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美国电视人迪克·克拉克因心脏病去世

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小编摘要:他既不是歌手也不是音乐家,但是迪克·克拉克的名字在摇滚乐界久负盛名。在二十世纪五六十年代他主持的下午档电视节目《美国舞台》成为全国十几岁青少年争相追捧的节目,而且它改变了美国人听流行音乐的方式。

美国电视人迪克·克拉克因心脏病去世



He was not a singer or musician, but Dick Clark was one of the most famous names in rock and roll. In the 1950s and ‘60s his afternoon television show, American Bandstand, was a daily staple for teens across the country and it changed the way Americans listened to pop music.

Born in Mount Vernon, outside of New York City, Clark hit the airwaves before he was even out of high school. His career began in the mailroom of a radio station run by his father and uncle. Before long, he was on the air. He continued to work as a disc jockey through college, and returned to the small, family run station after graduation. One year later, in 1952, he hit the "big time," moving to WFIL in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and soon was one of the best known radio DJ's in town. At that time, WFIL also owned a television station that had an afternoon teen dance show called "Bandstand," and in a few years Clark became the regular host of that program, too.
In 1957, the ABC television network decided to take "Bandstand" national, after Clark convinced them that a teen dance show would be popular all across the country.

"I was a very young fellow," noted Clark. "That show was getting huge audiences in Philadelphia. Sixty-five percent of the people watched Bandstand when it was in Philadelphia. It wiped out all the competition. I said ‘It doesn't matter. It isn't just Philadelphia, this is a universal language. It will work everywhere. Trust us, it will work. Give us five weeks.' And in August of 1957, they did, and, as they say, the rest is history."

Renamed American Bandstand, the show became one of TV's longest running series and was a part of network's lineup from 1957 to 1987.

Everyone who was anyone in the pop music business performed on Bandstand, from Jerry Lee Lewis and the Jackson Five to Prince and the Talking Heads. Paul Anka launched his career on American Bandstand in 1957 with the song "Diana."

"I think Dick has been very massive , in that he was the first and one-of-a kind who allowed all of us that conduit [pipeline] to the public," Anka said. "Who not only was a very viable force then, but stayed contemporary through all of these years and uniquely kept everything that he was about very special."

His initial television success led Dick Clark to diversify . He soon moved into the music publishing and record business, which the US government later saw as a possible conflict of interest. At the time, payola, or bribery, was widespread in the music industry, with record companies paying DJ's to play their records. Clark was a prime target of a Congressional investigation into this illegal activity. He was cleared of any suspicions, but was required by ABC to sell his publishing and recording companies in order to keep his television show.

Clark moved to Hollywood in 1963, and "American Bandstand" went with him. Soon, he started up Dick Clark Productions and was cranking out hit television programs. Some of the shows were music related, but many were game shows and award shows. He was also an author, leading some to wonder if Clark was a workaholic .

"People say ‘Why do you work so hard? You made enough money to retire on when you were a kid!' And I say, everybody should be this lucky to live out the fantasy of their youth," Clark said. "I wanted to be in the radio business when I was 13. I started working on it when I was 17, and I don't want to stop."

In 1972, Clark became synonymous with one of the biggest party nights of the year, when he launched Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve and watching the show every December 31 was soon a yearly tradition for millions and millions of Americans. Clark continued to host the show until 2004, when he suffered a stroke that left him partially paralyzed and struggling to speak. But a year later, Clark was back and even though his speech was, at times, still difficult to understand, many praised his bravery, including other stroke victims.

Dick Clark earned countless awards and honors during his long career: he has Emmys, Grammys, a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and is in the Rock And Roll Hall of Fame.

Clark was often teased for his eternally good looks, which earned him the nickname "America's Oldest Teenager." He always credited his youthful appearance to good genes, and was quoted as saying "If you want to stay young looking, pick your parents very carefully."

