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托福考试:2012年6月30日托福考试回忆(网友版)

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小编摘要:6月30日的托福考试刚刚结束,此次考试重复的是20101127ML。在此第一时间为您带来网友分享的6月30日托福考试回忆。

 

6月30日的托福考试刚刚结束,此次考试重复的是20101127ML。在此第一时间为您带来网友分享的6月30日托福考试回忆。

阅读部分:

1、先说在意大利吧,羊毛纺织从城市逐渐转向rural了,因为城市被控制的很紧。在农村可以找farmer啊等临时工什么的。。。然后又说在西班牙和英国怎么的,后半截重点说了英国。说london这个地方有几个优点有利于羊毛业(有问这几个优点的,期中之一好像是water transpotation),再者英国的water power很厉害,使得mill可以怎么怎么样(有题,答说英国用一个new 技术去怎么羊毛了),还问说这种技术使得衣服怎么了,答案说变重了. 我能想起来的就这些,不知道对不对

第一篇阅读很混乱,说urban还有rural的手工艺(羊毛纺织)。。说什么因为rural的人工费比较便宜所以后来就都转移到rural里去发展,且在rural地区产品的质量不受限制。

当中不太记得。。说意大利出口很多东西到英国还有一个啥国家来着。。这里问了一个关于意大利的题,当中貌似还讲了一个什么工具,使得做比手工做衣服要easier。。。

然后有一题是问用了那个工具后,那个衣服怎么样了选项我记得有1.heavier 2.更容易洗干净 3.还有一个反正是更容易干嘛= =(我也忘了我是选heavy还是easily)

结尾说为了要保留以前老的那种工艺blala。。所以就须年轻人从学徒做起。但是从学徒转到大师是很艰难的。有一题就是问govern或者是统治的那种阶级是通过什么方式来限制年轻人发展(文章里有一句为了神马使每个人都得到工作啊,保留传统手工艺啊) 然后选项记得两个:一个就是从学徒变大师比较难,另外一个就是什么不让年轻人开店

2、conceptive,说一个老理论认为人们定义东西是因为它的feature,比如bachelor就会想到成年人、男性等,但是有个人就怀疑是不所有的都可以通过设定几个feature来定义。他觉得不能,他发明了一种新理论,p什么的,这个理论可以解释其他人们认知事物的方法。比如为什么人们看到bird就想到fly即使知道有的鸟不会飞,又说人们觉得sparrow啊什么的比penguin更像鸟。 后半截说这两个理论其实可以reconcile。

3、 说一个古代文明体,half people, 说他们half agrigulture(dry,不灌溉),还养牲畜(发现有个小神像是牛还是什么)他们制造瓷器,和其他culture的人们trade。 然后说这种瓷器neat\repetive\tiny\精致。 最后说这个文明体是tribal,然后还讲了tribal的特性

加试阅读是从来没看到过的,很难。

第二篇,人们利用一种原则,这种原则认为,以前的事物和现在的物质所受到的影响应该是一致的,举了石头的例子,还举了铁形成的例子,还举了恐龙灭绝的例子。

比如,恐龙的形成过程,人们只能凭借一些间接的证据来证明,根本不可能再模仿出陨石撞地球的过程。

铁的形成过程也是这样,但是人们可以在实验室里面进行模拟。

听力部分:

1、男女老师讨论候选人和选取标准(有题),女的说要找一个懂得莎士比亚文雪+film的教师。男的说对一个女候选人感兴趣,因为她讲课很passion,女的说it was entertainment(有题)。女的问有没有其他候选人,男的说太喜欢那个女教师了,所以没注意到其他人(有题)。女的提了另一个后选人,男的说他讲课充满了jargon,学生听不懂云云。女的说可是他符合上面说的标准啊。男的说,哦,我懂你的品位了

