在线词典,在线翻译

英语专业四级语法词汇练习题(32)

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近义词辨析


refuse, reject, decline, deny, repel

这组词均含有“打破”或“挤碎”的意思。


refuse

是表示“拒绝”这一概念的最普通的用词,语气比decline强,含有非常坚决地、不客气地拒绝的意味。refuse作及物动词时,后面常常接名词或代词表示被拒绝的对象,跟不定式表示拒绝做某事。作不及物动词时,refuse可单独使用。


reject
意为“拒不接受,不采纳”,语气比refuse更强,强调抛弃、丢弃,有时可翻译为“抵制,驳回”。

该词还常常表示由于客观条件不符合规定的标准而遭到拒绝。reject后通常只接名词或代词。


decline

常常翻译为“辞谢,婉言谢绝”,指有礼貌地、语气委婉地拒绝,主要用于拒绝有关社交活动的邀请或请求等。


deny

常常作“否认,否定”讲,其后可接名词、代词、动名词或that?从句。另外,deny也可作“拒绝给予”讲,这时多接双宾语,即用在deny sb. sth.结构中,并且可以与refuse互换,不过语气要比refuse更坚决。


repel

指“拒绝接受”,甚至含“抵制”的意思,语气比reject强。
It is the stupid who refuse to be taught by mistake.只有蠢人才拒绝从错误中吸取教训。
The patient’s body rejected the heart transplant.病人的身体对心脏移植有排斥反应。
She declined to have lunch with us, saying that she ?wasn’t? feeling well.她说身体不适而婉言谢绝与我们共进午餐。
He doesn’t dare to deny the charges, does he?他不敢否认这些指控。
Fire repels wild animals.火使野兽不敢靠近。


全真模拟试题


1. He kept asking questions, but not a word ____.


A. could we understand             B. we could understand


C. we understand could              D. understand could we


2. Milk is sold ____ bottle nearly everywhere in China.


A. by the           B. with a             C. in a              D. in the


3. I ____ to go to London today, but when the fortune teller warned me not to travel, I postponed the trip.


A. had intended                 B. was intending


C. would intend                 D. was intended


4. He has no alternative but ____ and ask his brother for assistance.


A. to go            B. go               C. going                  D. will go


5. Even when stranded in an isolated village by snow, ____.


A. it seemed my journey was still exciting


B. my journey still seemed exciting


C. I still thought my journey exciting


D. my journey was still thought to be exciting


6. “Let’s go, Tom. It’s time we ____”“All right, Mary. I’ll finish itin a few seconds.”


A. play baseball              B. played baseball


C. will play baseball                D. are playing baseball


7. After a while, he left Newton’s to start ____ his own as an illustrator.


A. for          B. with           C. as                 D. on


8. No sooner ____ than the parrot flew out and settled in the same tree as the cat.


A. had Mary opened the cage


B. Mary opened the cagethat


C. did Mary open the cage


D. Mary opened the cage when


9. ____, you would have seen my nephew, a very outs tanding and promising boy.


A.Had you arrived earlier              B. I you arrived earlier


C. Did you arrive earlier                D. Unless you had arrived earlier


10. ____ told by the doctor to stop smoking, Mr. Smith carried neither matches nor cigarettes.


A. Had been         B. Have been        C. Having been           D. Has been
 
11. When you take medicine, be careful not to ____ that amount printed on the bottle.


A. exceed          B. substitute           C. exert           D. surpass


12. The football match was televised ____ from the worker’s stadium.


A. alive            B. alike           C. lively                D. live


13. Use your library to learn which animals ____ the desert.


A. live           B. occupy              C. inhabit                  D. settle


14. The important statement was soon ____ all over the world by radio.


A. brought           B. carried           C. taken              D. transformed


15. Our next?door neighbors have ____us to have the same kind of carpeting as they have.


A. persuaded           B. insisted          C. convinced              D. suggested


16. Although it was ____ jewellery, it looked real enough.


A. untrue           B. imitation             C. invented                  D. false


17. The plate glass must be capable of ____ very high temperature.


A. sustaining            B. retaining             C. obtaining           D. maintaining


18. The upset woman gave an ____ of the killer’s second attack.


A. illustration             B. account        C. analysis            D. explanation


19. Dr. Jones checked the patient’s ____ carefully before making his treatment.


A. symbols            B. symptoms         C. signs             D. conditions


20. In order to buy the house she had to obtain a ____ from the bank.


A. deposit           B. capital            C. debt              D. loan


21. The company is looking for a new ____ for another branch office.


A. position           B. post             C. point             D. site


22. The old family ____ in China has undergone some change since liberation.


A. pattern          B. shape           C. form             D. institution


23. “I have to go to see my doctor this afternoon.”


“Would you like me to ____ with you?”


A. send           B. escort           C. accompany            D. campaign


24. Knowing that more teachers will come to visit her class ____ her on.


A. spurred           B. promoted             C. thrilled             D. excited


25. The Olympic Games winners received a gold medal as a(n) ____.


A. reward             B. praise                 C. award                 D. gift
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2012-05-14 07:14 编辑:wjy2005tom
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