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与golden有关的表达

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小编摘要:纵观历史,黄金一直被视为纯洁,美丽和权力的象征。称某物像黄金意味着它具有很好的质量和很高的价值。例如,金科玉律可能是世界上最普遍的道德规则。

 与golden有关的表达

Now, the VOA Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.

Throughout history, gold has been a sign of purity, beauty and power. Calling something golden means it has great quality and value. For example, the golden rule is possibly the world’s most widespread moral rule.

It says people should treat others the way they themselves would like to be treated. Every major religion has its own version of this idea.

The golden ratio is found in art, architecture and nature. It describes a rectangle with a length about one and one-half times its width. Objects using this ratio in their design seem to please the eye more than others. Philosophers have their own golden idea.

The golden mean says moderation in all things is the best way to live one’s life. It is an idea linked to the Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle. Similar thoughts exist in Buddhism and Confucianism.

Ancient Greek myths told of a time long ago when people lived in peace and happiness. Poets called it the Golden Age. A golden age now describes a historical period of great artistic, scientific or economic progress.

It can even recall a time of success and popularity for an industry. For example, the nineteen thirties and forties were called the Golden Age of Radio.

You may have heard the proverb silence is golden. This means silence is of great value. It is sometimes better to say nothing than to speak. You might say your child was good as gold when he behaved well at school.

British writer Charles Dickens used this expression in eighteen forty-three. He was describing the child Tiny Tim in the book "A Christmas Carol."

In nineteen thirty-seven, American playwright Clifford Odets wrote a play called “The Golden Boy.” This expression describes a young man who has many good qualities and a bright future. You might tell someone you are golden when that person does something very well.

Gold digger is another description. But this does not say something nice about a person. A gold digger is someone who seeks to marry a rich person because he or she is only interested in that person’s money.

Maybe you like old songs from the nineteen fifties or sixties that are still well known and popular today. These are called golden oldies. In the nineteen eighties and nineties, an American television comedy series told about four older women living in Miami, Florida. The Golden Girls often dealt with social issues in a funny way.

Today, most older people look forward to reaching their golden years. This is when hard-working people can retire to a life of ease and fulfillment.

(MUSIC)

This program was written by Mario Ritter. I’m Faith Lapidus. You can find more WORDS AND THEIR STORIES at our website, voaspecialenglish.com.

纵观历史,黄金一直被视为纯洁,美丽和权力的象征。称某物像黄金意味着它具有很好的质量和很高的价值。例如,金科玉律可能是世界上最普遍的道德规则。

有条金科玉律说,人应该以自己希望得到的礼遇方式来对待别人,各大主流宗教都有这一观点的不同版本。

黄金比例存在于艺术、建筑和自然方面。它描述的是一个长宽比大概为1.5:1的矩形物体。使用这个比例设计的物体看起来似乎比其他比例更能养眼。哲学家都有自己的金点子。

中庸之道称,在所有事物中,中庸是生存的最佳方式。这是和古希腊哲学家亚里士多德有关的观点。类似的想法也存在于佛教和儒家思想中。

古希腊神话讲述了很久以前,人们和平幸福地生活。诗人把它称为黄金时代。现在黄金年代用来描述一段艺术、科技或经济取得巨大进展的历史时期。

它甚至使我们回想起一个行业成功和流行的时期。例如,二十世纪三四十年代,被称为广播行业的黄金时代。

您可能听过一句谚语:沉默是金。这表示沉默极具价值,有时候沉默比多嘴强。如果你的孩子在学校表现好,你会说他很乖(good as gold)。

英国作家狄更斯1843年用了这个短语。他在《圣诞颂歌》一书中用这个短语描述一个名为小蒂姆的孩子。

1937年,美国剧作家克利福德·奥德茨写下戏剧《金童》(The Golden Boy)。金童一词用来形容具有良好素质和光明未来的青年。当某人做某事做得很棒时,你可能会告诉他“你很牛”。

掘金者(Gold digger)是另一种说法,但这可不是形容人们的什么好品质。掘金者力图与有钱人结婚,他或者她唯一感兴趣的只是那个人的钱。

也许你喜欢一些二十世纪五六十年代至今仍流行的老歌,这些歌曲被称为怀旧金曲。二十世纪八九十年代的一部美国喜剧连续剧讲述了四个住在佛罗里达州迈阿密的老年妇女。这些黄金女郎常常用一种有趣的方式处理社会问题。

今天,大多数老年人希望安度晚年(reaching their golden years),这是指辛勤工作的人们能退休享受安逸满足的生活。

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2012-06-28 20:58 编辑:pliny
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