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英语专业四级语法词汇练习题(17)

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表示建议、命令等意义的虚拟语气


这种虚拟式用在suggest, demand, insist, move, order, propose, recommend, require, request等动词之后的that分句中。例如:


In many countries, the law requires that everyone carry an identification card at all times.
The dean recommended that she be assigned to do the most complicated job.
She insisted that she go to the south for her holiday.


近义词辨析

anger, rage, fury, indignation, resentment, wrath

这组词均含有“愤怒,气恼”的意思。


anger

为这组中最普通用词。


rage

是一种无法克制失去自制能力的一种怒火的发作。


fury

语气更强,指使人失去常态和理智的愤怒,甚至会作出伤害人的举动。


indignation

较正式,表示撇开个人利益的、含蔑视心理的愤怒,引起这种愤怒的原因常常是不道德的野蛮行为。


resentment

指由于受侮辱或自尊受伤害而产生的愤怒,是正式用语。


wrath

一般用于诗歌、修辞或戏谑中。


She reproached her husband in great anger.她十分气愤地责骂丈夫。
He broke the flower pot in his rage.他一怒之下摔碎了花盆。
She flew into a fury when nobody would lend her any money.没人肯借她钱,她便勃然大怒。
The news roused great public indignation.这条消息激怒了公众。
I was full of hatred and resentment for the severe criticism.我对所受的严厉批评感到愤恨和不满。
The Grapes of Wrath was written by John Steinbeck.《愤怒的葡萄》一书是约翰•斯坦贝克写的。


全真模拟试题


1. ____ the flood, the ship had reached its destination on time.


A. In case of          B. In spite of


C. Because of            D. But for


2. Xenon has a number of applications, ____ may be mentioned its use in flash lamps for high speed photography.


A. among which        B. which         C. and which           D. each of which


3. Take an umbrella with you in case of ____.


A. it rains        B. the rain        C. rain          D. raining


4. The University of Georgia,____ in 1785, was the first state?supported University in the United States.


A. chartered        B. was chartered 


C. it was chartered             D. to be chartered


5. ____ that is found is valuable.


A. Not every pearl          B. Every pearl that is not 


C. It is not every pearl              D.When not every pearl


6. A historical novel may do more than mirror history; ____future events.


A. even influencing           B. it may even influence


C. may even influence              D.that it may even influence


7. ____, glasses can correct most sight defects in healthy eyes.


A. When well fitted             B. Well fitted when


C. Well fitted if              D. If well fitted when


8. I’ll certainly work all next week except when it ____.


A. will be raining            B. would rain


C. will rain                  D. is raining


9. I suppose you are not going today, ____


A. are you         B. do you         C. aren’t you            D. don’t you


10. The size of the audience,____ we had expected, was well over one thousand.


A. whom           B. who           C. as              D. that


11. Even before he got to the chemist’s he had lost the ____for the medicine, and had to go back to the doctor to get another one.


A. receipt         B. remedy         C. recipe           D. prescription


12. Before I noticed a differece, I had thoughtthe machines were ______.


A. equivalent           B. artificial           C. identical           D. occasional


13. Robert is reliable, you can ____.


A. count on          B. count for           C. count up             D. count out


14. For weeks after, I would see a girl on the street who ____my daughter and hope in my heart that it was Jane.


A. identified           B. imitated          C. resembled           D. liberated
 
15. Modern technology and science have produced a ____of new materials and new ways ofusing old materials.


A. wealth           B. will             C. reward           D. realm


16. There is evidence that such differences do ____intelligence as measured by tests.


A. infect             B. effect               C. affect            D. direct


17. In some small villages in England, tourists can become ____because they do not know that street names are posted on the side of buildings, rather than on signs as they are in the U.S.


A. explicit            B. rational            C. perplexed            D. positive


18. Your nationality is not ____ when choosing a career, but your ability to speak the language is.


A. related            B. responsible                 C. relevant           D. reciprocal


19. His interesting lecture ____ my interest in history.


A. revealed           B. revolved            C. retorted             D. revived


20. I was shocked at observing the alteration of her ____.


A. appearances            B. aspects            C. outlines            D. looks


21. A carpenter can work best when he uses the ____tools.


A. fit            B. suitable            C. proper             D. appropriate


22. We ____him out of going on such a dangerous journey.


A. argued            B. discussed           C. debated            D. disputed


23. All ads are intended to be ____, but they can stir up interest and curiosity in varying ways, through humour, information and so on.


A. provocative           B. cooperative 


C. effective              D. comparative


24. No one’s face is perfectly ____ . For example, one eye is often slightly higher than the other.


A. similar           B. subtle               C. balanced               D. symmetrical


25. My brother’s habit of giving advice without being asked makes him seem ____.


A. presumptuous               B. premature


C. presumptive                   D. predominant
1
2012-04-24 22:16 编辑:wjy2005tom
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