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为何冰箱会发出声音?

所属:听力板块 来源:普特英语听力 阅读:7999 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:今天的科学一刻的主题是冰箱会发出声音的原因。在近期的节目中,在最近的节目中我们讨论了碳氟化合物冷却剂是如何通过在冰箱内置的盘管中达到沸腾状态来冷却食物的。

 Why refrigerators hum?



Why refrigerators hum,on toay's moment of science.On the recent program we have discussed how fluorocarboncoolant cools your food by coming to a boil in coils hidden in your fridge.

How is this possible?

When you boil water on the stove, you supply heat energy by turning on the burner. In your fridge, liquid coolant boils at very chilly temperatures, but it still requires heat energy. The coolant absorbs this heat energy from the air inside the fridge. By the time all the coolant has boiled and evaporated into gas, the fridge has reached Arctic temperatures.

What happens when the temperature starts to rise again? In order to repeat this chilling performance, the gas coolant has to release heat energy and change back to liquid state. To release heat, the coolant is forced into a second set of coils outside the fridge, in back. Sometimes these coils feel pretty warm.

How does the gas coolant that just chilled your fridge make the coils warm?

The secret’s in the refrigerator’s hum. That humming is a pump that compresses and warms the gas while forcing it into the coils. It’s like pumping up a bicycle tire; the tire feels warm because you’ve compressed the air inside.

Through compression, the gas coolant in the coils has become warmer than room temperature and can now release its heat energy to the air. As it releases heat, the gas cools and condenses back to liquid state. When your fridge hums, it’s releasing heat energy and changing fluorocarbon back to liquid state. Then it can cool your food by coming to a boil once more.

为何冰箱会发出声音?

今天的科学一刻的主题是冰箱会发出声音的原因。在近期的节目中,在最近的节目中我们讨论了碳氟化合物冷却剂是如何通过在冰箱内置的盘管中达到沸腾状态来冷却食物的。

这是如何实现的?

当你在炉子上烧水的时候,你会打开燃灶来提供热量。在你的冰箱内部,虽然液态冷却剂是在很低的温度下沸腾,但它仍然会需要热能。冷却剂吸收的热能来自于冰箱内的空气。当冷却剂沸腾并蒸发为气体后,冰箱内的温度就接近北极地区了。

当温度重新上升的时候会发生什么?为了重复前面的降温过程,气态的冷凝剂必须释放热能并转化为液态。而为了释放热能,冷却剂需要被排到冰箱后部裸露在外的螺旋管内。有时候,这些螺旋管摸起来会感觉相当热。

这些刚才还用来降温的气态冷却剂,现在为何却能使管道发热了呢?

秘密就在于冰箱的发出的声音。这种嗡嗡声来自于用来把冷却剂压缩到外部螺旋管并使它发热的一个压缩泵。就像给自行车胎打气一样,轮胎摸起来会有点热,因为你把空气压缩进去了。

通过压缩,螺旋管内气态冷却剂的温度变得比室温更高,这样便可能把热量释放到空气中。在气体释放热量物同时,它会重新变回液体状态。当你的冰箱嗡嗡响时,它是在向外释放热量并把碳氟化合物冷却剂重新转为液态。这样它就可以再一次通过沸腾给你的食物降温了。

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2012-04-01 18:53 编辑:pliny
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