所属:成长励志 来源:译言 阅读:5472 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]


简介:英国物理学家斯蒂芬·霍金(Stephen Hawking)在21岁那年被确诊患有肌萎缩性脊髓侧索硬化症(amyotrophic lateral sclerosis,简称A.L.S.),即卢伽雷氏症(Lou Gehrig’s disease)。虽然A.L.S.患者通常会在五年内死亡,但霍金博士却奇迹般地活了下来,而且获得了非凡的成就,完成了他那个时代的一些最为重要的宇宙学研究工作。霍金博士于1988年在其名著《时间简史:从大爆炸到黑洞》(A Brief History of Time: From Big Bang to Black Holes)中试图向普通民众解释他所知道的宇宙边界问题。该书销量超过了1000万册,并连续两年多的时间雄踞畅销书排行榜。


霍金博士上个月来到亚利桑那州立大学,应一位朋友——宇宙学家劳伦斯·克劳斯(Lawrence Krauss)的邀请来参加=一个科学节。第二天下午,他接受了《纽约时报》记者的采访。

问:霍金博士,非常感谢你抽出时间来接受《纽约时报》科学栏目(Science Times)的采访。我想知道,你通常的一天是怎么度过的?

A:I get up early every morning and go to my office where I work with my colleagues and students at Cambridge University. Using e-mail, I can communicate with scientists all over the world.

Obviously, because of my disability, I need assistance. But I have always tried to overcome the limitations of my condition and lead as full a life as possible. I have traveled the world, from the Antarctic to zero gravity. (Pause.) Perhaps one day I will go into space.




A. Previously I have said it would be a bad idea to contact aliens because they might be so greatly advanced compared to us, that our civilization might not survive the experience. The “Dear Aliens” competition is based on a different premise.

It assumes that an intelligent extraterrestrial life form has already made contact with us and we need to formulate a reply. The competition asks school-age students to think creatively and scientifically in order to find a way to explain human life on this planet to some inquisitive aliens. I have no doubt that if we are ever contacted by such beings, we would want to respond.

I also think it is an interesting question to pose to young people as it requires them to think about the human race and our planet as a whole. It asks students to define who we are and what we have done.





A. Maybe I don’t have the most common kind of motor neuron disease, which usually kills in two or three years. It has certainly helped that I have had a job and that I have been looked after so well.

I don’t have much positive to say about motor neuron disease. But it taught me not to pity myself, because others were worse off and to get on with what I still could do. I’m happier now than before I developed the condition. I am lucky to be working in theoretical physics, one of the few areas in which disability is not a serious handicap.




A. My advice to other disabled people would be, concentrate on things your disability doesn’t prevent you doing well, and don’t regret the things it interferes with. Don’t be disabled in spirit, as well as physically.


问:对于设在瑞士的超级对撞机——大型强子对撞机(Large Hadron Collider,简称L.H.C.)来说,在开始启用时人们对它的期望很高。你现在对它是否感到失望?

A. It is too early to know what the L.H.C. will reveal. It will be two years before it reaches full power. When it does, it will work at energies five times greater than previous particle accelerators.

We can guess at what this will reveal, but our experience has been that when we open up a new range of observations, we often find what we had not expected. That is when physics becomes really exciting, because we are learning something new about the universe.



2012-05-14 14:29 编辑:tinna_mm