An Essex council is considering levying a "fat tax" of £1,000 on fast food outlets that want to open up in its area, which would hit everyone from McDonald's to a small fish and chip shop.
Barking and Dagenham Council in Essex said the money would be used to combat the growing obesity problem in the borough.
This is being considered alongside other proposals in its public consultation "Saturation Point", addressing the health impacts of hot food takeaways.
Other plans include refusing planning permission for a hot food takeaway within 400 meters of a school and preventing further concentration of hot food takeaways in town centers and shopping parades.
Councilor Liam Smith, the leader of the council, said: "We must take a hard look at what the Council and its NHS partner can do to reverse what is a serious health issue.
"We are facing a health crisis which is affecting our young people, and at the core of this is obesity and one of the main causes is fast-food. We are determined to tackle the issue and we are in a position to do this through planning directives."
It is quite common for councils to levy a charge on businesses when they are granted planning permission, with supermarkets often forced to contribute towards the cost of building new schools, for instance.
A spokesman for the council added: "This is not tax but a practical way to help tackle what is fast becoming a major health issue in the Borough.
"The initiative is being considered in partnership with the NHS Barking and Dagenham, schools, business and workplaces. The Council will be guided by the results of the consultation which will end in October."
Waltham Forest council, in east London, last year said it intended to ban new takeaways opening within 400 meters of schools, youth centers and parks. Knowsley council, Liverpool, has also asked planning officers to consider restricting fast food outlets.