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英语专业四级语法词汇练习题(26)

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近义词辨析


range, reach, scope, compass, scale

这是一组表示“范围”的名词,其侧重点各有不同。


range

代表的是一个可以测量的范围,在这个范围内包括一系列可变化的数量。range还特指视力、听力所能达到的距离和枪炮的射程。


reach
特指伸手可达到的距离或非常近的距离,其比喻含义指能力、权力、影响等可达到的范围。


scope

指人们所处理、研究的事物的“范围”以及所掌握、控制的“面积”。scope的比喻含义指的是所掌握的知识的宽度,即“眼界,见识”。


compass

在意义上与scope相同,是正式用语,表示活动、兴趣、能力的“界限,范围”。


scale

特指刻度、标度的范围,也指品级、级别的规模和大小的范围:


The bird now came within my range of vision.那只小鸟飞入了我的视野。
Keep the pills out of the reach of the children!把药放到孩子们够不到的地方!
Is Romanticism in the scope of your book?你的书涉及到浪漫主义吗?
Construction is not within the compass of the department.工程建设不属这个部门管辖。

This thermometer has two scales marked on it, one in Fahrenheit and the other in Centigrade.温度计上有两种刻度,一种是华氏,另一种是摄氏。


scarce, rare

这组词均含有“稀少的,少有的”的意思。


rare

强调某种东西是很少见到的,或某种现象是很少发生的,具有珍贵、贵重的意味。它的反义词是common。


scarce
形容的事物不一定有珍贵之意,而是指有些东西(通常为日用品)因匮乏或难以得到而变得稀少或缺少。它的反义词是plentiful或abundant。此外,修饰时间表示频率时,则只能用rare,而不能用scarce,此时rare的含义是“不经常发生的”
The panda is one of the rare animals in the world.熊猫是世界上稀有动物之一。
Water is scarce in Sahara.撒哈拉沙漠上缺水。


全真模拟试题


1. ____ plastics, the machine is light in weight.


A. To make of         B. To be made of


C. Having made of             D. Made of


2. “____ all three people in the car injured in the accident?”


“No,____ only the two passengers who got hurt.”


A. Were/it was         B. Are/there is


C. Were/it were            D. Was/there was


3. ____ is to be in the flowing “river” of bears.


A. Stand on the tip of the cape


B. To stand on the tip of the cape


C. Standing on the tip of the cape


D. Being standing on the tip of the cape


4. The speech which he made ____ the football match bored a lot of fans to death.


A. being concerned              B.be concerned


C. concerned                D. concerning


5.____ in an atmosphere of simple living was what his parents wished for.


A. He was educated             B. He educated


C. His being educated                D. He to be educated


6. No sooner ____ than he realized that he should have remained silent.


A. the words had spoken              B. had the words spoken


C. the words had been spoken                  D. had the words been spoken


7. He went out of the General Manager’s office, looking as if he ____.


A. has been severely punished


B. were severely punished


C. was severely punished


D. had been severely punished


8. The factory manager and secretary ____ our party.


A. is to attend            B. are to attend


C. were to attend                  D. is attended


9. This project is known to ____ for three months.


A. having been going on              B. go on


C. have been going on                    D. be going on


10. ____ the car accident, they would have arrived earlier.


A. Except for           B. But for          C. Besides           D. Save for


11. Jane is slow but her brother, on the contrary, is quick at ____ the point of an argument.


A. grabbing         B. grasping           C. capturing           D. snatching


12. In an attempt to get to the ____ of the problem, the reporter interviewed every eyewitness.


A. root          B. stem           C. center             D. base


13. The tourists ____ through the fog, trying to read what was engraved on the gravestone Shakespeare had chosen for himself.


A. peered          B. peeped           C. glanced              D. glimpsed


14. The noise was so faint that you had to ____ your ears to hear it.


A. stir           B. strengthen           C. strain            D. stride


15. Because of the severe drought, the government has urged people to be ____ with water.


A. economic            B. thrifty             C. cautious             D. economical


16. They came to inspect the house ____ buying it.


A. in the event of             B. with a view to


C. with reference to                    D. on account of 


17. If a child is brought up in isolation away from human beings, he does not ____ language.


A. inquire           B. require             C. acquire           D. request


18. The use of sound is widespread as ____ of animal communication.


A. a means            B. ways              C. a tool              D. signals


19. There is no ____ evidence to date that people in the Western world can control their dreams, at least in experimental situations in a lab.


A. solid          B. hard           C. good              D. fine


20. Many of the inventions that made people ____ and have determined the direction of American industry were related to agriculture and food production.


A. affluent           B. abundant           C. sufficient            D. bankrupt


21. They ____ a coin to decide who would go first.


A. ticked           B. tiled             C. towed               D. tossed


22. You should ____ to one or more weekly magazines such as Time,or People.


A. subscribe            B. order              C. prescribe           D. reclaim


23. No one knew the man’s age until he ____ it by accident.


A. display           B. revealed            C. exhibit           D. exposed


24. Rising from the table he ____ his hat and went out.


A. put on           B. dressed               C. had on           D. wore


25. His hard work ____ him a good reputation.


A. obtained         B. acquired              C. gained           D. earned
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2012-05-05 07:15 编辑:wjy2005tom
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