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He was not a singer or musician, but Dick Clark was one of the most famous names in rock and roll. In the 1950s and ‘60s his afternoon television show, American Bandstand, was a daily staple for teens across the country and it changed the way Americans listened to pop music.

Born in Mount Vernon, outside of New York City, Clark hit the airwaves before he was even out of high school. His career began in the mailroom of a radio station run by his father and uncle. Before long, he was on the air. He continued to work as a disc jockey through college, and returned to the small, family run station after graduation. One year later, in 1952, he hit the "big time," moving to WFIL in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and soon was one of the best known radio DJ's in town. At that time, WFIL also owned a television station that had an afternoon teen dance show called "Bandstand," and in a few years Clark became the regular host of that program, too.
In 1957, the ABC television network decided to take "Bandstand" national, after Clark convinced them that a teen dance show would be popular all across the country.

"I was a very young fellow," noted Clark. "That show was getting huge audiences in Philadelphia. Sixty-five percent of the people watched Bandstand when it was in Philadelphia. It wiped out all the competition. I said ‘It doesn't matter. It isn't just Philadelphia, this is a universal language. It will work everywhere. Trust us, it will work. Give us five weeks.' And in August of 1957, they did, and, as they say, the rest is history."

Renamed American Bandstand, the show became one of TV's longest running series and was a part of network's lineup from 1957 to 1987.

Everyone who was anyone in the pop music business performed on Bandstand, from Jerry Lee Lewis and the Jackson Five to Prince and the Talking Heads. Paul Anka launched his career on American Bandstand in 1957 with the song "Diana."

"I think Dick has been very massive , in that he was the first and one-of-a kind who allowed all of us that conduit [pipeline] to the public," Anka said. "Who not only was a very viable force then, but stayed contemporary through all of these years and uniquely kept everything that he was about very special."

His initial television success led Dick Clark to diversify . He soon moved into the music publishing and record business, which the US government later saw as a possible conflict of interest. At the time, payola, or bribery, was widespread in the music industry, with record companies paying DJ's to play their records. Clark was a prime target of a Congressional investigation into this illegal activity. He was cleared of any suspicions, but was required by ABC to sell his publishing and recording companies in order to keep his television show.

Clark moved to Hollywood in 1963, and "American Bandstand" went with him. Soon, he started up Dick Clark Productions and was cranking out hit television programs. Some of the shows were music related, but many were game shows and award shows. He was also an author, leading some to wonder if Clark was a workaholic .

"People say ‘Why do you work so hard? You made enough money to retire on when you were a kid!' And I say, everybody should be this lucky to live out the fantasy of their youth," Clark said. "I wanted to be in the radio business when I was 13. I started working on it when I was 17, and I don't want to stop."

In 1972, Clark became synonymous with one of the biggest party nights of the year, when he launched Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve and watching the show every December 31 was soon a yearly tradition for millions and millions of Americans. Clark continued to host the show until 2004, when he suffered a stroke that left him partially paralyzed and struggling to speak. But a year later, Clark was back and even though his speech was, at times, still difficult to understand, many praised his bravery, including other stroke victims.

Dick Clark earned countless awards and honors during his long career: he has Emmys, Grammys, a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and is in the Rock And Roll Hall of Fame.

Clark was often teased for his eternally good looks, which earned him the nickname "America's Oldest Teenager." He always credited his youthful appearance to good genes, and was quoted as saying "If you want to stay young looking, pick your parents very carefully."

克拉克出生在纽约市外的维农山, 在进入电视广播行业前,他甚至还没有进入高中。他的职业生涯开始于由他的父亲和叔父运作的邮件室中的一个广播电台。不久后,他就开始了直播工作。他在大学中也继续担任一名DJ,而在念完大学后,他回到了家族运营的广播站。时隔一年后,在1952年,他进入了“大舞台”,搬到了在宾夕法尼亚州费城的WFIL,他很快便成为了镇上最有名的电台DJ。在那个时候,WFIL还拥有电视台,一档被称为《舞台》的下午时间段的青少年舞蹈表演节目映入了克拉克的眼帘,在未来几年内克拉克成为了那个节目的主持人。
在流行音乐界的每个人都在《美国舞台》进行过表演,从杰瑞·李·刘易斯到杰克逊五兄弟再到Talking Heads。保罗·安卡在1957年在《美国舞台》以一曲《戴安娜》走上职业生涯之路。
他最初的成功引领了迪克·克拉克的多样化。他很快就进入了音乐出版和录制行业,之后美国政府认为这是一个可能的利益冲突。在那个时候, 唱片公司支付给DJ播放他们的唱片,而收受贿赂在音乐行业中大肆蔓延。克拉克成为了美国国会调查非法活动的主要目标。他被洗清任何的怀疑,但被ABC要求为了保持他的电视节目卖掉出版和唱片公司。

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2012-04-20 18:36 编辑:pliny