2、 生物。AGEING PROCESS。探讨老化到底是不因为free radical(自由基),然后就是高中生物知识了,说那些free的molecule乱撞,把基因还是什么的给撞坏了,所以人就老了

aging,记得比较真切。 讲aging的两个原因,1. 有人说是biology clock 2.有人说是oxygen 由于不稳定产生的free radical破坏细胞(cell)特别是基因(gene)。然后说有人发现一种行氧化的物质XXX,做实验发现蔬菜有了这种物质decay的慢了。后来又有实验说给XXXanimal限制食物,他会老的更慢,因为metabolism慢了,氧气的free radical少了。后来说这种解释是不对的,因为。。。(记不得了)

3、 history of technology.自行车。 先说了上节课说的骑车,然后说人力的hourseless的车子,就是自行车。其他就是以前机经上的。有题问教授觉得那个发明者怎么样。

说用蒸汽的机器太大太笨重,后来有石油之后改善。(正题开始)然后讲一个人先发明了一个4轮子的东西,女生问:那不是很好嘛?老实说,不好,因为太笨重了(跟蒸汽机一样,有题),而且全用人力,人家会觉得主人太懒了(有题)有争议。后来改善成两个轮子的(还是人力没有踏板),但还是不行,在本地受欢迎,但是法国没人喜欢,因为只能再硬的地上而且太硬。后来那个人很执着(有题), 把它改成健身用品,还是不受欢迎,因为太重太贵。

4、男学生来应聘工作(有题问来干嘛),女教师一开始说人已经满了。男学生说接到电话,女教师说可能是其他图书馆的(有题),男学生说上周来面试过,女教师说,喔~~怪不得,上周我on vacation了。

男学生介绍自己情况,对电脑掌握的还行但是不知道怎么与人交流。还问了女老师有啥建议。女教师提了三个,一是图书馆的电脑看起来有用,但是最需要的它们的时候往往坏掉(有题);二有些读者对电脑已经很熟悉了……忘记了;三是建议男学生留下自己的email和对方的,以便以后交流。

5、说的是fall line,然后沿河城市的兴衰,其中有一个城市有了高速路所以吼了又繁华了

6、说的是wave,其中有将低频wave和声波的区别,声波传播需要介质而电磁波不要(这里有题physics class 一开始讲声波sound wave和微波micro wave的差别。讲声波需要介质,像水啊,空气啊。微波属于电磁波,可以在太空无空气里传播。然后说一种东西能检测次声波。后来说什么lighting产生低声波,能够传的很远,一天到晚都能检测到,因为世界每个角落都在产生声波(有题)。 后来说黄昏和清晨接受的最多,因为传播介质叫XXX。)

口语部分:

Q1:activity

The activity I would like to participate in isplaying foosball with my friends after school.

My friends and I are big fans of this kind ofsports. As high school students, we have been studied for almost ten years.Sometimes we get tired of staying inside tackling math problems. It is naturalfor us to exercise our body and fresh our mind through participating in somesports, through which we can chat and joke around with each other.

Foosball is a perfect activity for us since wecan release our stress with our running the risk of injuring our body,especially compared to some relatively violent activities such as football orbasketball

Q2 record,Some people like to record their experiences by diary or photo(这里还有一个例子 忘了),others not .What isyour opinion and why? Use specific reasons and examples to support yourresponse

原来的机经按我的理解是在diary和photo之间选择一个prefer的,实际考试重点似乎在record上,就是说whether or not like to record experiences.

Personally speaking, I would like to record myexperiences by things that could last for a long time. My reasons are asfollows.

First, things happened in the past can remind ussome meaningful and significant moments in our lives. I started the habit ofwriting diary when I was in junior high. For all these yeas, I recorded someimportant times such as my graduations, the first time I was praised by myEnglish teacher, an exciting basketball match. I would like to review thesefeelings once a time.

Also, keeping photos enables us to share thehappy times with people we really care about, like our families and friends. Itis a good opportunity to bound with each other.

