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英语专业四级语法词汇练习题(20)

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近义词辨析


endure, bear, stand, tolerate, put up with
这组词都有“忍受,忍耐”之意。


endure
比较正式,尤指忍受大的、持久的困难、痛苦、灾祸,常用于否定意义的句子中。


bear
强调忍受者的坚韧。


stand
意为“忍受,顶住”,多用于口语中,常用于否定句中,若用于肯定句,则意为“不屈不挠,经受得起”。


tolerate
意为“容忍”,语气较前几个词弱。


put up with
与tolerate意义相近,有“不计较,将就”之意,多用于口语。


如:He quietly endures the pain of a loveless marriage.他默默地忍受着没有爱情的婚姻的煎熬。
The sorrrow was almost more than she could bear.她几乎忍受不了那种悲伤。
I can’t stand hot weather.我受不了热天。
A government that refuses to tolerate opposition cannot last long.一个不听取反对意见的政府是不会长久的。
It’s hard for people to put up with that kind of treatment.人们很难忍受那种待遇。


basis, base, foundation
这组词均含有“基础”的意思。


在表示意见或判断的基础时,多用basis。在表示具体事物的基础或底部时,可用base或foundation,但不能用basis。base既可用于大物体也可用于小物体,而foundation只用于大物体,且多描述在地下的比较宏伟坚固的地基。如:


We reached this conclusion on the basis of many experiments.在多次实验的基础上,我们作出了这个结论。
I found a small leaf at the base of the flower.我在那朵花的底部发现一片小叶。
The workmen are laying the foundation of the new lecture building.工人们正在为新教学楼打地基。


全真模拟试题


1. If only the arbitration court ____ the dispute.


A. resolve             B. will resolve 


C. can resolve             D. would resolve


2. I advise you ____ of ____ out such a dangerous plan.


A. to stop to think... carry


B. to stop thinking... carrying


C. to stop thinking... carry 


D. to stop thinking... to carry


3. She bought ____ plates.


A. one dozen beautiful pale blue dinner


B. one dozen pale blue beautiful dinner


C. beautiful one dozen pale blue dinner


D. one dozen dinner beautiful pale blue


4. More and more advanced farm machines ____ , the agricultural production increased tremendously.


A. using             B. having used


C. having been used                  D. to have been used


5. I think you are supposed ____ your graduate study last year.


A. to be finishing                B. to have finished


C. to finish                D. to have been finished


6. The paper ____ several persons are risking their lives is an important report on missiles.


A. after which              B. for which


C. with which               D. at which


7. The actress is not so beautiful ____ the press described in advance.


A. that         B. which          C. as             D. what


8. The protection device can eliminate the faults ____they cause more damage.


A. unless        B. until           C. before           D. although


9. All ____ is peace and progress.


A. what is needed            B. for our needs


C. the thing needed           D. that is needed


10. ____ he was aware ofthe real meaning of life.


A. That was from that book


B. It was that book which


C. It was from that book that 


D. It was that book that


11. I hope you will never fall into that ____.


A. mistake          B. fault            C. error             D. defect


12. Then the ____ streamed into the great hall.


A. group           B. crowd           C. gang            D. masses


13. Once a ____ is formed it is very difficult to shake it off.


A. habit           B. custom            C. practice          D. usage


14. My husband likes early American furniture, but I prefer ____styles, designs that reflect today’s times.


A. noble          B. neutral


C. contemporary          D. simple


15. For many people, overeating and overspending are as ____to Christmas as candles and holly.


A. integral        B. suitable           C. inevitable          D. compatible


16. When my kids go a weekend without pizza and TV while camping, they think they are suffering great ____.


A. deficiency          B. deprivation


C. depression           D. starvation


17. The police have asked for the____ of the public in tracing the whereabouts of the missing boy.


A. cooperation            B.advice            C. helpfulness             D. aid


18. She murmured something and blushed as if a secret had been ____.


A. imposed          B. exposed           C. removed            D. renewed


19. Your service is entirely ____ , not compulsory.


A. selective             B. optional             C. voluntary            D. reluctant


20. Their distribution is also ____, sometimes, widely spaced, in places, closely packed together.


A. various           B. alternative           C. variable            D. conventional


21. Food and drink are good and desirable, but their ____can cause serious health and mental problems.


A. effect           B. abuse           C. custom           D. usage


22. I called on him the morning after our arrival, and was ____with his gay, precise manner and obvious power of decision.


A. inclined            B. implied


C. impressed              D. illustrated


23. The trade agreement between the two countries will ____next year.


A. adjoin           B. expire          C. boost             D. concede


24. Two boys were caught smoking at school but the headmaster let them ____ with a warning.


A. off           B. down            C. out             D. alone


25. Advertising costs are no longer in reasonable ____to the total cost of the product.


A. testimony          B. relationship           C. proportion          D. legislation

1
2012-04-28 07:55 编辑:wjy2005tom
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