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BBC英语教师谈听力

所属:成长励志 作者:webmaster 阅读:3996 次 评论:8 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

某种意义上讲,我可能给不出最好的建议,因为在我学语言的时候,听力一直是我的弱项。我只能说,根据我作为一名教师的经验,听力对于男生来说尤其具有挑战性。
In some ways I am not the best person to give advice here, because whenever I have studied a language, listening has always been my weakest area. I have to say, my experience as a teacher is that listening is a challenge for male learners in particular.
  大多数同学都趋向于看重语法和词汇,而把听力和口语放在其次。但如果你想和本土人士进行沟通的话,随时随地的听力练习还是必不可少的。
  Most students tend to prioritise grammar and vocabulary over listening and speaking, but if you ever plan to communicate with native speakers, it is essential to practise listening whenever you can.
  看电影是一个很好的提高听力的方法。在此,我要强调一下重复的重要性。比如,你看了一部带中文字幕的英文电影,过一周或更久,要再看一遍。第二次看的时候要把字幕遮起来,因为这次你已经大概知道剧中角色想要表达的意思,这样做有助于大脑在语义和单词之间产生关联。当然,如果有一些实在难以理解,你也可以暂停和回放。
  Watching movies is a good way to improve your listening. I would stress the usefulness of repetition. So watch a DVD of an English-language film with Chinese subtitles. Then, a week or so later, watch the film again with the subtitles covered up. This time, you will know broadly what the characters are trying to say, which will help your brain link the English words with their meanings. Of course, you can pause and rewind the film if there are certain bits that really mystify you.
  接下来,就该想办法抛开电影画面听其原声带(或原声录音)了。你现在应该已经非常熟悉剧中的场景和故事情节了,所以抛开画面,这样有助于你的大脑更加专注于剧中的对白。
  The next step would be to find a way to listen to the soundtrack of the film without watching it. You should know the scenes and the story well by now so by removing the pictures your brain will really focus on the language spoken.
  但是,在做这些之前,你要考虑好用什么样的电影来练习你的听力。假如你想学美语,那就一定要选一部以美国为背景的电影。如果你选了一部备受赞誉的电影(比如一部获得多项奥斯卡奖的电影),你还有可能买到该电影的剧本,那将会对你非常有用的。最后,你要选一部你百看不厌的影片,别看不了两三遍就不想再看了。
  Before you do any of this, think carefully about what film you want to use to practise your listening. If you want to learn American English, be sure to watch a film set in the USA. If you choose a really well-regarded film (one that has one lots of Academy Awards, for example) you will probably be able to buy the screenplay of the film, which will be very useful to you. Lastly, choose a film that you are not going to get tired of if you watch it three times!
  使用这种方法练习听力非常地惬意,你也确实能从中感觉到自己的进步。
  This is a very satisfying way to practise your listening. You will really feel that you are improving.
  我还特别向推荐大家一下BBC网站。你会发现上面有很多音频节目,你可以下载到你的电脑或MP3里。最棒的是,我们还为这些音频都配上文字稿,供你在学习中对照参考。同样地,我建议你在忙着多听几个节目之前,最好每个先听上三个回合。(译者注:进入BBC网站http://www.bbc.co.uk/,点击最下面“Explore the BBC”中的“Learning English”进入学英语栏目)
  I would also really recommend going to the BBC website. You will find lots of audio programmes to download to your computer or mp3 player. The best thing is that we always make the scripts available so you can double-check everything. Again, I suggest that instead of listening to three different programmes, you listen to one programme three times over!
  一般来讲,听的时候不要期望太多。就算是我们英语本土人士在看英语电影的时候也会漏掉一些东西。所以,不要指望100%地全部听懂。
  Generally speaking, don't expect too much when it comes to listening. Even native speakers miss some things when they watch movies. You should not expect to ever understand everything 100%.
  记住,好的听力不是指要听懂每个单词的含义,而是指要搞明白正发生着什么,搞明白人们的意思。大概也就30%的词汇理解加上70%的猜测吧。
  Remember that good listening comprehension does not mean understanding what every word means. Good listening comprehension means understanding what is happening, understanding what people mean. So think of it as being 30% vocabulary understanding and 70% guesswork.
  我曾经在一所学校教书,学校有个会话室,学生在那里可以与其他学生和英语本土人士结组进行英语会话练习。所练习的水平也是相当地高,一般可以达到中级以上甚至高级水平。有一年,一个新生开始在会话室练习。其中两个月,她差不多每天都来,一练就是好几个小时。那时正是她上大学的假期期间。
  I once taught in a school which had a conversation lounge, where students could come and just practise English conversation with other students and one native speaker. The level was usually quite high – upper intermediate or advanced. But one year a beginner student started to come to the conversation lounge. She came almost every day for several hours, for about two months. It was something she did during her university holiday.
  她的口语进步不多,但令人惊讶的是她的听力。那个夏天快要结束的时候,她基本上能听懂任何人讲话了,就算说话人所用的词汇和语法远远超出了她的水平。
  Her speaking improved a little, but what was really astonishing was her listening comprehension. By the end of the summer she could understand what everybody was saying, even if the vocabulary and grammar were far above her ability.
  她只不过是变得善于猜测而已。这,对我来说,便是听力的秘诀。
  She had simply become very very good at guesswork. This, to me, is the secret of listening comprehension.
  你可以通过收听英语广播练习猜测能力。不要试图理解你所听到的所有东西,只要去猜测人们想要说得基本意思就行了。
  You can practise your guessing skills by listening to English language radio. Don’t try to understand everything you hear, just try to guess the general meaning of what people are saying.
  就算你不去试着理解其中的意思,收听英语广播或听英语歌曲都会增加你对英语声音的熟悉程度。我就知道有些同学听着英语演讲入睡,相信通过长期的熏陶会提高他们的听力能力。
  Even when you are not trying to understand the meaning, listening to radio or music in English will improve your familiarity with English sounds. I know some students who listen to English speech as they go to sleep, confident that in the long term it will improve their understanding.
标签:BBC 听力 英语 教师
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2009-10-27 23:03 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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