小编摘要：国际货币基金组织（ IMF ） 称美国的就业市场正在显示出复苏的迹象。工厂的产量正在迅速走出经济危机的低谷，美国消费者正在消费更多。
The IMF says the U.S job market is starting to show signs of life.
Factory output is up sharply from recessionary lows and the American consumers are spending more.
There’s also good news from Europe where coordinated efforts by the European Union may have eliminated the threat of Greek default and lowered borrowing cost in other high debt countries.
But IMF Chief Economist Olivier Blanchard says the global economic picture is complicated.
“Things have quietly down since but an uneasy calm remains. One has the feeling that at any moment things could well get very bad again.”
Analysts point to Spain as a potential risk. Yields for Spanish bonds have doubled since March on speculation that the Europe’s fourth largest economy might seek financial support.
But William Hobbs from VP Research says that’s an unlikely scenario.
“Spain is not Greece. Spain has, you know a viable albeit, you know open-to-reform economy and they have, you know, globally respected businesses. And generally, you know, the economy which we think will eventually see it through its dark times to come.”
The IMF sees promise in developing economies, particularly those in Asia which are projected to grow 7.5% this year. China’s growth will likely slow slightly to 8.2%. But the pace is expected to accelerate in the Middle East and North Africa as oil prices continue to rise.
Improvements are also seen in Sub Saharan Africa and South Africa where the economic output is likely to expand 5.5%.
Still Olivier Blanchard of the IMF sees reason for caution.
“For many countries, the challenges come mainly from the outside in the form of lower exports to advanced countries, because of the low growth there of the volatility of commodity prices which affects both exporters and importers and the high volatility of capital flows.”
The IMF’s report comes as the 187 nation institution and its sister lending organization, the World Bank, prepare to hold annual spring meetings in Washington.