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2012年6月英语四级真题完整参考答案(沪江)

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  On Excessive Packaging

  Nowadays the phenomena of excessive packaging of goods are prevailing in our society: clothes swathed in tissue paper, placed in cardboard box and finally wrapped in well-designed plastic bags, imported bottles of grape wine packed in wooden boxes, fruits put in hand-woven baskets, to name but a few。

  There are several causes of excessive packaging. The first reason is that a large number of companies believe that they can attract customers’ attention and stimulate their purchasing desire by over-packaging their goods, thus gaining more profits. On the other hand, quite a number of consumers mistakenly hold that the more delicate the package is, the better the quality will be, thus encouraging excessive packaging。

  In my point of view, excessive packaging has disastrous consequences, including the loss of precious resources, excessive consumption of water and energy, and unnecessary extraction of scarce land for landfill。

  To solve the problem, it’s necessary to take the following measures. First, laws and regulations must be made to restrict excessive packaging of companies. In addition, we need to raise consumer’s awareness that excessive packaging doesn’t equal to high quality and advocate packaging recycling. 

  【解析】

  本次作文的话题是“过度包装”,话题不断新,考生应该都比较熟悉。写好本篇作文的关键在于紧跟题目所列提纲:现象——原因——看法和建议,确定相应的写作结构。重点分析产生此现象的原因有哪些,把最重要的两三点罗列下来。最后,根据分析出的原因提供相应的建议。

  范文首段开门见山,首先一句话总结如今社会上过度包装现象盛行,而后举出一些实例补充说明。

  第二段重点从公司和消费者两方面论述产生过度包装的原因。公司方面是为了吸引顾客,刺激消费,赢取更多的利润;消费者方面是认为包装越精美,质量越好这种错误的消费意识。

  接下来作者表明自己的看法,认为过度包装会导致很多问题:稀缺资源的流失;水,能源的过度消耗以及产生不必要的垃圾场等。

  最后一段作者针对原因提出了一些解决方案。第一方面,建立法律规章制度来约束企业的过度包装行为。第二方面,必须让消费者认识到过度包装不等同于高质量,并提倡包装物的回收利用。

  本文条理清晰,论述充分,语言使用规范得当,如:to name but a few,the first reason is that…,on the other hand,in my point of view,to solve the problem,first,in addition等。

  1. D) providing good education for baby boomers。

  2. D) Students’ performance declined。

  3. D) They are mostly small in size。

  4. D) Some large schools have split up into smaller ones。

  5. C) their college-level test participation。

  6. B) Their school performance was getting worse。

  7. A) maintain closer relationships with their teachers。

  8. Simplicity

  9. different measures

  10. tough subjects

  短对话

  11.

  M: As you can see from the drawings, the kitchen has one door into the dining room, another into the family room and a third to the outside。

  W: The door into the family room isn’t big enough. Could it be made wider?

  Q: What are the speakers doing?

  【答案】D) Discussing a housing plan。

  【解析】此题为简单的推理题。从drawing,kitchen等关键词可知,两人正在看房间的图纸,并讨论希望family room能够再大点。

  12.

  M: I’m thinking about where to go for a bite tonight. Any suggestions, Barbara?

  W: Well, how about the French restaurant near the KFC? Frankly, I’ve had enough of our canteen food。

  Q: What do we learn about the woman?

  【答案】D) She is tired of the food in the canteen。

  【解析】此题为推理题。从对话中可知,男子问女子对于晚上到哪里吃饭有没有任何建议。女子回答去KFC旁边的法国餐厅,因为她已经受够了食堂的食物。

  13.

  W: Hey, if you can’t enjoy the music at a sensible volume, why not use earphones? I’m preparing for the speech contest。

  M: Oh, sorry. I didn’t realize I’ve being bothering you all this time。

  Q: What is the man probably doing?

  【答案】C) Listening to some loud music。

  【解析】此题为较为简单的推理题。从volume,earphone,bother等关键词可知该男子听音乐时把音量调的很高,从而影响到了女子准备演讲比赛。

  14.

  M: Finally, I’ve got the chance to put on my new suit tonight. I hope to make a good impression on your family。

  W: Come on! It’s only a family reunion. So jeans and T-shirts are just fine. 

  Q: What does the woman mean?

  【答案】C) The man can dress casually for the occasion。

  【解析】此题为推理题。男子想穿新套装给女方家庭留下好印象,但是女子说这只是个家庭聚会,穿牛仔裤和T恤就行,即穿着随意即可。

  15.

  M: Would you like to see those pants in brown and navy blue? These two colors are coming in this season。

  W: Oh, actually grey is my favourite color, but I prefer something made from cotton, 100% cotton I mean。

  Q: What is the woman looking for?

  【答案】B) Grey pants made from pure cotton。

  【解析】此题为细节题。从关键词pants,grey,100% cotton可知,女子想要的是灰色纯棉的短裤。

  16.

