频wave和声波的区别，声波传播需要介质而电磁波不要(这里有题physics class 一开始讲声波sound wave和微波micro wave的差别。讲声波需要介质，像水啊，空气啊。微波属于电磁波，可以在太空无空气里传播。然后说一种东西能检测次声波。后来说什么lighting产生低声波，能够传的很远，一天到晚都能检测到，因为世界每个角落都在产生声波(有题)。 后来说黄昏和清晨接受的最多，因为传播介质叫XXX。)
The activity I would like to participate in isplaying foosball with my friends after school.
My friends and I are big fans of this kind ofsports. As high school students, we have been studied for almost ten years.Sometimes we get tired of staying inside tackling math problems. It is naturalfor us to exercise our body and fresh our mind through participating in somesports, through which we can chat and joke around with each other.
Foosball is a perfect activity for us since wecan release our stress with our running the risk of injuring our body,especially compared to some relatively violent activities such as football orbasketball
Q2 record，Some people like to record their experiences by diary or photo(这里还有一个例子 忘了)，others not .What isyour opinion and why? Use specific reasons and examples to support yourresponse
原来的机经按我的理解是在diary和photo之间选择一个prefer的,实际考试重点似乎在record上，就是说whether or not like to record experiences.
Personally speaking, I would like to record myexperiences by things that could last for a long time. My reasons are asfollows.
First, things happened in the past can remind ussome meaningful and significant moments in our lives. I started the habit ofwriting diary when I was in junior high. For all these yeas, I recorded someimportant times such as my graduations, the first time I was praised by myEnglish teacher, an exciting basketball match. I would like to review thesefeelings once a time.
Also, keeping photos enables us to share thehappy times with people we really care about, like our families and friends. Itis a good opportunity to bound with each other.
Q3 withdraw class 延长的是withdrawal period
大一新生over ambitious才会选那么多课 第二点教授讲basic instruction 是do the routine things
In the dialogue, the man opposed to the policymade in the reading passage, which states that the school will withdraw severalof its classes. First of all, the man argued that it was not the problem of theclass, but the problem of the over ambitious and over confidence of theupcoming freshmen, that will result in over choosing of the classes. Secondly,the professors who teach these classes usually use the basic instructions,which the students may feel like they want to withdraw from these classes,probably think they are too easy.
Q4 Baitpricing 教授说他的一个朋友(女的)买笔记本电脑 看见了一个商店的的价格很低 很amazing 然后就进去了 推销员在她买了电脑以后 就说电脑很basic 要买点其他的东西辅助一下technology 然后就说了一堆东西(说这些东西价格要比其他的地方高) 最后那个女的买了一堆东西 商店也赚了一堆profit
The reading passage introduced a concept calledbait pricing, and during the lecture, the professor used one example toillustrate this concept. The example talks about a woman buying a computer; shewas attracted by the amazing low price and got into the store. After she boughtthe computer, the salesman said that computer is actually really basic, and sheneeded to buy some other accessories and software in order to supply with itstechnology. Then the salesman stated several items with the price, which aremuch higher than elsewhere. Thus the woman bought all these software andaccessories along with the cheap computer. Nevertheless, the store still made alot of money on the software and accessories it sold to the woman.
Q5 20out of 50 photos 两个人都是摄影展的举办者，女的提议选20个，男的担心有人upset;然后男的提议换大的展厅，女的表示那个地方平时很少有人去，展览的时候可能人会不多，两个人都是主角
In the dialogue, the women encountered a problem.The problem is that they will be showing some photos in a gallery, there are 50of them and they all looked really nice, however, they are only able to show 20out of 50 of them in the gallery because it is a little bit too small. Thereare two possible solutions, the first solution is to choose the 20 out of 50photos, and the second solutions is to switch to a bigger gallery. Personallyspeaking, I prefer the second solutions for the following reasons. Since thegallery is big enough to hold 50 photos, why choose only 20 and disappointother 30 people? Even though the bigger gallery is a little bit far away fromtheir center of attention, it could still attract audiences because thesephotos are really nice.
Q6 讲的是不同的species之间可以communicate andhelp each other.好像是inter-species communication. honey guide and honey badger可以通过这种途径互相帮助,他们都需要bee nest,但是吃的东西不一样，貌似guide吃的不是那个bee.honey guide因为飞的远视野开阔，发现mest的时候，sing song to letthe badger know，because guide 不能接近蜂巢，因为bee protection. then the bager make specific sound to respond it ,andfind the nest。在此注意不是因为它们强壮，而是它们能发出一种smell，我没太听清，我答得是fetid smell, whichbees can not withstand, so the bee fly away, then both the honey guide andhoney bager can get what they want.
