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大家来找错之大学专业八级的改错练习--29

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小编摘要:改错是难点所以要多多练习哦。

 The violence within a society is controlled through institutionsof law. The most developed a legal system becomes, the more __1__ societies takes responsibility for the discovery, control, and punishment __2__ of violent acts. In most tribal societies the only means to dealing with __3__ an act of violence is revenge. Each family group may have the responsibility for personal carrying out judgment and punishment __4__ upon the person who did the offense. __5__ But in legal systems, the responsibility for revenge becomes personalized and diffused. The society assumes the responsibility for __6__ protecting individuals from violence. In cases where he cannot be __7__ protected, the society is responsible for committing punishment. __8__ In a state controlling legal system, individuals are removed __9__ from the circle of revenge motivated by acts of violence, and the __10__ state assumes responsibility for their protection.
  答案:  
  1.most改为more。这句话实际上使用了the more…the more…结果,表示"一个法律制度越完善,社会在其中所负的责任越大"。
  2.societies改为society。society 这里应选择单数因为原句的意思是"一个国家的法律制度越完善,社会在发现,控制,和惩治暴力行为中所承担的责任就越大",含义是单数的,所以应该使用单数形式。考试大
  3.dealing改为deal。the means to 词组里的to是不定式的to,因此后面应接动词原型。
  4.personal改为personally。这里personally修饰carrying out judgment…,因此是使用副词。
  5.did改为committed。offense经常与commit,cause,take,give搭配,这里用commit the offense 表示"犯罪"。
  6.personalized改为depersonalized。前面一句话指明在部族社会"惩恶扬善"是家族或个人的事,而在法制社会里,"复仇"这一任务不再由个人担当,而是交给社会,因此这里不应使用personalized,而应使用depersonalized,表示"非个人化"。
  7.he改为they。这里代词he与前面它所指代的名词individuals不一致,应为they。
  8.committing改为imposing。commit的意思是"犯(错误),干(坏事),把…交拖给,答应负责",在这里不适合,应改为impose。
  9.controlling改为controlled。中心词legal system和control的关系是被动的,法律制度是被国家控制的。
  10.circle改为cycle。circle和cycle的区别在于circle表示"圈子",如:a circle of friends,而cycle表示"循环,周期",如: the cycle of birth

标签:TEM-8 改错 语法
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2012-05-04 15:13 编辑:Day_Day_Up1990
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