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你有恐笑症吗?

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小编摘要:想象一下这样的场景,你从一群人面前走过,这些人在互相交谈,你听不到他们在说什么。但他们突然大笑起来,你怎么想呢?你会认为他们是因为其中一人说了好笑的事而大笑吗?或者,老实说,你觉得他们在笑你吗?

你有恐笑症吗?

 This is the VOA Special English Health Report.

Imagine this situation. You pass a group of people. The people are talking to each other. You cannot hear what they are saying. But suddenly they start laughing. What would you think? Would you think they were laughing at something funny that one of them said? Or -- be honest with yourself -- would you think they were laughing at you? Yes, you.

Being laughed at is a common fear. But a major study published in two thousand nine found that this fear is not the same around the world. It differs from culture to culture.

People in Finland were the least likely to believe that people laughing in their presence were making fun of them. Less than ten percent of Finns in the study said they would think that, compared to eighty percent of people in Thailand.

Some people in the study said they felt unsure of themselves in social situations but hid their feelings of insecurity. Others said they avoided social situations where they had been laughed at before.

The study found that people in Turkmenistan and Cambodia were more likely to be in the first group. They would hide their feelings of insecurity if they were around other people's laughter. But people in Iraq, Egypt and Jordan were more likely to try to avoid such situations if they felt they had been laughed at before.

Shy people often avoid situations that would force them into close contact with other people. They worry that something they say or do will make other people laugh at them. But some people worry much more than others. They may have a disorder called gelotophobia. Gelos is a Greek word. It means laughter. Phobia means fear. This fear of laughter can be truly sad for those who live with it. It can affect how they lead their lives.

In the study, a team from the University of Zurich led more than ninety researchers from around the world. They wanted to understand the difference between normal shyness and true gelotophobia. Another purpose of the study was to compare the levels of fear of being laughed at in different cultures. The researchers surveyed more than twenty-two thousand people in forty-two different languages. The findings appeared in the scientific journal Humor.

And that's the VOA Special English Health Report. Is shyness a serious problem for you or someone you know? It was for a university student who asked people in our audience for advice on how to deal with it. You can find out what they said at voaspecialenglish.com -- where you can also read, listen and learn English with our stories. I'm Faith Lapidus.


想象一下这样的场景,你从一群人面前走过,这些人在互相交谈,你听不到他们在说什么。但他们突然大笑起来,你怎么想呢?你会认为他们是因为其中一人说了好笑的事而大笑吗?或者,老实说,你觉得他们在笑你吗?是的,就是笑“你”。

被笑是一种常见的恐惧。但2009年发表的一项重大研究表明,这种恐惧在全世界因文化不同而有差异。

芬兰人最不容易相信在他们面前笑的人是在笑自己。研究中只有不到10%的芬兰人说会这么想,而泰国有80%的人会这么想。

一些人在此次研究中表示,他们在社交场合缺乏自信,但会隐藏自己的不安。另一些人表示,他们会避免自己曾被嘲笑过的社交场合。

研究发现土库曼斯坦人和柬埔寨人更可能属于第一类人。如果周围的人在笑,他们会隐藏他们的不安感。但在伊拉克、埃及和约旦,如果感觉自己曾被取笑过,人们更愿意避免这种场合。

害羞的人通常会避免去那些会迫使自己和其他人密切接触的场合。他们担心自己的所言所行会被他人笑话。但一些人比这更为严重,他们可能患有恐笑症。Gelos源于希腊语,意思是笑声。Phobia意思是恐惧。这种对笑声的恐惧对这些患者来说真的很悲惨,它会影响到这些人的生活。

来自苏黎士大学的团队带领全世界90多名研究者进行了这项研究。他们想弄明白普通的害羞和真正的恐笑症之间的差异。研究还希望能对比不同文化中害怕被笑的不同水平。研究者调查了使用42种不同语言的2.2万多人。研究结果发表在科学杂志《幽默》上。

标签:voa special
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2012-06-04 20:18 编辑:pliny
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