在线词典,在线翻译

英语专业四级语法词汇练习题(22)

所属:专四专八 阅读:2958 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:看看讲解,做做题目,巩固下你的语法和词汇知识吧。

近义词辨析


edge, border, rim, verge

这组词皆有“边,边缘”之意。


edge

通常指某物一边的边线、两个平面的交界线以及各种界线,其引申含义表示两个处于不同性质或状态之间的明显界线,特指处在不利状态下的边缘。


border

意为“边界,边境,国境”,也可以指装饰周边的“边”。


rim

意思是“边,边缘”,尤指圆形或近似圆形的物体的边缘。


verge

特指道路、花坛等长着草的“边缘”。


verge常用于on the verge of 这一固定搭配中。如:
This is the north edge of the field.这是这块地的北边线。
The plane flew across the border.飞机飞越了边境。
He wears a pair of spectacles with gold rims.他戴一副金丝边眼镜。

She was on the verge of speaking out the secret.她差点儿把秘密说出来。


brief, concise, condensed, short

这组词均含有“简明,简洁”的意思。


brief和short

同义,往往就时间、事件、写作、说话而言,表示暂时的、简短的、简洁的。”


concise

指某人的言语或文体只用少量文字传达了大量信息。


condensed

有“凝炼”之意,即被压缩的。


short

是最普通的词,既可指时间,也可指空间。


如:
I left him a brief note.我给他留了一个便条。
Most of Bacon’s essays are concise.培根的多数小品文都很简洁。
This news story is condensed.这篇新闻报道被压缩了。
His answer was short and to the point.他的回答简明扼要。


全真模拟试题


1. ____ a fine day, we decided to go for a picnic.


A. Having been           B. Being          C. What            D. It being


2. He came to know that the knowledge from books can be useful only ?______? it is linked with practice.


A. as          B. when         C. while            D. for


3. ____, it is quite easy to drill a hole in it with laser.


A. Hard although a diamond is 


B. As a diamond is hard


C. Hard as a diamond is


D. How hard is a diamond


4. Silk, printing, paper, the compass and powder originated in China, and ____ introduction in the west had far?reaching effects.


A. these           B. their            C. those           D. its


5. The problem is believed ____ at the meeting two days ago.


A. to have discussed


B. to have been discussed


C. being discussed


D. having been discussed


6. Ultrasonic sounds produce pulsed signals ____ various defects in metal can be detected. 


A. for which          B. of which 


C. as a result of which              D. by means of which


7. In computer programming, this model is ____ to any of the others we have ever had.


A. more superior            B. the more superior


C. the most superior               D. superior


8. The introduction of the coal pulverizing system in Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant vastly reduces the time it took ____.


A. to mill the coal             B. milling the coal 


C. for milling the coal              D. while milling the coal


9. Some members suggested ____ a party for the visitor, but the Chairman didn’t approve.


A. to arrange           B. arrange


C. arranging                 D. to be arranging


10. If the maid comes today, please have her ____ my shirts.


A. washed           B. washing             C. to wash            D. wash


11. ____ racial problems have not been solved and full equality has not been attained yet, progress in these directions has been quite remarkable.


A. Since          B. Although         C. Now that            D. Before


12. ____ they are alarmed at the interference with the natural balance of the environment, and its possible consequences.


A. All in all          B. After all


C. Above all             D. In all


13. Rumor ____ it that the man has been nominated many times for the Nobel Prize.


A. has            B. spreads           C. carries            D. learns


14. Just because I’m ____ to him, my boss thinks he can order me around without giving me any respect.


A. redundant          B. versatile         C. trivial             D. subordinate


15. In our society, a wedding invitation is also an ____invitation for a gift.


A.ingenious         B. intelligible         C. implicit              D. inclusive


16. The strong scent of Kate’s perfume ____ the air in the small room.


A. radiated          B. permeated          C. extracted           D. dispersed


17. An atom bomb would ____ a city.


A. destroy           B. damage              C. spoil           D. wreck


18. The climate here is pleasant. It is ____ all the year round.


A. damp           B. humid             C. moist           D. wet


19. The room is partly ____ with a few old chairs.


A. provided          B. decorated            C. beautified            D. furnished


20. If Karl were more ____ about her voice, she would never sing outside of the shower.


A. punctual        B. practical          C. sensitive         D. objective


21. Renewing my driver’s licence today is ____. Otherwise, the licence will expire at midnight.


A. imaginative           B. feasible          C. imperative            D. empirical


22. For those with poor eyesight, large print ____ reading.


A. facilitates         B. rectifies         C. reinforces          D. magnifies


23. Nancy complained about the ____ air?conditioner she bought from the department store.


A. inefficient          B. deficient          C. ineffective            D. defective


24. ____ the large amount of time devoted to listening every day, most college students do not listen effectively.


A. However          B. If            C. Despite           D. Even


25. If we continue to argue over minor points, we won’t get ____near a solution.


A. anywhere          B. somewhere           C. elsewhere           D. nowhere
1
2012-04-30 07:03 编辑:wjy2005tom
分享到:
关注海词微博:
发表评论:
表达一些您的想法吧!已有0条评论>>
登录,再发表评论
文明上网,理性发言!
您可能还感兴趣的文章: