grow, climb, soar
3．上升和下降需要和数字建立连接，可供选择的介词to, by, of
drop, fall, sink
stay unchanged at+不变的值
vary between…and…（两个极值； 名词 fluctuation between…and…
dramatically (significantly)剧烈的；progressively (gradually)逐渐的；slightly (slowly)缓慢的
表中所提供的单词均为“副词”，需搭配动词使用；如果需要搭配、修饰“名词”，则上述的词汇应变为“形容词”，即:dramatic, progressive, slight
例句：在2005年到2006年间，当澳洲当地的水费usage charge增加了每千升per kiloliter 0.25元。（看看下面的三种不同表达形式）
The usage charge in Australia grew by $0.25 per kiloliter during 2005-2006.
The usage charge in Australia had a growth of $0.25 per kiloliter between 2005 and 2006.
A growth of $0.25 per kiloliter was found in the usage charge in Australia over 1 year to Year 2006.
From…to…; between…and…; during…-…; for/over时间差to终止时间
第一种：一个对象在不同时期的变化（时间变化）,before /, after which
第二种：不同对象的比较 similarly (= The similar pattern is found in…) / however (In contrast,)
在过去的2年中，中国的GDP（Gross Domestic Production）增长了10%，预计在明年GDP仍可能增长8%左右。但是，日本的GDP在过去的2年中，基本呈现下降趋势，而且预计明年下降得更猛烈。
In the recent 2 years, GDP of China has grown by 10%, after which it is estimated to climb by 8% next year. In contrast, a dropping trend, in the last 2 years, has been found in that of Japan, before it is predicted to be more dramatic.
当不是特别能够确定图表的具体数值时，我们可以在数字前加上about, around, nearly, approximately, or so等一些比较模糊的副词修饰。
During 1979- 1999, visits overseas by UK residents, about 12 million in 1979, had a growth to nearly 52 million. The similar pattern was found in visits to the UK by international residents from around 10 million to 30 million. 6.5分
UK residents, about 12 million in 1979, had a growth to nearly 52 million. The similar pattern was found in visits to the UK by international residents from around 10 million to 30 million, but climbing slower than the former. 7分
In 1979, visits abroad by UK residents, 2 million more than those to the UK by overseas residents, was 12 million, after which a dramatic rise to nearly 52 million was found in 1999, when the similar pattern was seen in the visits to the UK by international residents to nearly 30 million. 8分