V1 By 围裙姐姐
P1说consultant company喜欢给公司建议用activities-centered strategy，但investment挺多，给employee的training也挺多，但期待的是longterm profit;但接着举例，for example，一个大公司用了total quality control这个strategy，期待能大幅提高profit和performance，但是,consultant company concluded that after two years' painfully effort, only turns out that the initiate and morality of employees have been improved dramatically, 但profits却没有。
P2开头解释了一下这种strategy的重点在提高整体或者全部的实力但是并不能保证利润最大化。相比较而言，作者此处引入了goal-driven strategy，就把重点放在结果上，目标都是订的短期的，例如在一段时间内提高利润，然后只有当前一个短期目标实现了才会设定或改进下一个目标。然后作者比较了这两种strategy，最后得出结论说goal这种能保证利润提高和目标实现。问题好像有主旨题，有关于作者对activities和 goal这两种strategy的态度和看法以及两者比较的。就记得这么多。。。
V1 By bgiftc
经过检索，我在 《African American Review》 (Summer, 2006)考古到了阅读基金“54.早期作品”的原文：《The art of Tom Dent: notes on early evidence》原文有大量例证多达三四页，我经过比对前人的机经，将文章精简到精确符合机经描述的以下两段(想看未删减的童鞋可以直接检索文章名找到那片超长的文章)：
Unless one is engaged in the task of writing a fairly comprehensive biography, the study of a writer rarely begins with attention to her or his juvenilia. A writer's early attempts to overcome various anxieties of influence, to master the intricacies of language, and to forge a distinctive voice are either dismissed or trivialized. This habit, or perhaps convention, precludes opportunities to inquire into the origins of the writer's ultimate achievement and power. Valid inquiries, of course, can be initiated at points other than the formative years. Nevertheless, our insights into the writer's style and aesthetic might be strengthened by trying to identify the literary origins of creative production. This procedure is especially germane in efforts to account for Tom Dent's importance as an African American writer and intellectual.
The governing presupposition for these notes is a claim about quality in writing. The art or skill that makes good writing is a possession of value and an activity of mind that is never exactly, as Richard Wright accurately proposed in "Blueprint for Negro Writing," on the page. The art is in perspective. The page is a catalyst for the engagement of the reader's mind with that of the writer; they collaborate on a vision of reality, agreeing or disagreeing as the case might be. Thomas Covington Dent (or as he preferred, Tom Dent), a New Orleans writer best known for his work with Free Southern Theater and his extraordinarily popular play Ritual Murder, his electric mentorship of younger writers and artists, and his work in oral history that culminated in Southern Journey (1997), certainly had perspective in the sense that Richard Wright intended; Dent also had subtle political and historically analytic perspectives on African American cultures. These perspectives are richly manifested in Dent's fledgling work as a journalist, specifically from writing produced during his tenure as editor-in-chief of the Maroon Tiger, the Morehouse College newspaper, during 1951-52. His editorials in Volume 53, Numbers 1-6, provide early evidence of what we are beginning to understand about his orientation toward reality, his aesthetic preferences, his complex and historically grounded modes of thought and expression. This evidence, crucial for a full assessment of Dent's later work, marks Dent as a writer from the Black South who sought more than the vapors of fame.
第 二段讲对dent的早期作品研究发现他的作品的观点什么的在他早期editorial的作品中就体现了，云云。举例说一个B Den什么的人，对American African历史和政治有subtle 观点，发觉他的观点主要源于他早期当editor的工作，在那时候，他的编辑就显示了他独特的观点，所以证明研究早期作品作用很大。
有一道问B Den 的American African历史和政治有subtle 观点来源于什么? 应该选他的work
说 他读大学时当编辑，对他后面很有影响，一题是逻辑题，看哪个选项weaken了这种说法。开篇有个和juvenile很像的词，大概就是说青少年的意思 还有formativ(adj. (影响)形成[构成, 发展]的)这个词我选了C, 说人后期和前期作品中有很大的break.