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韩裔美籍医学专家金墉当选世界银行行长

所属:财经报道 来源:BBC 阅读:2859 次 评论:1 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:新一届世界银行行长是医生出身,这或许多少都会惹来争议吧。不知道这位新行长将出台什么办法促进世界经济的恢复,以平复这些争议呢?

导读:日前,世界银行宣布,由美国总统奥巴马提名的韩裔美籍医学专家金墉将成为世界银行新一任行长。 在接受BBC采访时,金墉表示,以市场为基础的增长是各国的优先选择,因为这是增加就业、减贫的最好办法。许多评论家质疑金墉任职的资质,认为他的当选是因为政治因素,而非因为其本人的功绩。金墉承认自己缺少政治能力,但自己的医生背景有利于他担当此项重任。他称自己曾在发展中国家工作25年多,并曾因为自己在这些国家防治艾滋病和减少肺结核影响方面发挥的先锋作用而受到赞扬。他说:“我是医生,医生按照证据工作,而不是出于某一意识形态,或某种特定的政治观点。”

The World's Bank's new president, Jim Yong Kim, has said that capitalist "market-based growth is a priority for every single country".

In an interview with the BBC, Dr Kim said that was the best way to create jobs and lift people out of poverty.

Dr Kim was chosen as the new president of the World Bank on Monday, and was the US's preferred candidate.

However, many critics questioned his credentials and said Dr Kim's selection was based on politics not merit.

Dr Kim told the BBC that while he may lack political know-how, his background as physician would help him in his new role.

He explained that he worked for more than 25 years in developing countries. At the same time, he has been lauded for his pioneering role in treating HIV/Aids and reducing the impact of tuberculosis in the developing world.

"I am a physician. Physicians work on evidence, rather than working from a single ideology, rather than working from a particular political point-of-view," Dr Kim told the BBC.

He said that he would take into account the cultural and social peculiarities of various regions to ensure that the World Bank's various schemes achieved the desired results.

"If we can focus on the evidence of what is actually working and adapt those evidence-based interventions to local context, I think we can be very successful."

The 52-year-old Korean-American will succeed the current World Bank head Robert Zoellick, and start serving a five-year term from 1 July.

Support

Despite criticism from some corners, Dr Kim has his share of supporters as well, including US Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner.

"His deep development background coupled with his dedication to forging consensus will help breathe new life into the World Bank's efforts to secure fast economic growth that is widely shared," Mr Geithner said in a statement.

And outgoing president Mr Zoellick added: "Jim has seen poverty and vulnerability first-hand, through his impressive work in developing countries.

"His rigorous, science-based drive for results will be invaluable for the World Bank Group as it modernises to better serve client countries in overcoming poverty."

Andrew Mitchell, UK international development secretary and a governor of the World Bank, said that "as the first development professional to head the World Bank, Jim Yong Kim's considerable experience will be vital as he leads it through its ambitious reform and modernisation programme".

Mark Weisbrot of the Centre for Economic and Policy Research in Washington suggested Dr Kim would make a very different kind of leader.

"There's just no comparison between him and any of the prior World Bank presidents," he said.

"The others were political insiders. They spent most of their lives getting rich or becoming politically powerful, or worse. Kim, by contrast, has spent most of his life trying to improve the lives of poor people."

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2012-04-18 09:58 编辑:claudiaenglish
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