小编摘要：在10 年前，航空汽油价格只是普通航班的1/7 ，所需费用比支付给飞行员和其他工作人员的工资还少。但是国际航空运输协会发言人 Perry Flint 说已经有了彻底变化，现在的燃油成本已经超过了工资成本
Jet fuel prices were about 1/7 of the expenses of the typical airline just a decade ago, consuming less of the budget than pay for pilots and other workers.
But International Air Transport Association Spokesman Perry Flint says that has changed drastically and fuel cost now exceeds salaries.
“Today jet fuel is certainly the largest expense on the industry wide basis. We calculate that represents about 34% of an airline’s operating expenses.”
Experts at the Airline Trade Group say high fuel costs have already caused them to cut forecast for the industry’s expected annual profit by half a billion dollars to just 3 billion dollars.
Profits could fall further if a political or military conflict causes cruel oil prices to rise sharply and hit $ 150 a barrel. Flint says that could push the whole industry into significant losses.
So what will happen to oil prices over the next few months? Rayola Dougher is a senior economic advisor for the American Petroleum Institute which represents oil companies.
“That’s really difficult to know. You know if I knew what was going to do, I would be the wealthiest woman on the planet.”
She says prices rose because of worries that unrest could hurt production in nations that export oil cutting oil supply.
“We are into great deal of uncertainty moving forward, especially with instability in the Middle East. We don’t know how that’s going to play out. We don’t know what will happen with the sanctions with Iran?”
Recently, demand and prices are down because some major economies are growing more slowly or even shrinking. Dougher says demand may be cut further as high U.S gasoline prices prompt Americans to conserve fuel by getting smaller cars and driving less.
She says these changes are likely to happen, should U.S prices go above $ 1.5 per liter and stay there. The nationwide average price was within a few cents of that level just weeks ago but has fallen recently.
She says lower oil prices can help economic growth by freeing up money for business and consumers to spend and driving up demand for goods and services.