Q3 withdraw class 延长的是withdrawal period

大一新生over ambitious才会选那么多课 第二点教授讲basic instruction 是do the routine things

In the dialogue, the man opposed to the policymade in the reading passage, which states that the school will withdraw severalof its classes. First of all, the man argued that it was not the problem of theclass, but the problem of the over ambitious and over confidence of theupcoming freshmen, that will result in over choosing of the classes. Secondly,the professors who teach these classes usually use the basic instructions,which the students may feel like they want to withdraw from these classes,probably think they are too easy.

Q4 Baitpricing 教授说他的一个朋友(女的)买笔记本电脑 看见了一个商店的的价格很低 很amazing 然后就进去了 推销员在她买了电脑以后 就说电脑很basic 要买点其他的东西辅助一下technology 然后就说了一堆东西(说这些东西价格要比其他的地方高) 最后那个女的买了一堆东西 商店也赚了一堆profit

The reading passage introduced a concept calledbait pricing, and during the lecture, the professor used one example toillustrate this concept. The example talks about a woman buying a computer; shewas attracted by the amazing low price and got into the store. After she boughtthe computer, the salesman said that computer is actually really basic, and sheneeded to buy some other accessories and software in order to supply with itstechnology. Then the salesman stated several items with the price, which aremuch higher than elsewhere. Thus the woman bought all these software andaccessories along with the cheap computer. Nevertheless, the store still made alot of money on the software and accessories it sold to the woman.

Q5 20out of 50 photos 两个人都是摄影展的举办者,女的提议选20个,男的担心有人upset;然后男的提议换大的展厅,女的表示那个地方平时很少有人去,展览的时候可能人会不多,两个人都是主角

In the dialogue, the women encountered a problem.The problem is that they will be showing some photos in a gallery, there are 50of them and they all looked really nice, however, they are only able to show 20out of 50 of them in the gallery because it is a little bit too small. Thereare two possible solutions, the first solution is to choose the 20 out of 50photos, and the second solutions is to switch to a bigger gallery. Personallyspeaking, I prefer the second solutions for the following reasons. Since thegallery is big enough to hold 50 photos, why choose only 20 and disappointother 30 people? Even though the bigger gallery is a little bit far away fromtheir center of attention, it could still attract audiences because thesephotos are really nice.

Q6 讲的是不同的species之间可以communicate andhelp each other.好像是inter-species communication. honey guide and honey badger可以通过这种途径互相帮助,他们都需要bee nest,但是吃的东西不一样,貌似guide吃的不是那个bee.honey guide因为飞的远视野开阔,发现mest的时候,sing song to letthe badger know,because guide 不能接近蜂巢,因为bee protection. then the bager make specific sound to respond it ,andfind the nest。在此注意不是因为它们强壮,而是它们能发出一种smell,我没太听清,我答得是fetid smell, whichbees can not withstand, so the bee fly away, then both the honey guide andhoney bager can get what they want.

Interspecies communication: bird & bagger differentspecies can talk, communicate, cooperate with each other. Take a birdcooperating with a mammal to get the honey. The bird named honey guide is goodat finding the bee's nest但有蜜蜂保护这种鸟没法接近。 那种mammal 叫honeybadger可以发出一种 smell 赶走bee 所以他们俩合作 鸟找到蜂巢 就make noise 引导M过来 赶走bee 这样

In the lecture, the professor talks aboutinter-species communication. The concept of this is birds and bagger is twodifferent species that can talk, communicate, and cooperate with each other.Take a bird cooperating with a mammal to get the honey. The bird named honeyguide is good at finding the bee's nest.

