在线词典,在线翻译

冲突使得数百万儿童失学

所属:听力板块 阅读:1963 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:世界各地的冲突使得数千万年轻人未能上学。许多人还受到身体或精神上的伤害,使得他们很难,甚至不可能去学习。

 Conflicts Keep Millions of Children Out of School

A young Congolese boy at the Mugosi Primary School which mainly serves children of the Kahe refugee camp in northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo




By VOA
20 June, 2012

This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

Conflicts around the world are keeping tens of millions of young people from going to school. Many have physical or emotional injuries that make it hard or even impossible for them to learn.

Later this year UNESCO will release its twenty-twelve "Education for All Global Monitoring Report." UNESCO is the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. The yearly publication is part of a global campaign to provide primary education to all children within the next three years.

The report documents the situation in countries that have made the least progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. These goals require universal primary education and equality for boys and girls in schooling by twenty-fifteen.

Pauline Rose is the director of the report.

PAULINE ROSE: "In those thirty-five conflict-affected countries, we find twenty-eight million children out of school. In some countries, it's just that schools are not even accessible in conflict zones. The teachers aren't there. The schools are sometimes even attacked."

The Geneva Conventions bar the targeting of public places like schools and hospitals. In some cases, schools are targeted because they represent the government. Pauline Rose says in other cases, schools are targeted for religious or political reasons.

PAULINE ROSE: "So in Afghanistan, given that the idea of girls going to school has been part of the concern of some militant groups, that has been a cause for their direct attack on girls schools. In other parts of the world, it might be more that schools are caught in the crossfire."

Conflicts also put girls and boys at risk of sexual violence. Schoolchildren are also at risk of being forced to become soldiers.

Under international law, refugees are the only displaced people with a guaranteed right to education. But that guarantee often means little. Schools in refugee camps often have limited money for teachers and supplies.

Last year, Pauline Rose visited the Dadaab camps in northern Kenya. Those camps shelter more than two hundred fifty thousand refugees from Somalia.

PAULINE ROSE: "So you have half of children without any access to school. You have sort of classes of over three hundred children, and I mean just the conditions getting worse and worse."

What if conflict states in sub-Saharan Africa moved just ten percent of their military spending to education? UNESCO says they could educate more than one-fourth of their out-of-school population. And in Pakistan, it says twenty percent of the military budget could provide primary education for all children.

But one country has been a real success story. For years, Botswana has used its wealth from diamond exports to finance universal primary education and to create a skills base for its growing economy.

标签:voa special
2
2012-06-24 22:10 编辑:pliny
分享到:
关注海词微博:
发表评论:
表达一些您的想法吧!已有0条评论>>
登录,再发表评论
文明上网,理性发言!
您可能还感兴趣的文章:
  • [听力板块]自然博物馆的一场生动科学展览

    户外、露天似乎是学习自然科学的天然场所。在南加州这种人们更喜欢户外的地方,它也极具意义。目前,洛杉矶县自然历史博物馆正为游客把展览从室内搬到户外。
  • [听力板块]补充每天所需维生素

    维生素(vitamin)是人和动物为维持正常的生理功能而必需从食物中获得的一类微量有机物质,在人体生长、代谢、发育过程中发挥着重要的作用。