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英语专业四级语法词汇练习题(34)

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小编摘要:看看讲解,做做题目,巩固下你的语法和词汇知识吧。

近义词辨析


roughly, approximately, about, around

这组词都可表示在距离、时间、数量等方面“接近,大约”。


roughly

意为“粗略,大约”,经常用来代替approximately或about。该词常含有随便、草率的意味。


approximately

作“近于,接近”讲,表示精确程度非常接近某一标准,其误差极小甚至可忽略不计。


about

作“大约”讲,可与approximately互相使用,但它不如前者那样强调对精确度的接近,但它后面的数或量都是明确的,没有“多少不定”的意思,如,不可说“about more than two”。


around

意为“大约”,有时用于非正式场合,可以代替about或approximately


Roughly speaking, I think we are heading for the depression.大体说来,我认为我们正走向萧条。
It was approximately 100°F in the shade.在荫凉处温度约为华氏100度。
There are about 60 people in the room.这房间里大约有60个人。

He went to bed around midnight.他大约半夜才去睡觉。


accumulate, amass

这组词均含有“累积,积聚”的含义。


accumulate

强调一点一点地连续积累,从而积聚成堆。


amass

往往用于价高或量大的积聚。


The accumulated evidence isn’t enough to ensure his conviction.已收集到的证据还不足以给他定罪。

My savings are accumulating interest.我的储蓄不断生息。
Fat will be accumulated in your body if you stop doing sports.如果你停止运动,脂肪就会积聚于体内。

A speculator may try to amass great wealth.投机商会想方设法积聚钱财。


assemble, collect, gather

这组词均含有“收集,聚集”的意思。


assemble

指为了一定目的把即将分散的人或物集合为一个整体。


gather

是一般用语,指将分散的东西聚集在一起。用于人时表示“聚集,集中”之意。


collect

与gather通用,指按计划进行收集整理,其对象一般是物,偶尔也用于人,意为“集合”。


Assemble your papers and put them in this file.把你的论文收集起来,放在这个文件夹里。
You must gather the students to your side.你必须把学生团结到你这一边来。
People gathered in crowds on the street waiting for the news of victory.人们成群结队地聚集在街上,等待着胜利的消息。
My son likes collecting stamps.我儿子喜欢集邮。


全真模拟试题


1. Only in the dream world ____ moments of desolation or terror that are worse than anything we have known under the sun.


A. there is       B. there are        C. is there         D. are there


2. Would you please ____ spoil any material?


A. not          B. not to         C. to not           D. don’t


3. ____ in physical shape, he dropped out of the University of Syracuse.


A. As he was bad           B. Bad as he was


C. Bad although he was             D. Bad though he was


4. I hope you don’t mind me ____ you sir, but is there much money involved in the will?


A. asking       B. to ask          C. ask              D. that I ask


5. The reason Beethoven went away to the country is ____.


A. that he was gradually going deaf


B. because he was gradually going deaf


C. on account of the fact that he was gradually going deaf 


D. since he was gradually going deaf


6. “I often feel a sudden fast heart beat when I’m idle.”“You should stop your exercising and need ____”


A.to check your heart


B. to have your heart checked


C. to have checked your heart 


D. to be checked your heart


7. When I finish the story, Lenin jumped up from his chair and started pacing the floor, ____, deep in thought.


A. with his head bending         B. in his head bent


C. his head bending               D. his head bent


8. But what ____ to define his personality is a driven concentration on his work, compulsive attention to every aspect of creating musicals.


A. seems most                    B. is mostly


C. is most                  D. seems mostly


9. Switzerland is ____ a place to indulge in all your favorite winter sports; it’s also a marvellous spot to relax.


A. rather than              B. more than 


C. else than                D. other than


10. I am lucky ____ the thing I enjoy doing most is ____ I’ve ended up doing.


A. when... that             B. if...what


C. that... what                  D. that...that


11. Please ____ your voice if you have any questions to ask the chairman.


A. rise             B. raise             C. lift                D. enlarge


12. Owen obviously had no ____ of doing any work that day, although it was only a week before the English Test.


A. ambition         B. desire            C. intention           D. wish


13. The National Gallery in London has more visitors than ____any other because of its free admission.


A. practically        B. really           C. actually             D. completely


14. On that bitterly cold winter night , few people walked along the ?______? narrow streets.


A. lonely           B. neglected           C. deserted             D. isolated


15. If you keep gettingwrong numbers, your phone could be ____.


A. defective          B. ineffective          C. deficient          D. deceptive


16. Mr.Johnson had a terrible cold and could not stop ____.


A. yawning           B. sighing            C. sneezing           D. spitting


17. The chairman asked the members to ____ their votes for or against the proposal.


A. cast          B. throw          C. bid           D. offer


18. She was barred from the golf club for refusing to ____with the request.


A. conform        B. adhere            C. abide           D. comply


19. She always ____ the smell of fresh bread with her aunt, who loved baking.


A. associated           B. connected        C. attributed          D. contributed


20. Even when the strike was over, and the wages dispute had been ?______? , it took several weeks for the country to get cleaned up completely.


A. settled         B. evened         C. calmed          D. relieved


21. She was paid by the hour, and she managed to keep her family with herpitiful____.


A. salary            B. wages         C. stipend            D. payment


22. A plane is a ____ and so is a car.


A. transport          B. drive          C. vehicle            D. carriage


23. Tony was in plain clothes, watching for a ____ character at London Airport all night.


A. suspicious         B. suspect          C. susceptible         D. doubtful


24. At first she thought he was joking. It took Jason twenty minutes to convince her that he was ____.


A. earnest         B. real         C. genuine           D. serious


25. You may even become a head waiter eventually. If you have the rightsortof ____ and are not afraid of hard work.


A. nature          B. personality         C. temper            D. character
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2012-05-15 07:46 编辑:wjy2005tom
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