  W: From here, the mountains look as if you could just reach out and touch them。

  M: That’s why I chose this lodge. It has one of the best views in Switzerland。

  Q: What is the man’s chief consideration in choosing the lodge?

  【答案】C) Its location。

  【解析】此题为细节题。男子说他选择这个旅馆的原因是它有着瑞士最好的视野,所以他最在乎的是位置。

  17.

  M: What do I have to do to apply for a passport?

  W: You need proof of citizenship, either an old passport or a birth certificate and three photographs. Then you must complete this form and pay a fee。

  Q: What is the man most probably going to do?

  【答案】C) Travel overseas。

  【解析】此题为推理题。男子询问女子如何申请护照,女子回答时说的出生证,照片等是申请护照的所需用品。

  18.

  M: Miss, can I interest you in a pork special with serving tonight? It’s only 799, half the usual price and it’s very tasty。

  W: Oh really? I will try it。

  Q: What does the man say about the dish?

  【答案】A) It is a good bargain。

  【解析】此题为细节题。男子在给女子推荐时说该道菜今晚的价格是平时的一般,且很好吃,可见十分划算。

  Part III Listening Comprehension

  Section A

  Conversation 1

  W:Good evening, and welcome to this week’s business world. The program for and about business people. Tonight we have Mr. Steven Kayne, who has just taken over and established bicycle shop. Tell us, Mr. Kayne, what made you want to run your own store?

  M: Well, I always loved racing bikes and fixing them. When I was working full-time as a salesman for a big company, I seldom had time to enjoy my hobby. I knew then that as soon as I had enough money to get my own business going, I’ll do it. I had my heart set on it and I didn’t let anything stand in my way. When I went down to the bank and got a business loan, I knew I’d love being my own boss. Now my time is my own. I open the store when I want and leave when I want。

  W:You mean you don’t keep regular hours?

  M: Well, the sign on my store says the hours are ten to six, but if business is slower than usual, I can just lock up and take off early。

  W: Had you hired any employees to work with you yet?

  M: Yeah, a couple of friends of mine who love biking as much as I do. They help me out a few days a week. It’s great because we play cards or just sit around and talk when there are no customers. 

  W: Thank you, Mr. Kayne. We wish you success in your new business。

  Q19.what is the woman doing?

  Q20.What did Mr. Kayne do before he took over the bicycle shop?

  Q21.Why did the man take over a bicycle shop?

  Q22.What do we learn about the people working in the shop?

  答案:

  19. D

  20. A

  21. B

  22. A

  Conversation 2

  W: Well, the main activities in the region were historically steel and paper processing, I think。

  M: Yes, but I’m not quite sure about the status of those industries now. Could you tell us something about that? 

  W: Yes, of course. In fact, they are less significant, but steel-related manufacturing still accounts for 44% of industrial activity. So it’s still very important. In fact, 80% of Spain’s machine tools are from the Basque country. As for paper processing, there’s still a little. But it’s no longer what it once was in the region. So, is that clear?

  M: Yes, thanks。

  W: Now, to get back to what I was saying, there’s a lot of unemployment as well as geographical problems in the region。

  M: Sorry, Victoria. What do you mean by geographical problems?

  W: Well, what I mean is the area is very hilly, mountainous in parts. So there used to be transport problems, now though there are new train links and better roads, but it may be that some smaller towns inland remain not very well connected, is that OK? Does that make sense? When we talk about specific location suggestions for the factory, we’ll see this in more detail, so we’ll come back to this question, OK?

  M: OK, right。

  W: So I was about to say something about the work force in the region and the level of training and education. In general, it’s very good and improving。

  Question 23-25 are based on the conversation you have just heard。

  23. What does the woman say about the steel-related manufacturing in the region?

  24. What problems hinder the region’s development?

  25. What will the speakers discuss later?

  答案:

  23. B

  24. C

  25. C

  Part III Listening Comprehension

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。

  答案

  Passage one

  Q26: B. They had known each other since childhood

  Q27: B. At Joe’s house

  Q28: A. Social divisions will break down if people get to know each other。

  Passage two

  Q29: A. In his building’s parking lot

  Q30: A. It had been stolen by someone

  Q31: B. In the city garage

  Passage three

  Q32: D. The mysteriousness of creativity

  Q33: A. It is the source of all artistic work

  Q34: D. Creative imagination

  Q35: A. It is part of everyday life

  复合式听写

  【答案】

  36. calculators

  37. handle

  38. items

  39. Responding

  40. emergencies

  41. rarely

  42. occur

  43. murders

  44. there have been hundreds of thefts and cases of deliberate damaging of public property

