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刚果霍乱疫情蔓延 比去年更为严重

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小编摘要:今年刚果民主共和国的霍乱病病例可能远超过2011年的总数。霍乱是一种由被污染的食物或水源引起的急性肠道感染。联合国官员呼吁在这种疾病已经成为常见病的刚果增加预防措施。

刚果霍乱疫情蔓延 比去年更为严重

The number of cholera cases this year in the Democratic Republic of Congo could far surpass the total for 2011.Cholera is an acute intestinal infection caused by contaminated food or water. U.N. officials are calling for an increase in prevention programs in a country where the disease has become endemic.
U.N. humanitarian spokesman Yvon Edoumou described the cholera situation in the DRC as bleak.
"In 2011, we had about 22,000 cases of cholera throughout the country. So far, for the first three months of 2012 we have just about 8,000 cases. So we're looking at already 40 percent of the total caseload that was reported last year. At the current rate that we're going by the end of 2012 we'll be well above the caseload for last year," he said.
The cholera problem is especially bad in the Eastern DRC. South Kivu is the most affected province with more than 2,200 cases.
"So far the numbers are quite high. Just an example, for the whole of last year in Eastern DRC we had 150 deaths.So far for this year we have 77 deaths. I'm talking about Eastern DRC. So we're already at the 50 percent of the total number of deaths last year," he said.
For all of DRC, 120 cholera deaths have been reported from January to March.
Edoumou is with the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs or OCHA and is based in the capital Kinshasa. He said it's difficult to stay ahead of the outbreak.
"Cholera is linked to water and sanitation and DRC is a country that for many, many years has had a very dysfunctional water and sanitation system in terms of sewage, in terms of draining, in terms of access to clean water. And it is not something that goes away just by snapping your fingers," said Edoumou.
The United Nations, the Congolese government, local and international NGOs have joined forces to provide cholera education and prevention programs as well as treatment centers.
The World Health Organization said the most important treatment is rehydration. It replaces water and salts lost through severe diarrhea and vomiting. Most patients can be rehydrated quickly by drinking large amounts of oral rehydration salts. However, some may need intravenous fluid.
今年刚果民主共和国的霍乱病病例可能远超过2011年的总数。霍乱是一种由被污染的食物或水源引起的急性肠道感染。联合国官员呼吁在这种疾病已经成为常见病的刚果增加预防措施。
联合国人道主义事务发言人尤恩•艾多姆描述刚果的霍乱局势非常黯淡。
“2011年,我们整个国家有大约22000例霍乱。到目前为止,2012年的前三个月我们就约有8000例病症。所以我们现在已经占去年已报道病人总数的40%。按照目前的这种速度,到2012年底我们将高于去年。”他说道。
霍乱的问题在刚果东部尤其严重。南基伍是最严重的省份,有超过2200起病例。
“到目前为止,这些数字相当高的。只是一个例子, 去年整个刚果东部150人死亡。到现在为止,今年死亡人数是77人。我说的只是刚果民主共和国东部。所以我们现在已经占去年死亡总人数的50%。”他说道。
对于整个刚果而言, 报道称在一月至三月已经有120人死于霍乱。
艾多姆与位于首都金沙萨的OCHA,即联合国人道主义事务协调办公室一起。他称在爆发期之前就很难度过。
“霍乱与水和卫生设施联系在一起,而刚果民主共和国是一个已经很多年在污水处理,排放及获得洁净水方面功能不完善,卫生系统不健全的国家。整件事情不是只掰掰手指就能彻底解决的。” 艾多姆说道。
联合国,刚果政府、地方与国际非政府组织联手提供教育霍乱教育和预防以及治疗中心的项目。
世界卫生组织表示最重要的治疗方法是再水化。它取代了通过严重的腹泻和呕吐失去的水和盐。大多数患者通过喝大量的口服补液盐能够再次再水化。然而,有些人可能需要静脉注射液。

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2012-04-06 19:50 编辑:pliny
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