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英语专业四级语法词汇练习题(21)

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小编摘要:看看讲解,做做题目,巩固下你的语法和词汇知识吧。

近义词辨析


beat, win, conquer, defeat, overcome
这组词均有“获胜,征服,击败”之意。


beat
指在战争、竞赛或其他方面最终彻底战胜对方,对象可以是人,也可以是物。


win
指在竞赛或战斗中击败对方,其对象一般应是物,如battle, race, victory等。


conquer
既可指靠武力或精神道方面的力量使对方屈服,又可指在排除障碍和阻力后取得胜利。


defeat
意为“击败”,强调的是暂时的胜利。


overcome
既可指在战斗和竞赛中战胜对方,也可指在感情、习惯等方面压倒,胜过。


如:We can easily beat you atbaseball.打垒球我们可以轻易地击败你们。
The Chinese team won in the end.最后中国队赢了。
The Normans conquered England in 1066.1066年,诺曼底人征服了英格兰。
He defeated his opponents in this election.在这次竞选中,他击败了对手。
He made efforts to overcome every difficulty.他努力克服每一个困难。


award, reward
这组词均含有“授予,给予”的意思。


award
意为“授予,给予”,通常指官方或法院根据规定把钱财等奖给或判给某人。


reward
意为“酬劳,奖赏”,通常指因做了某一件事或提供了某种服务而应得到的报答或酬谢。


如:
He was awarded a medal for his outstanding contribution to science.由于对科学作出了杰出贡献,他被授予一枚奖章。
He rewarded me with 30 dollars for taking him to the airport.我把他送到机场,他给了我30美元作酬金。

 

全真模拟试题


1. She never laughed,____ lose her temper.

A. nor she ever did           B. or sheever did

C. or did she ever            D. nor didshe ever

2. ____ with the developed areas, people’s living standard of this province isnot high at all.

A. Compare             B. While comparing

C. When compared           D. Comparing

3. It is no use ____ me not to worry about his injury.

A. you tell           B. your telling

C. for you to have told            D.having told

4. If the earth suddenly ____ spinning, we would allfly off it.

A. had stopped              B. stopped

C. has stopped              D. would stop

5. Advertising is distinguished from other forms of communication ?______? theadvertiser pays for the message to be delivered.

A. in that            B. in which

C. in order that            D. in the way

6. After taking office, China’s Prime Minister, Zhu Rongji, tried his best topromote the new ____ policies.

A. economic        B. economical          C. economy           D. economics

7. Look at these clouds. ____.

A. It will rain             B. It’s goingto rain

C. It will be raining               D. Itis to rain

8. ____ the 1500’s ____ the first Europeans explored the coast of California.

A. It was not until/then               B.It is not until/when

C. It is until/that                 D. Itwas not until/that

9. ____ the letter, I ran out of the room to the post office.

A. Finishing

B. No sooner that I had finished up

C. As soon as I finished writing

D. Since I finished up to write

10. If the law and order ____, neither the citizen nor his property is safe.

A. are not preserved              B. havenot been preserved

C. were notpreserved                  D.is not preserved

11. Before moving to another city, Amy ____ of the house and the furniture.

A. disposed          B. discarded          C. discharged              D. distributed

12. Amy Taylor was ____ both as a drama critic and as a poet.

A. subtle          B. progressive          C. eminent           D. plausible

13. He was very much interested in the work of charities, and made a regular____ to them.

A.dedication           B. fellowship

C. hospitality               D.contribution

14. The temperature ____ greatly; the days were very hot, the nights very cold.

A. changed          B. altered         C. varied           D. reflected

15. The washing machine would not work because of a(n) ____in the switch.

A. mistake       B. trouble         C. error            D. defect

16. Recently there has been a great ____ for small cars that consume littlegas.

A. request         B. want           C. demand           D. claim
 
17. Mark ____ his breath in wonder when he saw the Christmas tree in thesitting room.

A. held           B. grasped            C. kept            D . blew

18. Our school singing group is going to give a(n) ____performance next month.Don’t miss it.

A. alive          B. living           C. life            D. live

19. The old buildings blend with the new ones in perfect ____so a walk alongNanking Road is an enjoyable discovery.

A. control            B. order          C. harmony           D. action

20. It is not profitable to provide bus service in districts where thepopulation is widely ____.

A. divided              B. separated            C. spaced           D. scattered

21. It was necessary to ____ the factory building as the company was doing moreand more business.

A. extend          B. increase          C. lengthen          D. grow

22. He studied hard in his youth, which ____ his great success in later life.

A. answered for             B. consistedof

C. doubled up                 D.contributed to

23. If I look the other way, I can see the mouth of the river, wild and ____,and the sea beyond.

A. grand          B. inspired         C. fierce           D. splendid

24. The relationship between dream life and waking life has been studied ____.

A. originally          B. intensively          C. extremely            D. properly

25. ____ the danger from enemy action, people had to cope with severe shortageof food, clothing, fuel, and almost everything.

A. as to           B. as usual          C. as regards           D. as well as

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2012-04-29 07:00 编辑:wjy2005tom
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