他既不是歌手也不是音乐家,但是迪克·克拉克的名字在摇滚乐界久负盛名。在二十世纪五六十年代他主持的下午档电视节目《美国舞台》成为全国十几岁青少年争相追捧的节目,而且它改变了美国人听流行音乐的方式。
克拉克出生在纽约市外的维农山, 在进入电视广播行业前,他甚至还没有进入高中。他的职业生涯开始于由他的父亲和叔父运作的邮件室中的一个广播电台。不久后,他就开始了直播工作。他在大学中也继续担任一名DJ,而在念完大学后,他回到了家族运营的广播站。时隔一年后,在1952年,他进入了“大舞台”,搬到了在宾夕法尼亚州费城的WFIL,他很快便成为了镇上最有名的电台DJ。在那个时候,WFIL还拥有电视台,一档被称为《舞台》的下午时间段的青少年舞蹈表演节目映入了克拉克的眼帘,在未来几年内克拉克成为了那个节目的主持人。
在克拉克说服他们青少年表演节目将在流行全国后,1957年,ABC电视网络决定将《舞台》节目在全国范围内播出。
“我是一个非常年轻的家伙,”克拉克说道。“这个节目在费城拥有巨大的观众群。在费城65%的人收看这个节目。它力压所有的竞争节目。我说没关系。不仅仅是费城,这是一种世界通用的语言。在任何地方它都会这么火爆。请相信我们,它会奏效的。给我们五个星期的时间。1957年8月,他们的确做到了,而且就如他们所说的,剩下的就是那段被世人所熟知的历史。”
更名为《美国舞台》后,这个节目成为寿命最长的电视系列,也成为了从1957年到1987年网络阵容的一部分。
在流行音乐界的每个人都在《美国舞台》进行过表演,从杰瑞·李·刘易斯到杰克逊五兄弟再到Talking Heads。保罗·安卡在1957年在《美国舞台》以一曲《戴安娜》走上职业生涯之路。
“我认为迪克非常伟大,他是第一位并且是独一无二将我们展现给公众的人,”安卡说道。“他不仅有着很可行的力量,而且这些年一直与时俱进,而且他一直都是非常特别的。”
他最初的成功引领了迪克·克拉克的多样化。他很快就进入了音乐出版和录制行业,之后美国政府认为这是一个可能的利益冲突。在那个时候, 唱片公司支付给DJ播放他们的唱片,而收受贿赂在音乐行业中大肆蔓延。克拉克成为了美国国会调查非法活动的主要目标。他被洗清任何的怀疑,但被ABC要求为了保持他的电视节目卖掉出版和唱片公司。
1963年克拉克搬到了好莱坞,《美国舞台》也跟随他来到这里。不久,他开办了迪克·克拉克制作公司,制作热门电视节目。一些节目与音乐有关,但是大多数是游戏节目和颁奖节目。他也是一位作家,一些人甚至想知道克拉克是否是工作狂。
“人们说为什么你这么努力工作?你在还是孩子的时候就挣够了足够退休的钱!而我却说,每个人都要幸运的活出自己幻想的青春。”克拉克说道。“我想在13岁时从事广播事业。而我17岁时才踏入这个行业,我不想停下来。”
在1972年,克拉克推出《迪克·克拉克新年狂欢倒计时》后,他的名字与这档节目变得同时出名,而这档每年12月31日播出的节目也成为了千千万万的美国人一年一度欢聚一堂的传统节目。克拉克继续主持节目,直到2004年,中风瘫痪使他部分瘫痪,甚至开口说话也变得困难。但一年后,克拉克重新回归,尽管他的伶牙俐齿已不复当年,多少有些令人费解,但许多人都称赞他的勇敢,包括其他的中风患者。
迪克·克拉克在他漫长的职业生涯中赢得了无数的奖项和荣誉:艾美奖,葛莱美奖,好莱坞星光大道,与摇滚名人堂等。
克拉克总因为他永远光鲜华丽的外表而遭到戏弄,而这使他赢得了“美国最老的十几岁青少年”的绰号。他总是称他的年轻外表来自于良好的基因,他经常说的是“如果你想保持年轻,那就要仔细选择你的父母。”

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2012-04-20 18:36 编辑:pliny
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