  45. Things get stolen when it is easy to steal them because they are left lying around unwatched

  46. A better way to solve this problem might be for all of us to be more careful with our things 

  【解析】

  这篇文章谈论的是校园盗窃。从校园相关话题的角度而言,复合式听写的内容非常贴近生活,是考生所熟悉的。具体听写内容,单词仍然以一句话的主干内容为主,即名词和动词;而句子听写的长度和停顿间隔仍与往年一致,即18词左右,且每句间隔1-2句。所以,复合式听写难度与往年持平。但是考生们应考和平时听写时,都需要特别注意细节,如名词复数的变化,emergency的复数emergencies; 难词的拼写calculator(计算器)、theft(盗窃)。

  47. E. domestic

  48. C. communities

  49. O. survive

  50. H. gather

  51. M. serves

  52. N. surroundings

  53. J. recession

  54. K. reported

  55. I. households

  56. F. financially

  【解析】

  这篇文章选自Time杂志,讲述的是美国采取了一系列的食品援助行动为低收入者提供食物,经济萧条让越来越多的人陷入温饱危机,其中甚至包括有工作的人。

  文章思路比较清晰,理解起来并不难。选项中也没有易混淆的干扰项,考生只要把握文章的主线,注意通过词性排除选项,很容易得出答案。

  57. In the initial stage, the current economic crisis is likely to _______。

  A. tear many troubled families apart

  B. bring about a drop in the divorce rate

  C. cause a lot of conflicts in the family

  D. contribute to enduring family ties

  58. In the Great Depression many unhappy couples chose to stick together because _______

  A. starting a new family would be hard

  B. they wanted to better protect their kids

  C. living separately would be too costly

  D. they expected things would turn better

  59. In addition to job losses, what stands in the way of unhappy couples getting a divorce?

  A. A sense of insecurity。

  B. Mounting family debts。

  C. Difficulty in getting a loan。

  D. Falling housing prices。

  60. What will the current economic crisis eventually do to married couples?

  A. It will force them to pull their efforts together。

  B. It will undermine their mutual understanding。

  C. It will irreparably damage their relationship。

  D. It will help strengthen their emotional bonds。

  61. What can be inferred from the last paragraph?

  A. A stable family is the best protection against poverty。

  B. Money is the foundation of many a happy marriage。

  C. Few couples can stand the test of economic hardships。

  D. The economic recovery will see a higher divorce rate。

  【点评】:这篇文章来源于2009年5月的《纽约时报》(原文地址:http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/29/opinion/29cherlin.html

  ),题目为Married With Bankruptcy。这里有删减。文章分析了经济危机给夫妇带来的影响,指出经济危机不会提高离婚率并分析了几个原因,如夫妇无法承担离婚的成本,房价下降等等。文章最后三段指出虽然不会离婚,但夫妻的这种关系也不会维持太久,经济危机的考验要到经济复苏时期才能显现出来。

  答案:

  57. B. bring about a drop in the divorce rate

  58. C. living separately would be too costly

  59. D. Falling housing prices。

  60. C. It will irreparably damage their relationship。

  61. D. The economic recovery will see a higher divorce rate。

  62. D) It profits by selling its user’s personal data。

  63. C) They don’t know their personal data enriches Facebook。

  64. C) To render better service to its users。

  65. B) Formulating regulations for social-networking sites。

  66. C) He doesn’t want his personal data abused。

  点评:

  文章的主题围绕当下很受欢迎的社交网站Facebook,揭露其将用户资料出售给广告商。而大多数用户并未意识到这一点,因为他们并没有意识到个人资料的重要性。作者的态度和立场非常鲜明,并表示考虑注销自己的账户。

  67. C avoid

  68. B however

  69. D failing

  70. C stages

  71. A on

  72. A predicts

  73. A through

  74. B and

  75. B sensitive

  76. D experience

  77. B as well as

  78. C emotions

  79. D to

  80. A inevitable

  81. D receive

  82. A with

  83. D quality

  84. B positive

  85. A memories

  86. B increased

  87. Those flowers looked as if they hadn't been watered for a long time(好长时间没有浇水了)。

  【点评】they即flowers做主语,用被动语态。一段时间应用完成时,looked过去式相比,后面应该过去完成时。

  88. Fred bought a car last week. It is £1,000 cheaper than mine(比我的车便宜一千英镑)。

  【点评】简单的比较级,cheaper than。不需要重复car,直接用mine代替my car。

  89. This TV program is quite boring. We might as well listen to the music (不妨听听音乐)。

  【点评】might as well“不妨”,原句中有might。listen to the music,听音乐。

  90. He left his office in a hurry, with lights on and doors open(灯亮着,门开着)。

  【点评】with短语做伴随状语,逻辑主语和表语之间的系动词省略。

  91.The famous novel is said to have been translated into multiple languages(已经被译成多种语言)。

  【点评】be said to后面跟动词原型,“已经被译”,用完成时被动语态have been translated,介词用into。


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2012-06-16 17:33 编辑:甯老师
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