Interspecies communication: bird & bagger differentspecies can talk, communicate, cooperate with each other. Take a birdcooperating with a mammal to get the honey. The bird named honey guide is goodat finding the bee's nest但有蜜蜂保护这种鸟没法接近。 那种mammal 叫honeybadger可以发出一种 smell 赶走bee 所以他们俩合作 鸟找到蜂巢 就make noise 引导M过来 赶走bee 这样
In the lecture, the professor talks aboutinter-species communication. The concept of this is birds and bagger is twodifferent species that can talk, communicate, and cooperate with each other.Take a bird cooperating with a mammal to get the honey. The bird named honeyguide is good at finding the bee's nest.
reading passage:讲的是the function of the toucan birds bill
第一段讲 bill可以当武器,可以jam predator
第二段讲 他的color and shape can confusing the potential predators, 帮助这种鸟在热带地区生存
1.那嘴look like weapon but in fact 他太脆弱了，不能起到保护作用，而且那个嘴太重，让它飞翔变得笨重，根本不能逃脱天敌。
2.自己本身爱乱叫，本来就不想confusing the potential predators
The passage mainly discusses the functions of thetoucan bird’s bill. However, the lecturer casts doubts on the writer’s view byusing several points.
First of all, it is said in the passage that thebill could serve as weapon to jam predators. However, the listening argues thatdespite the weapon-like appearance, the bill is too fragile to protect thebird. Moreover, the heavy weight of the bill makes the fly of the bird becomeawkward, which results in falling prey to the predators. This is where thespeaker disagrees with the writer.
Second, the writer points out that the color andshape of the bill can confuse the potential predators. However, the speakerstates that this kind of birds tends to warble all the time and it doesn’t wantto confuse the potential predators at all. This directly contradicts what thepassage indicates.
Finally, the passage raises the issue that thebill is so huge that it can help dissipate the body heat. On the other hand,the feather could serve to keep the body temperature. The speaker says that forother species of birds without huge bills, they could control their bodytemperatures as well. Moreover, during the nighttime when the temperaturedrops, what toucan birds could do to keep warm? This is entirely opposed to thewriter’s expectation. (221)
The best way to learn about a foreign country is to read the newspapersand magazines from that country.
Nowadays, along with the increasingly importantinteraction between nations, people are concerning more about not only theirown country, but also foreign countries. Some people assert that readingnewspapers and magazines is the best way to learn about a foreign country.However, I can hardly agree with the claim for the reasons as following.
There is no denying that newspaper and magazinecontribute a lot to describe different landscape as well as inform us the newsand the conditions about foreign countries. Newspapers and magazines can beeasily gotten at the newsstands or convenient shops, which offer the generalpublic opportunities to learn about the global world. Also, the information onthe newspapers and magazines is selected by editors, including all thesignificant events in the country. By reading such news, people can save muchtime and meanwhile keep knowledgeable.
Nevertheless, some other ways may be more idealthan reading newspaper and magazine, such as watching TV programs and surfingthe Internet. Newspapers and magazines are both traditional media which provideabundant information about foreign countries for many years, especially twentyyears ago, when other media were not improved to become so popular.Nonetheless, the development of information and telecommunication technologymakes people able to access information easily and conveniently from TV andInternet. Without thorough examination and strict preapproval, the informationon TV and Internet is more updated and extensive. People can get the latestupdates via TV in the next minute after an incident happens. People can alsohear various voices positive and negative, about a foreign country. Thesebenefits cannot be obtained by newspapers and magazines.
Furthermore, another ideal way to learn about aforeign country is bound to be travelling. Sometimes records and views frommedia cannot reflect the real conditions of foreign countries. Instead,travelling can bring us a vivid foreign country. Before living in a foreigncountry for a while and communicating with the local inhabitants, we can hardlyknow exactly the climate, economy and culture there. For instance, we cantravel to a country to try its special foods and snacks, which have a longhistory. Also, we can visit some famous and representative historical sites toexperience the history by ourselves. Only by this way can we learn the accurateand typical characteristics about the country. Besides, it is much moreinteresting than reading newspaper and magazine. There is no doubt that beingthere is an effective and fun way to learn about a foreign country.
From what has been discussed above, we may safelydraw the conclusion that although reading newspapers and magazines is a goodway to learn about a foreign country, there are many other effective ways toknow about a foreign country. Therefore, I cannot agree with the statement thatthe best way to learn about a foreign country is to read the newspapers andmagazines from that country. (481 words)