On Excessive Packaging
Nowadays the phenomena of excessive packaging of goods are prevailing in our society: clothes swathed in tissue paper, placed in cardboard box and finally wrapped in well-designed plastic bags, imported bottles of grape wine packed in wooden boxes, fruits put in hand-woven baskets, to name but a few。
There are several causes of excessive packaging. The first reason is that a large number of companies believe that they can attract customers’ attention and stimulate their purchasing desire by over-packaging their goods, thus gaining more profits. On the other hand, quite a number of consumers mistakenly hold that the more delicate the package is, the better the quality will be, thus encouraging excessive packaging。
In my point of view, excessive packaging has disastrous consequences, including the loss of precious resources, excessive consumption of water and energy, and unnecessary extraction of scarce land for landfill。
To solve the problem, it’s necessary to take the following measures. First, laws and regulations must be made to restrict excessive packaging of companies. In addition, we need to raise consumer’s awareness that excessive packaging doesn’t equal to high quality and advocate packaging recycling.
本文条理清晰，论述充分，语言使用规范得当，如：to name but a few，the first reason is that…，on the other hand，in my point of view，to solve the problem，first，in addition等。
1. D) providing good education for baby boomers。
2. D) Students’ performance declined。
3. D) They are mostly small in size。
4. D) Some large schools have split up into smaller ones。
5. C) their college-level test participation。
6. B) Their school performance was getting worse。
7. A) maintain closer relationships with their teachers。
9. different measures
10. tough subjects
M: As you can see from the drawings, the kitchen has one door into the dining room, another into the family room and a third to the outside。
W: The door into the family room isn’t big enough. Could it be made wider?
Q: What are the speakers doing?
【答案】D) Discussing a housing plan。
M: I’m thinking about where to go for a bite tonight. Any suggestions, Barbara?
W: Well, how about the French restaurant near the KFC? Frankly, I’ve had enough of our canteen food。
Q: What do we learn about the woman?
【答案】D) She is tired of the food in the canteen。
W: Hey, if you can’t enjoy the music at a sensible volume, why not use earphones? I’m preparing for the speech contest。
M: Oh, sorry. I didn’t realize I’ve being bothering you all this time。
Q: What is the man probably doing?
【答案】C) Listening to some loud music。
M: Finally, I’ve got the chance to put on my new suit tonight. I hope to make a good impression on your family。
W: Come on! It’s only a family reunion. So jeans and T-shirts are just fine.
Q: What does the woman mean?
【答案】C) The man can dress casually for the occasion。
M: Would you like to see those pants in brown and navy blue? These two colors are coming in this season。
W: Oh, actually grey is my favourite color, but I prefer something made from cotton, 100% cotton I mean。
Q: What is the woman looking for?
【答案】B) Grey pants made from pure cotton。
W: From here, the mountains look as if you could just reach out and touch them。
M: That’s why I chose this lodge. It has one of the best views in Switzerland。
Q: What is the man’s chief consideration in choosing the lodge?
【答案】C) Its location。
M: What do I have to do to apply for a passport?
W: You need proof of citizenship, either an old passport or a birth certificate and three photographs. Then you must complete this form and pay a fee。
Q: What is the man most probably going to do?
【答案】C) Travel overseas。
M: Miss, can I interest you in a pork special with serving tonight? It’s only 799, half the usual price and it’s very tasty。
W: Oh really? I will try it。
Q: What does the man say about the dish?
【答案】A) It is a good bargain。
Part III Listening Comprehension
W：Good evening, and welcome to this week’s business world. The program for and about business people. Tonight we have Mr. Steven Kayne, who has just taken over and established bicycle shop. Tell us, Mr. Kayne, what made you want to run your own store?
M: Well, I always loved racing bikes and fixing them. When I was working full-time as a salesman for a big company, I seldom had time to enjoy my hobby. I knew then that as soon as I had enough money to get my own business going, I’ll do it. I had my heart set on it and I didn’t let anything stand in my way. When I went down to the bank and got a business loan, I knew I’d love being my own boss. Now my time is my own. I open the store when I want and leave when I want。
W:You mean you don’t keep regular hours?
M: Well, the sign on my store says the hours are ten to six, but if business is slower than usual, I can just lock up and take off early。
W: Had you hired any employees to work with you yet?
M: Yeah, a couple of friends of mine who love biking as much as I do. They help me out a few days a week. It’s great because we play cards or just sit around and talk when there are no customers.
W: Thank you, Mr. Kayne. We wish you success in your new business。
Q19.what is the woman doing?
Q20.What did Mr. Kayne do before he took over the bicycle shop?
Q21.Why did the man take over a bicycle shop?
Q22.What do we learn about the people working in the shop?
W: Well, the main activities in the region were historically steel and paper processing, I think。
M: Yes, but I’m not quite sure about the status of those industries now. Could you tell us something about that?
