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英语专业四级语法词汇练习题(7)

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形容词的顺序


形容词层迭修饰时的顺序几个属于不同层次的形容词作修饰语时,其词序一般按下列顺序排列:限定词→表示说话人评价的形容词→表示大小、形状、新旧的形容词→表示颜色的形容词→表示国别、来源、材料的形容词→表示用途或目的的形容词→名词中心词。例如:


the town’s charming old English church

a well-known German medical school

the man’s first two interesting little red French oil paintings


近义词辨析


bother, disturb, trouble, worry


这组词均含有“不停地烦扰他人或搞得某人心神不宁”的意思。


bother和disturb常用于主动和被动两种形式中。用于被动时,bother指常受到时有时无的小事的烦扰。用于主动时,bother的意思比disturb强,带有故意打扰他人的意思。


If you return me the book, I will stop bothering you.你归还我的书后,我就不打扰你了。


disturb用于被动形式时,意思比bother强烈,有时甚至可指精神错乱。用在主动形式时,意思最弱,指某人无意中打扰他人,这种打扰行为并非存心冲着他人去的。


The man was mentally disturbed.这个人精神错乱了。


trouble和worry主要用于被动,指被某事搞得心神不宁。


trouble比worry稍正式些,指麻烦别人一件事而影响他人舒适、方便、效率、健康或心境的平静等。


May I trouble you for the book?麻烦您把书递给我好吗?


worry主要指因对某事的结果没有把握而焦虑不安,还可指某人沉浸在软弱无助的情绪或思虑中。


Worrying about your health can make you sick.经常担心你的健康,会使你生病的。


全真模拟试题 


1. It’s not fair that you come home after a bad day at work and ____ your wife and children.


A. take it out on             B. take out it on


C. take out on            D. take on it with


2. She put an extra blanket over the baby for fear that ____.


A. he catches cold         B. he should catch cold


C. he caught cold         D. he be catching cold


3. Our teacher recommended that we ____ as attentive as possible when we visit the museum.


A. are        B. shall be       C. be        D.were


4. You ____ business interfering with my affairs.


A. have none          B. have no


C. have none ofthe         D. have nothing like


5. The new cut in interest rate ____ promote domestic investment.


A. means to        B. directs toward


C. is meant to         D. leads to


6. Advertising media like direct mail, radio, television and newspapers ____ to increase the sales of industrial products.


A.have been used         B. will be used


C. is being used          D. has been used


7. While being questioned on the court, the man denied ____the old lady’s necklace.


A. having taken           B. taking


C. to have taken           D. to take


8. Dr. Park was accused ____ the patient with overdose of sleeping pills so that the patient’s life was terminated before the expected time.


A.of providing           B. with providing


C. to have provided           D. to provide


9. By the end of next month we ____ this assignment.


A. will finish           B. will be finishing


C. will have finished           D. have finished


10. We will be losing money this year unless that new economic plan of yours ____ miracle.


A.is working            B. works


C. will be working            D. worked


11. It was dark in the cave so she ____ a match.


A. struck           B. hit         C. fired          D. burned


12. Mary will not be able to come to the birthday party as she is ____ with a cold.


A. laid out           B. laid up           C. laid by            D. laid down


13. She often says her greatest happiness ____ serving the handicapped children.


A.relies on           B. consists in


C. composes of            D. comprises in


14. To make this ____ clear we shall have to look closely into biology’s long history.


A.distinction          B. indication          C. recognition           D. constitution


15. Most importantly, such an experience helps ____ a heightened sensitivity to other cultures and will bring about a greater appreciation of one’s own culture as well.


A. coach          B. forsake         C. foster          D.censor


16. When Ann broke the dish she tried to put the____back together.


A. fragments          B. pieces          C. bits          D. slices


17. Jane tried to ____ the doorman with money, but she failed.


A. bribe          B. corrupt            C. award             D. endow


18. Classification is a useful ____ to the organization of knowledge in any field.


A. means              B. approach           C. mode           D. manner


19. The human race has already paid a heavy price for its slow ____to environmental threats.


A. response              B. responsibility


C. resolution              D. resistance


20. We have a high regard for Prof. Joseph because he always ____his principles.


A. lives on             B. lives up to


C. lives through             D. lives with


21. My grandfather accidentally ____ fire to the house.


A.put            B. took             C.set            D. got


22. We enjoyed the holiday ____ the expense.


A.except             B. besides


C. in addition to              D. except for


23. If you want children to work hard you must ____ their interests instead of their sense of duty.


A. appeal to            B. look into        C. give rise to           D. go in for


24. Basically a robot is a machine which moves, manipulates, joins or processes ____ in the same way as human hand or arm.


A. characters            B. components


C.catalogues           D. collections


25. Of course, talking about something which affects them personally is ____motivating for students.


A. chiefly          B. correctly            C. Currently            D. eminently
2
2012-04-12 13:36 编辑:wjy2005tom
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