在线词典,在线翻译

英语专业四级语法词汇练习题(29)

所属:专四专八 阅读:3382 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:看看讲解,做做题目,巩固下你的语法和词汇知识吧。

近义词辨析


energy, force, power, strength, vigor, might

这组词都有“力”的意思。


energy

有“力,力量,精力”之意,原是物理学用语,其含义是“能”的意思,用于人时,指人的能力、精力。


force

有“力,力量”和“势力,武力”之意,指运用或发挥出来的力量,着重“力”产生的效果,即使人或物克服阻力,按要求的方向运动,达到一定目的。


power

有“力量,能力,权力”之意,含义广泛,可指内存的或外来的、具体的或抽象的力,可引申为“势力,政权”。


strength

有“力量,体力”之意,指人或物内部存在的力量,除指人身体的力气外,还可指感情、意志、记忆、判断等能力,指物时可指法律、风俗、文笔以及舆论等的力量。该词一般做不可数名词。


vigor

有“活力,力量”之意,侧重生命的活力或生命本身内在的力量,可指“精力,干劲”等,是不可数名词。


might

有“力量,威力”之意,指强有力的、强大的、超人的力量,是不可数名词。


The work took me a lot of energy.这工作花费了我很多精力。
The old man pulled the wagon with all his force.老人用尽全力拉货车。
The man has strong desire for power.这人渴望拥有权力。
These two boys are equal in strength.这两个男孩力气相等。
It is patriotism that gives the vigor of her writings.是爱国主义精神使她的作品充满生命力。

She worked with all her might.她竭尽全力地工作。


arouse, rouse

这组词均含有“唤醒,引起”的意思,两者往往可以通用。


rouse

一般作及物动词,有时也可用作不及物动词。


arouse
只作及物动词:
The fire roused the people from their sleep.大火把人们从睡梦中惊醒。
We must arouse them to fight for their own emancipation.我们必须唤醒他们起来为自己的解放而斗争.


全真模拟试题


1. He told me only part of the story ____.


A. so that was it           B. so that was this


C. and that was so                D. and that was that


2. ____ increases every year as natural habitats disappear.


A. The amount ofendangered species


B. The quantity of endangering species


C. The number of endangered species


D. The majority of endangering species


3. Prices reach an equilibrium at the level at which quantity demanded ____ quantity supplied.


A. is equal to       B. equal        C. equals to            D. is equal


4. The tenant must be prepared to decorate the property ____ the terms of the agreement.


A. with regard to             B. in relation to 


C. in accordance with                 D. providedby


5. Mr. Johnson is ____ to our party.


A. more than pleased to come 


B. pleased more than to come


C. more pleased than to come 


D. more pleasing than to come


6. She intends to move that the committee ____ discussion on this issue.


A. suspends            B. suspend            C. will suspend           D. suspended


7. It has been suggested that people who watch television incessantly ____ overly passive.


A. become            B. may become


C. should become              D. became


8. He will remain here if ____.


A. needed              B. need to be            C. need be           D. need is


9. The publishers will send you a specimen copy of their new books ?______?.


A. when it will be requested               B. when they are requested it


C. when it is requested                D. when requested


10. The most useful way of looking at a map is not as a piece of paper, but as a record of ____ .


A. organized geographical information


B. geographical organized information


C. geographically organized information 


D. organizing information geographically


11. As Mr. Best was passing the bookstore, he thought he’d just ____ to see whether any interesting books were on sale.


A. look through        B. look in           C. look up            D. look for


12. Margie’s bedroom was in a ____, with books and papers covering every possible surface.


A. litter        B. disorder          C. rubbish              D. mess


13. Burton said he could not swim until the____ came in because the sea was too far out.


A. current           B. tide          C. flood              D. wave


14. They decided to ____ their original plans for the house and make it smaller.


A. scale down            B. look down upon


C. break down                   D. keep down


15. It is not uncommon to ____ large numbers of automobiles in the streets of cities like London, Paris and New York.


A. entail           B. enclose               C. encounter             D. endure


16. The oxygen equipment made it possible for the climbers to rest and sleep at very high ____?.


A.latitude         B. altitude             C. level              D. hemisphere


17. ____ scientists say the earth will heat up like a pot of flowers in a greenhouse.


A. In the first place              B. At any rate


C. As a matter of fact                     D. As a result


18. Prizes are open to all, ____ nationality, race, or ideology.


A. for the sake of            B. regardless of 


C. at the cost of                     D. because of


19. The church is ____ on the hillside, about a mile from the town.


A. situated           B. lied            C. stationed                 D. placed


20. Because some teachers believe that memorization and learning are ?______?, they may tell you that you shouldn’t memorize material; rather, you should understand it.


A. relevant            B. compatible


C. incompatible                 D. incomplete


21. In technology, progress is the standard. In social ____, continuity is the standard, and when change occurs, it is seen as decline rather than advance.


A. institutions             B. commitments


C. limitations                 D. regulations


22. The job candidates’ main ____ was that he’d never held a job for more than eight months.


A. illusion          B. indignation            C. endurance             D. liability


23. A(n) ____ job is one that is long and boring.


A. dull           B. tedious             C. uninteresting              D. monotonous


24. The situation there ____ that I should be careful and patient.


A. demands           B. requires           C. hopes              D. wishes


25. World War I marked the beginning of this general ____ofcapitalism.


A. crisis          B. emergency             C. symbol             D. tendency
0
2012-05-11 08:03 编辑:wjy2005tom
分享到:
关注海词微博:
发表评论:
表达一些您的想法吧!已有0条评论>>
登录,再发表评论
文明上网,理性发言!
您可能还感兴趣的文章: