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英语专业四级语法词汇练习题(28)

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近义词辨析


shake, tremble, quake, shiver, quaver

这组词均含有“打破”或“挤碎”的意思。


shake

适用范围广,可用于人也可用于物。该词所表示的动作的方向既可以是水平的也可以是垂直的。


tremble
专门用于表示人体轻微、迅速地振动,特别是当人激动、怯懦、寒冷、疲惫时不自觉地发抖。


quake

可用来代替tremble,常表示剧裂震动,如地震等,也可表示人因天气寒冷发抖或因愤怒等强烈情绪而内心震动。


shiver

意为“颤抖,哆嗦”,特指因寒冷或恐惧而打寒战,多用于人。


quaver

有时表示不规则的震动或波动,尤其表示某些具有扰乱结果的震动或波动,它常常强调颤抖,特别是激动的情感对声音与言辞的影响。


To be shaken before taking.(药瓶标签用语)服前摇匀。
Her hands trembled with eagerness as she opened the letter.她拆信时,急得双手发抖。
His accusing hand stiffly extended, quaking in mute condemnation.他那控诉的手僵硬地伸出去,在无声的谴责中颤抖。
She is shivering with cold so that her teeth are chattering.她冷得直哆嗦,牙齿咯咯作响。

The breeze set the flames of the street lamps quavering.街灯在微风中摇曳着。


subject, name, title, topic


subject

意为“题目,主题”,既可以指文章、谈话、演讲等的“主要内容,主要涉及对象”,又可以指文章或演讲等的“具体名称,标题”。subject还可指学科、科目。


name

意为“名字,姓名,名称”,一般只用于人、动物或地方。


title

意为“名称,标题”,一般用于具体印发的作品、书籍。另外,一篇文章的题目如果是印出来了,那么既可以用subject又可以用title,如果在印发之前,就不能用title而要用subject,另外,title还可以作“称号,头衔”讲。


topic

一般译为“话题”,多为谈话、辩论、演讲、作文的题目。


The subject of their conversation was the war. 他们谈话的主要内容是战争。
What’s the name of the film?电影的名字是什么
The title of the article is In Search of Silence.文章的题目是“寻寂”。
Here are some topics for discussion.下面是一些讨论题目。


全真模拟试题


1. We are late. I expect the film ____ by the time we get to the cinema.


A. has started               B. will have started


C. will start                  D. may start


2. But for sunlight, there ____ no moonlight.


A. will be            B. would be           C. had been              D. was


3. All flights ____ because of the snowstorm, many passengers could do nothing but take the train.


A. had been cancelled          B. were cancelled


C. have been cancelled           D. having been cancelled


4. ____ seeing the damage he had done, he felt ashamed.


A. By            B. On         C. At            D. For


5. It is high time you ____ that you are not the most important person in the world.


A. realized           B. have realized


C. realizes            D. will realize


6. These two areas are similar ____ they both have a high rainfall during this season.


A. to that            B. basides that


C. in that            D. except that


7. If he hadn’t stood under the ladder to catch you when you fell, you ____ here now.


A. wouldn’t be smiling             B. won’t smile 


C. couldn’t have smiled            D. didn’t smile


8. We will visit Huangshan next year ____ we have enough money.


A. lest       B. until           C. unless               D. provided


9. The older worker and the young each ____ their own tools.


A. have          B. has            C. are having           D. is having


10. William told his wife ____ .


A. to have his shoes shone


B. to have his shoes shined


C. to have his shoes shining


D. shine his shoes


11. The task wasn’t easy, but we managed it____.


A. anyhow        B. somehow         C. any way           D. some way


12. Jane has just ____ a letter from a friend of hers in England.


A. returned         B. answered           C. offered          D. replied


13. Mr. John had given no ____ that he was intending to resign.


A. direction        B. symptom         C. information            D. indication


14. As she opened the gate the lion gave a loud ____ and bounded at her.


A. yell          B. cry           C. roar          D. shout


15. He spoke so quickly that I didn’t ____ what he said.


A. catch        B. listen           C. get           D. take


16. It isn’t quite ____ that he will be present at the meeting.


A. sure          B. right          C. exact          D. certain


17. She has a terribly hot temper, ____ she is really kind.


A. on the other hand             B. on the contrary


C. on second thoughts              D. on the whole


18. Russel ____ world opinion to condemn their policy of aggression.


A. called on             B. called for 


C. called up              D. called off 


19. We must ____ technical innovations and raise productivity.


A. speed for         B. step up          C. switch on           D. turn up


20. We advised them to take a rest, but they ____ on finishingthe work.


A. suggested          B. continued          C. insisted            D. persisted


21. I love boiled eggs and potatoes; it’s my ____ meal.


A. delicious         B. popular           C. favorite             D. fondest


22. When we had finished dinner, Jimmy asked the waiter to bring him the ____.


A. count           B. bill           C. tip             D. account


23. Having kissed her son, Eve gave him a dismissive ____ towards the car.


A. push          B. pull              C. drag              D. draw


24. They climbed to the top of the hill ____ they could get a bird’s?eye view of the city.


A. in case             B. for fear that 


C. in order that             D. as a result


25. The members in the testing team were quite ____ and could change schedule upon request.


A. flexible           B. gentle            C. sophisticated           D. shrewd
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2012-05-10 21:00 编辑:wjy2005tom
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