在线词典,在线翻译

美国国务院出台暑期打工旅游项目新规则

所属:听力板块 来源:voa 阅读:2585 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:超过10万名国际学生今年暑期将到美国打个和旅游。他们将获得J-1交流访问者签证,参加美国国务院的“暑期打工旅游项目”。

New Rules on US Summer Jobs for Foreign Students

 

More than one hundred thousand international students will spend this summer working and traveling in the United States. They are participating in the Summer Work Travel program through the State Department. They receive J-1 exchange visitor visas.

The idea is for students to work for up to three months and earn enough money to then spend a month traveling before they return home.

The Exchange Visitor Program, aims to increase global understanding through educational and cultural exchanges.

The Summer Work Travel program has existed for years. This year there are some changes. The State Department recently amended the employment rules. These changes follow a strike last summer by foreign students working at a distribution center for Hershey's chocolates.

The State Department said the students were put to work for long hours in jobs that provided little or no contact with the outside world. The students complained about having to lift heavy boxes and to work overnight.

They and other workers protested conditions at the plant in Palmyra, Pennsylvania. The students also complained about being underpaid as a result of deductions from their earnings. Some of their pay had to go to subcontractors involved in the operations.

The State Department has now banned the use of Summer Work Travel students in warehouses or packaging plants. Also, the majority of their work hours cannot fall between ten at night and six in the morning.

More jobs will be banned in the fall. These include most construction, manufacturing and food processing jobs. Summer Work Travel students will also not be allowed to work in most mining and agricultural jobs.

Daniel Costa at the Economic Policy Institute in Washington welcomed the new limits on jobs that the students can fill.

DANIEL COSTA: "That is good because it will protect the actual foreign workers from getting injured on the job. It also protects U.S. workers, because there is high unemployment in a lot of those occupations."

He also praised a requirement that employers only fill temporary or seasonal jobs with Summer Work Travel students. He noted that some employers have continually hired new student workers to avoid having to hire regular full-time employees.

Jacob Horwitz is lead organizer for the National Guestworker Alliance, the group that organized the strike in Palmyra.

JACOB HORWITZ: "The changes to the J-1 rules really recognize the demands that the students put forward, and both add a whole set of protections and changes that protect local workers who work in industries that use guest workers and also protect future J-1 students."

He says the State Department's changes will help return the program to its original purpose as a cultural exchange program.

标签:voa special
0
2012-05-31 20:54 编辑:pliny
分享到:
关注海词微博:
发表评论:
表达一些您的想法吧!已有0条评论>>
登录,再发表评论
文明上网,理性发言!
您可能还感兴趣的文章:
  • [听力板块]为什么说精准农业是一项好投资?

    精准农业是谋划如何提高产量,以及从现有资源中获取更多回报的一种途径。它通常涉及到技术的运用。计算机制导的拖拉机就是富裕国家常见的一个例子。
  • [听力板块]补充每天所需维生素

    维生素(vitamin)是人和动物为维持正常的生理功能而必需从食物中获得的一类微量有机物质,在人体生长、代谢、发育过程中发挥着重要的作用。
>>精华推荐阅读
热门评论文章