写作部分:

综合写作:

reading passage之前:是一副照片,照片描述了一只鸟,你会发现特别之处在于他的嘴巨大个儿

reading passage:讲的是the function of the toucan birds bill

第一段讲 bill可以当武器,可以jam predator

第二段讲 他的color and shape can confusing the potential predators, 帮助这种鸟在热带地区生存

第三段讲 他的bill的面积之大,可以帮助降体温,同时羽毛可以保温

lecture:

1.那嘴look like weapon but in fact 他太脆弱了,不能起到保护作用,而且那个嘴太重,让它飞翔变得笨重,根本不能逃脱天敌。

2.自己本身爱乱叫,本来就不想confusing the potential predators

3.其他鸟没这大BILL也能很好控制体温,而且他们厚羽毛证明了是去保暖的,而且如果这BILL散热的话,晚上冷了怎么办?

The passage mainly discusses the functions of thetoucan bird’s bill. However, the lecturer casts doubts on the writer’s view byusing several points.

First of all, it is said in the passage that thebill could serve as weapon to jam predators. However, the listening argues thatdespite the weapon-like appearance, the bill is too fragile to protect thebird. Moreover, the heavy weight of the bill makes the fly of the bird becomeawkward, which results in falling prey to the predators. This is where thespeaker disagrees with the writer.

Second, the writer points out that the color andshape of the bill can confuse the potential predators. However, the speakerstates that this kind of birds tends to warble all the time and it doesn’t wantto confuse the potential predators at all. This directly contradicts what thepassage indicates.

Finally, the passage raises the issue that thebill is so huge that it can help dissipate the body heat. On the other hand,the feather could serve to keep the body temperature. The speaker says that forother species of birds without huge bills, they could control their bodytemperatures as well. Moreover, during the nighttime when the temperaturedrops, what toucan birds could do to keep warm? This is entirely opposed to thewriter’s expectation. (221)

独立写作:

The best way to learn about a foreign country is to read the newspapersand magazines from that country.

Nowadays, along with the increasingly importantinteraction between nations, people are concerning more about not only theirown country, but also foreign countries. Some people assert that readingnewspapers and magazines is the best way to learn about a foreign country.However, I can hardly agree with the claim for the reasons as following.

There is no denying that newspaper and magazinecontribute a lot to describe different landscape as well as inform us the newsand the conditions about foreign countries. Newspapers and magazines can beeasily gotten at the newsstands or convenient shops, which offer the generalpublic opportunities to learn about the global world. Also, the information onthe newspapers and magazines is selected by editors, including all thesignificant events in the country. By reading such news, people can save muchtime and meanwhile keep knowledgeable.

Nevertheless, some other ways may be more idealthan reading newspaper and magazine, such as watching TV programs and surfingthe Internet. Newspapers and magazines are both traditional media which provideabundant information about foreign countries for many years, especially twentyyears ago, when other media were not improved to become so popular.Nonetheless, the development of information and telecommunication technologymakes people able to access information easily and conveniently from TV andInternet. Without thorough examination and strict preapproval, the informationon TV and Internet is more updated and extensive. People can get the latestupdates via TV in the next minute after an incident happens. People can alsohear various voices positive and negative, about a foreign country. Thesebenefits cannot be obtained by newspapers and magazines.

Furthermore, another ideal way to learn about aforeign country is bound to be travelling. Sometimes records and views frommedia cannot reflect the real conditions of foreign countries. Instead,travelling can bring us a vivid foreign country. Before living in a foreigncountry for a while and communicating with the local inhabitants, we can hardlyknow exactly the climate, economy and culture there. For instance, we cantravel to a country to try its special foods and snacks, which have a longhistory. Also, we can visit some famous and representative historical sites toexperience the history by ourselves. Only by this way can we learn the accurateand typical characteristics about the country. Besides, it is much moreinteresting than reading newspaper and magazine. There is no doubt that beingthere is an effective and fun way to learn about a foreign country.

From what has been discussed above, we may safelydraw the conclusion that although reading newspapers and magazines is a goodway to learn about a foreign country, there are many other effective ways toknow about a foreign country. Therefore, I cannot agree with the statement thatthe best way to learn about a foreign country is to read the newspapers andmagazines from that country. (481 words)

0
2012-07-04 14:37 编辑:帝都熊猫
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