40。whiskeyzc : 人们在non-profit的情况下，有更高的motivation，更好的完成工作，建议公司大量的钱用于慈善，提高员工效率。
题库原题：B1.The following appeared in a memorandum from the head of a human resources department at a major automobile manufacturing company to the company's managers:
“Studies have found that employees of not-for-profit organizations and charities are often more highly motivated than employees of for-profit corporations to perform well at work when their performance is not being monitored or evaluated. Interviews with employees of not-for-profit organizations suggest that the reason for their greater motivation is the belief that their work helps to improve society. Because they believe in the importance of their work, they have personal reasons to perform well, even when no financial reward is present. Thus, if our corporation began donating a significant portion of its profits to humanitarian causes, our employees’ motivation and productivity would increase substantially and our overall profits would increase as well.”
1. 这个interview 并不靠谱，并没有证据证明所有非盈利组织的人都这么觉得。
2. 可能有其他原因使得员工变得motivated，比如一些training program会使员工变得self-motivated, 而且领导也很重要的，员工受领导影响嘛。
Firstly, it is highly doubtful that employees of not-for-profit organizations and charities are often more highly motivated than employees of for-profit corporations. However, differences between the two departments clearly outweigh the similarities, thus making the comparison highly less than valid. For example, most of the workers in the not-for profit organizations are volunteers, who can self-motivated with dedication and integrity to society; while the employees in the for-profit corporation can also be highly promoted by the personal reasons, such as job satisfaction. Besides the monitoring and evaluation in the job performance can improve the employee’s efficiency and proficiency, thus making the employee self-fulfilled.
Secondly, the author unfairly assumes that the proposed donation would suffice to achieve the increasing profits. This is not necessarily the case without a thorough cost-benefit analysis. It is possible that the after the part of profits, once distributed as the bonus to the employees, will be donated to the humanitarian causes, the employees might be unsatisfied and then less productive. Consequently, the profits of the corporation reduced because increased cost from the donation and reduced productivity.
41. 爬楼梯 : “Because occupancyrates for campus housing fell during the last academic year, so did housingrevenues. To solve the problem, campus housing officials should reduce thenumber of available housing units, thereby increasing the occupancy rates.Also, to keep students from choosing to live off-campus, housing officialsshould lower the rents, thereby increasing demand.”