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英语专业四级语法词汇练习题(31)

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小编摘要:看看讲解,做做题目,巩固下你的语法和词汇知识吧。

近义词辨析
embarrass, puzzle, perplex, confuse, bewilder

这组词皆有“使…困惑”的意思,都可作及物动词,常以无生命的词作主语;以有生命的词作主语时,常用被动语态。

embarrass
指“使…困惑,使…窘迫,使…为难”,含有令人不快、为难和内心混乱的意味。

puzzle
意为“使…迷惑”,指某一复杂的事件或困难难于被理解。

perplex
指“使…疑惑”,和puzzle同义,但比puzzle更为庄重,还含有“使…杂乱,使…疑虑,使…不安,使…不知如何决定”的意思。

confuse
指“使…混乱,使…糊涂”,强调使人因混淆而不知所措。

bewilder
“使…混乱,使…着慌,使…发愣”,语气最重,表示糊涂到无法思考的地步。

It embarrasses me even to think about my foolish behavior.哪怕是想一想我愚蠢的行为,我都感到困窘不安。
Her illness has puzzled all the doctors.她的病把所有的医生都难住了。
I have been puzzling my brains about this question for weeks now.对这个问题我已经苦苦思索了几个星期了。
His strange behavior had greatly perplexed her.他奇怪的行为使她大为困惑。
We were perplexed to learn of your decision.我们听说了你们的决定,感到困惑不解。
They asked so many questions that they confused me(that I got confused).他们问了我很多问题,把我都给弄糊涂了。
Don’t confuse Austria with (and) Australia.不要把奥地利与澳大利亚弄混了。
She was bewildered to find them gone.发现他们已经离去,她愣住了。

 

全真模拟试题
1. You ____ whereyou leave your things.

A. always forgets             B. arealways forgetting

C. have always forgotten            D.will always forget

2. He is ____ boy to do such a thing.

A. such an honest               B. toohonest

C. too honest a              D. so honesta

3. There are several pretty girls standing under the tree, but ____ are knownto me.

A. neither        B. none         C. no one             D. all

4. It is because he is not proud of his learning____ he is respected by hisstudents.

A. that          B. which           C. what               D. that which

5. “I hope the children won’t go near the water.”“I warned them ?______?.”

A. not          B. not to          C. not go          D. won’t

6. When he came back he was not ____ we had known twenty years before.

A. John            B. a John          C. the John           D. the Johns

7. The physician considers going to bed early to be more sensible ?______?.

A. but staying up late           B. thanto stay up late

C. than staying up lately               D.than staying up late
 
8. The two children ____ towards the sea at about 11 o’clock.

A. were seen running             B. wereseen run

C. saw runniing                  D. havebeen seen running

9. ____ is his own decision.

A. When leaving             B. When doeshe leave

C. When he leaves               D. Heleaves

10. In one year rats eat 40 to 50 times ____ weight.

A. its              B. and            C. their              D. of

11. The line of trees shut the house from ____.

A. sight          B. view            C. eyes             D. scene

12. Get a shirt one size larger than you usually wear, because this material____ when you wash it.

A. fades           B. recedes         C. shrinks              D. decreases

13. Though the long term ____ cannot be predicted, the project has beenapproved by the committee.

A. affect             B. effort            C. effect               D. affliction

14. Gasoline is processed from ____ oil.

A. raw             B. crude            C. rough                D. tough

15. If you put too many pears in that paper bag, it will ____.

A. burst            B. explode              C. crack                D. expand

16. Having said he would mend the clock, he discovered that he had not broughtthe right ____ for the job.

A. tools           B. instruments              C. apparatus               D. equipment

17. This dress material will ____ repeated washings.

A. wrench         B. violate              C. withstand               D. endure

18. Soy protein can serve as a nutritious ____ for meat.

A. replacement            B. supplement

C. compound              D. complement

19. It would be far better if collectors could be persuaded to spend their timeand money in support of____ archaeological research.

A. literal               B. legitimate            C. legislative              D. illicit

20. One of the effects of acid rain is that it causes plants to ____.

A. contract           B. shrink             C. thrive              D. wither
 
21. New products are sometimes given away in small quantities called ?______?.

A. examples           B. samples            C. patterns              D. proofs

22. They sold their house for only $12,000, so the buyer got a good ?______?.

A. trade           B. business               C. deal              D. bargain

23. If you want to see the bus schedule, please ____ at the office.

A. require          B. inquire             C. request              D. acquire

24. The ship’s captain and members of the ____ welcomed us on board.

A. crew             B. staff               C. team             D. group

25. When Nancy paid the bill, she was given a ____ for her money.

A. ticket            B. cheque                 C. tip               D. receipt

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2012-05-13 07:09 编辑:wjy2005tom
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