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英语专业四级语法词汇练习题(40)

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近义词辨析


glimpse, look, sight, view

这组词都有“看,瞥见”的意思。


glance
指看一下或瞥一眼(有意识的)。

His glance silenced the audience, and he began to speak.他环视了一下,听众都不说话了,他便开始讲话。


glimpse
一般指看一眼或一瞥(无意识的)。

She caught a glimpse of her friend in the supermarket.她在超级市场里瞥见了她的朋友。


look
一般用语,表示直接用眼睛看。

Her intent look showed how much she had missed her sister.她的专心的目光说明她是多么想念她的姐姐。


sight
此词与视力和视觉有关,意指察看或视野。

She has lost sight of her dog.她看不见那条狗了。


view
常指视野,视域景色和眼界。

The tower commands a good view of the beautiful city.从这个塔上可以清楚地看到这座美丽城市的景色。


huge, enormous, immense, giant, gigantic, vast

这组词均含有“很大的”的意思。


huge
指体积和数量大得超过一定的标准,可用来形容物体,距离,程度和声音等。

They spent a huge amount of money on that villa.他们花巨款买下了那幢别墅。


enormous
着重指体积庞大,常指硕大无比,令人咋舌的事物。多用来形容形体、数量和程度,有时含有严重、紧急的意思。

The dinosaurs were enormous animals which lived on the earth long ago.恐龙是很久以前生存在地球上的巨型动物。


giant
常指身体,体积,或力量的巨大。

They took giant strides forward.他们大踏步前进。


gigantic
多用于夸张手法,强调某种事物程度的巨大、重大或极为严重,常用于隐喻。

The economy of the country has taken a gigantic leap forward.这个国家的经济有很大的飞跃。


immense
有大到不能计算的意味,常用于形容空间,也可形容程度。

This book was about the early explorers who got lost in the immense Atlantic.这本书讲的是迷失在浩瀚大西洋中的早期探险家的故事。


vast
着重指面积极为开阔,用作比喻时指阅历广、花费大等。
The lion used to live in vast areas of Africa.狮子过去生活在非洲广袤的地区。


全真模拟试题


1. We have ____ the system of exploitation of man by man.?


A. cancelled           B. abolished         C. refused           D. rejected


2. The drugs must ____ in every way to the standards set up by the government.


A. conform         B. confirm          C. comply           D. correspond


3. It is common knowledge that one culture ____ with its social and economic development in the area.


A. connects          B. relates           C. associates             D. correlates


4. It was shameful that the argument ____ a handfight.


A. ended in               B. came to


C. ended up               D. culminated in


5. The artist and the author both tried to ____ the splendor of the sunset.


A. depict        B. narrate           C. describe            D. tell


6. The river water was ____ from its old course into a new channel where they were building the dam.


A. turned          B. switched             C. shifted             D. diverted


7. He was ____ with the power of acute observation.


A. conferred              B. endowed 


C. equipped               D.bestowed


8. Please ____ me on that subject.


A. enlighten               B. acquaint 


C. inform                   D. instruct


9. The security guard ____ two men who were yelling in the courtroom.


A. expelled                B. propelled


C. repelled                 D. dispelled


10. My passport ____ last month, so I will have to get a new one.


A. elapse          B. expired           C. ended             D. terminated


11. Neither of them thought highly of him and they both tried to?______? him in his work.


A. block           B. prevent           C. hamper             D. stop


12. There were a number of tall structures ____ in different colors.


A. enlightened              B. brightened


C. burning                 D. illuminated


13. Montgomery believed in assembling an overwhelming force and then ?______? a crushing blow on his opponent.


A. affiliating           B. conflicting           C. afflicted                D. inflicting


14. The unpleasant taste ____ in his mouth for hours.


A. prolonged           B. waited            C. lingered              D. lengthened


15. The US president ____in the White House during his turn in office.


A. dwells           B. settles          C. resides            D. inhabits


16. Every day, the news, government reports and scientific studies ?______? to the increasing consequences of population change.


A. verify          B. testify              C. justify              D. prove


17. This agreement will ____ the newspapers from government interference.


A. safeguard           B. prevent           C. guard              D. avoid


18. If you don’t complete the work according to the contract, I will ?______? you for damages.


A. accuse          B. charge             C. sue              D. complain


19. The women were able to equal or ____ the men who worked beside them.


A. surpass                B. exceed


C. overtake               D. lagged


20. Financial worries gradually ____ his healthand he was obliged to


retire early.


A.undermined            B.disabled


C.exhausted                D.invalidated


21. It was ____ to predict that the sun will not rise tomorrow.


A.ridiculous             B.absurd


C.irrational                D.abnormal 


22. The words were all ____ and well chosen.


A.suitable                   B.appropriate


C.apt                    D.fit


23. In Scotland, as in the rest of the United Kingdom, ____schooling begins at age 5 and ends at age 16.


A.compelling              B.forced


C.obliged                 D.compulsory


24. Its strange way of making a nest____ this bird from others.


A.differs                 B.distinguishes


C.differentiates             D.discriminates


25. If you go to the palace in tennis shoes, they will think you are ?______?.


A.strange            B.odd             C.peculiar                  D.eccentric
0
2012-05-26 08:27 编辑:wjy2005tom
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