W: Yes, of course. In fact, they are less significant, but steel-related manufacturing still accounts for 44% of industrial activity. So it’s still very important. In fact, 80% of Spain’s machine tools are from the Basque country. As for paper processing, there’s still a little. But it’s no longer what it once was in the region. So, is that clear?
M: Yes, thanks。
W: Now, to get back to what I was saying, there’s a lot of unemployment as well as geographical problems in the region。
M: Sorry, Victoria. What do you mean by geographical problems?
W: Well, what I mean is the area is very hilly, mountainous in parts. So there used to be transport problems, now though there are new train links and better roads, but it may be that some smaller towns inland remain not very well connected, is that OK? Does that make sense? When we talk about specific location suggestions for the factory, we’ll see this in more detail, so we’ll come back to this question, OK?
M: OK, right。
W: So I was about to say something about the work force in the region and the level of training and education. In general, it’s very good and improving。
Question 23-25 are based on the conversation you have just heard。
23. What does the woman say about the steel-related manufacturing in the region?
24. What problems hinder the region’s development?
25. What will the speakers discuss later?
Part III Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A)， B)， C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。
Q26: B. They had known each other since childhood
Q27: B. At Joe’s house
Q28: A. Social divisions will break down if people get to know each other。
Q29: A. In his building’s parking lot
Q30: A. It had been stolen by someone
Q31: B. In the city garage
Q32: D. The mysteriousness of creativity
Q33: A. It is the source of all artistic work
Q34: D. Creative imagination
Q35: A. It is part of everyday life
44. there have been hundreds of thefts and cases of deliberate damaging of public property
45. Things get stolen when it is easy to steal them because they are left lying around unwatched
46. A better way to solve this problem might be for all of us to be more careful with our things
47. E. domestic
48. C. communities
49. O. survive
50. H. gather
51. M. serves
52. N. surroundings
53. J. recession
54. K. reported
55. I. households
56. F. financially
57. In the initial stage, the current economic crisis is likely to _______。
A. tear many troubled families apart
B. bring about a drop in the divorce rate
C. cause a lot of conflicts in the family
D. contribute to enduring family ties
58. In the Great Depression many unhappy couples chose to stick together because _______
A. starting a new family would be hard
B. they wanted to better protect their kids
C. living separately would be too costly
D. they expected things would turn better
59. In addition to job losses, what stands in the way of unhappy couples getting a divorce?
A. A sense of insecurity。
B. Mounting family debts。
C. Difficulty in getting a loan。
D. Falling housing prices。
60. What will the current economic crisis eventually do to married couples?
A. It will force them to pull their efforts together。
B. It will undermine their mutual understanding。
C. It will irreparably damage their relationship。
D. It will help strengthen their emotional bonds。
61. What can be inferred from the last paragraph?
A. A stable family is the best protection against poverty。
B. Money is the foundation of many a happy marriage。
C. Few couples can stand the test of economic hardships。
D. The economic recovery will see a higher divorce rate。
)，题目为Married With Bankruptcy。这里有删减。文章分析了经济危机给夫妇带来的影响，指出经济危机不会提高离婚率并分析了几个原因，如夫妇无法承担离婚的成本，房价下降等等。文章最后三段指出虽然不会离婚，但夫妻的这种关系也不会维持太久，经济危机的考验要到经济复苏时期才能显现出来。
57. B. bring about a drop in the divorce rate
58. C. living separately would be too costly
59. D. Falling housing prices。
60. C. It will irreparably damage their relationship。
61. D. The economic recovery will see a higher divorce rate。
62. D) It profits by selling its user’s personal data。
63. C) They don’t know their personal data enriches Facebook。
64. C) To render better service to its users。
65. B) Formulating regulations for social-networking sites。
66. C) He doesn’t want his personal data abused。
67. C avoid
68. B however
69. D failing
70. C stages
71. A on
72. A predicts
73. A through
74. B and
75. B sensitive
76. D experience
77. B as well as
78. C emotions
79. D to
80. A inevitable
81. D receive
82. A with
83. D quality
84. B positive
85. A memories
86. B increased
87. Those flowers looked as if they hadn't been watered for a long time(好长时间没有浇水了)。
88. Fred bought a car last week. It is £1,000 cheaper than mine(比我的车便宜一千英镑)。
【点评】简单的比较级，cheaper than。不需要重复car，直接用mine代替my car。
89. This TV program is quite boring. We might as well listen to the music (不妨听听音乐)。
【点评】might as well“不妨”，原句中有might。listen to the music，听音乐。
90. He left his office in a hurry, with lights on and doors open(灯亮着，门开着)。
91.The famous novel is said to have been translated into multiple languages(已经被译成多种语言)。
【点评】be said to后面跟动词原型，“已经被译”，用完成时被动语态have been translated，介词用into。
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【写作】商品的过度包装 On Excessive Packaging Directions: For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition entitled On Excessive Packaging following the outli