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有一种沸腾能冷却你的食物!

所属:听力板块 来源:普特英语听力 阅读:2470 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:一提到沸腾的事物,你的脑海里可能就会浮现出水壶被放在炉子上的画面。但是,有一种厨具可以使液体沸腾,但不是为了加热食物,而是用于冷却食物。这事儿听起来很不可思议,但家用冰箱就是通过使碳氟化物沸腾来冷藏食

 The Rolling Boil That Cools Your Food




When you think of something boiling, you probably picture a pot on the stove, but there’s another kitchen appliance that brings liquid to a boil, not to heat food, but cool it. It sounds crazy, but household refrigerators keep food cold by bringing liquid fluorocarbon to a boil.

How Does This Work?

Fluorocarbon coolant flows through two sets of coils in your fridge, absorbing heat inside and releasing it outside, into your kitchen. You’ve probably seen one set of coils behind the fridge, in back. That’s where heat’s released. Hidden inside the fridge is the other set of coils, where heat’s absorbed.

It’s inside these hidden coils that liquid coolant comes to a boil. What makes the coolant boil? The secret is in the relationship between pressure and boiling point. When pressure changes, so does the temperature at which a substance comes to a boil.

As the liquid coolant passes through a valve into the hidden coils, the pressure drops. This pressure change makes the coolant’s boiling point drop below the chilly temperature in the fridge. So, some of the coolant boils immediately and evaporates into a gas inside the coil. Evaporation uses up lots of heat energy. As the coolant continues to boil and evaporate, it absorbs heat from the air in the fridge, making it even colder inside. So that’s how boiling fluorocarbon cools your food.

有一种沸腾能冷却你的食物!


一提到沸腾的事物,你的脑海里可能就会浮现出水壶被放在炉子上的画面。但是,有一种厨具可以使液体沸腾,但不是为了加热食物,而是用于冷却食物。这事儿听起来很不可思议,但是家用冰箱就是通过使碳氟化物沸腾来冷藏食物。

这其中的原理是什么呢?

碳氟化物冷却剂流经冰箱的两组盘管,吸收冰箱内部的热量并将其释放到外部。你可能看到在冰箱后侧有一组一组盘管,热量就是在那里被散发。而藏在冰箱内部的另一组盘管则是用来吸收热量的。

就是在这组内置盘管里,液态冷却剂会沸腾。是什么使冷却剂沸腾的呢?答案在于压强和沸点之间的关系。当压强发生改变,物质的沸点也会跟着变化。

随着液体冷却剂经过一个阀门进入内置盘管,压强就会降低。压强的变化使冷却剂的沸点降到比冰箱内部的低温还要低。这样,部分冷却剂立即沸腾,在盘管内汽 化。汽化作用会消耗掉大部分热能。随着冷却剂不停地沸腾汽化,冰箱中空气的热量被吸收,使得冰箱内部温度更低。沸腾的碳氟化物就是这样冷却了食物。

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2012-03-31 20:16 编辑:pliny
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