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英语专业四级语法词汇练习题(30)

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近义词辨析


choose, select, pick out
这组词皆有“选择”之意。


choose在这三个词中是最常用的,可以表示进行一般的“选择”,有时也可以表示“决择”,它较侧重意志和判断。


select和pickout 而select和pick out通常指在三者或三者以上中作出选择。


select比 pick out 更为正式,select通常指经过慎重考虑而作出的选择select和choose有时可以通用,主要不同在于:choose往往指以个人的好恶或对个人是否合适为标准来“选择”,而select则更加强调被“选择”的事物在客观上的优劣。


choose有“选定之后就要坚持从事”的意思,而select则没有此意,例如在选择一生的职业、事业及爱人等时,只能用choose而不能用select。


choose一般指在两者之间作出选择,有时也可指在三者之间作出选择。


The samples are for you to choose from.这些样品供你挑选。
Most of the delegates to the conference are selected from model workers.出席大会的大多数人是从工人模范中挑选出来的。
The couples decide to choose gardening as their profession.这对夫妇决定选择园艺作为他们的职业。
Mary spent three hours picking out a red skirt at the store.玛丽花了三个小时在店里挑了一条红裙子。


全真模拟试题


1. The committee members resented ____ themof the meeting.


A. the president that he did no tell 


B. the president not to inform


C. the president’s not informing 


D. the president that he failed informing


2. Nancy hasn’t begun working on her Ph. D. ____ working on her master’s.


A. still because she is yet


B. yet as a result she is still


C. yet because she is still


D. still while she is already


3. The ____ capacity of the stadium has been enlarged.


A. sitting         B. seat       C. seated            D. seating


4. Mr. Cooper gave his money to those whom he considered ____.


A. as most worthy              B. as being most worthy


C. was most worthy               D. most worthy


5. Coal, though ____ than either oil or gas, is still a finite resource.


A. much energy more abundant source


B. the much more energy abundant source


C. a much more abundant energy source


D. energy source more abundant


6. The fuzzy, overstuffed quality of nineteenth?century prose resulted from using ten words ____ one wouldhave sufficed.


A. where         B. which           C. that            D. what


7. I didn’t go to the party last night, because ____, I changed my mind.


A. on a second thought              B. by second thoughts


C. on second thoughts                  D. on the second thought


8. I’d get it for you ____ I could remember who last borrowed it.


A. except that            B. if only


C. on condition that                D. considering whether


9. In 1890 there were many American cities and towns where part of a day’s school instruction was conducted in languages ____ English.


A. more than          B. except           C. other than              D. except for


10. The student was delighted to be offered a summer job ____.


A. that rewarded two dollars hourly


B. that paid two dollars an hour


C. with two?dollar pay in an hour


D. with a pay of two?dollar per hour


11. The news you told me the other day has to be ____.


A. conformed       B. confirmed         C. informed            D. affirmed


12. Quite a few people watch TV only to ____ time.


A. spare         B. spend             C. waste               D. pass


13. She has only a two?week vacation during the year ____ that other workers get more time off.


A. in spite of            B. besides


C. despite                   D. despite the fact


14. Some hard plastics can be ____ metals in manufacturing machine parts.


A. substituted for           B. taken the place of


C. replaced in                  D. given way to


15. I noticed the meals were well ____ what was charged for him.


A. worthwhile           B. worthy of            C. worthy              D. worth


16. He broke the world ____ for the 200?meter race.


A. grade         B. level          C. standard             D. record


17. The accident did very little ____ to either car.


A. destruction            B. ruin            C. damage             D. disaster


18. He rescued the child at the ____ of his own life.


A. danger          B. risk            C. hazard               D. edge


19. The children performed a very ____ dance for their parents.


A. gracious         B. smart           C. graceful            D. precise


20. People improperly dressed will not be ____ to this hotel.


A. accepted             B. admitted           C. permitted              D. allowed


21. My father was ____ by the neighbors that we were in great danger.


A. warned           B. charged             C. accused             D. blamed


22. Jones and Edwards are, ____, the producer and director of the movie.


A. responsively                B. respectfully


C. respectively                D. respectably


23. Peter was ____ to Ted for not having attended the party.


A. excusing             B. punishing             C. apologizing          D. pardoning


24. I cannot read your writing. It is ____.


A. illegible            B. legible          C. eligible            D. ineligible


25. I’ll try as hard as I can but I don’t think I have much ____ of winning the game.


A. luck          B. opportunity           C. chance                D. fortune
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2012-05-12 08:06 编辑:wjy2005tom
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