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英语专业四级语法词汇练习题(6)

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小编摘要:看看讲解,做做题目,巩固下你的语法和词汇知识吧。

有关否定

1)双重否定最常见的形式有:
no(not)...but...没有……不……
no(not)...without...没有……不,除……不
no(not)...unless没有……就不……
not...until直到……才……
例如:There is no one but knows it.没有一个人不知道此事。


2)can not与副词too,enough, sufficiently, over,too much等词连用时,意为“无论怎样也不过分”,“越…越”。例如:
You cannot be too careful.你越仔细越好。
We cannot praise him too much.我们无论怎样赞扬他也不过分。


近义词辨析


break, crack, crush, shatter,break, smash
这组词均含有“打破”或“挤碎”的意思。


break
是这组词中最常用的,指使某件东西破碎。
If you break that vase, you’ll have to pay for it.如果打破了那只花瓶,你就得赔偿。


crack
指打裂某物,但不一定打碎,因而通常不会成为碎片。
You may crack these nuts with a hammer.你可以用锤子把这些坚果敲开。


crush
强调挤压或踩的动作,毁坏程度取决于被压物的组织结构,或变形,或成小块,或可恢复原状。
To make wine, you first crush the grapes.若要造酒,需先将葡萄压碎。


shatter
打破某物,力大到使碎片飞出很远,常指整件东西完全被毁。
The explosion shattered most of the windows in the building.爆炸震碎了那座大楼的大部分窗玻璃。


smash
突出暴力,击打时动作较猛,被击打的东西往往完全报废。
He smashed the window with a brick.他用砖块击碎窗玻璃。

 

全真模拟试题


1. ____ native to North America, corn has now spread all over the world.

A. In spite of     B. That it is     C. It was      D. Although

2. Our civilization cannot be thought of as ____ in a short period of time.

A. to have been created          B. to becreated

C. having been created           D. beingcreated

3. We feel it is high time that the Government ____something to check the inflation.

A. did        B. do        C.should do        D. would do

4. It has been proposed that we ____ our decision until the next meeting.

A.delayed       B.delay         C. can delay         D. are to delay

5. Hurricanes are severe cyclones with winds over seventy-five miles an hour____ originate over tropical ocean waters.

A. which        B. who       C. where         D.how to

6. ____ is announced in the papers, our country has launched a large-scale movement against smuggling and fraudulent activities in foreign currency exchange deals.

A. What           B. As         C. Which        D. That

7. All the flights ____ because of the snowstorm, we had to take the train instead.

A.were canceled          B. had been canceled

C. having canceled          D. havingbeen canceled

8. Once ____, this power station will supply all the neighboring towns and villages with electricity.

A. it being completed          B. it completed

C. completed            D. it completes

9. He might have been killed ____ the timely arrival of the ambulance.

A. but for         B. except for         C. besides          D. except

10. If you have never planted anything, you won’t be able to know the pleasure of watching the thing you have planted ____.

A.grow         B. to grow

C. growing          D. to be growing

11. He did me a ____ turn by lending me ten pounds.

A. good        B. nice         C. fine          D. pretty

12. Once our chickens started laying eggs, we had such a ____of eggs that we were giving many away to our neighbors.

A. output           B. surplus            C. production            D. plenty

13. Following are comments about the behavior that people in Korea usually expect in various social____.

A. occasions         B. cases            C.situations            D. circumstances

14. They have considered their high standard of living a(n) ____for practising their basic beliefs.

A. award        B. reward       C. result         D. consequence

15. Mac’s close ____ to his brother made people mistake them for one another.

A. resemblance          B. identity

C. appearance            D. relationship

16. The thieves ____ the waste paper all over the room while they were searching for the diamond ring.

A. spread         B. scratched        C.scattered        D. burned

17. The sight of the fruit salad made our daughter Kit’s mouth ____.

A. wet        B. water       C. soak         D. taste

18. The ____ problem of bring a space-ship back from the moon has been solved.

A. technical        B. technological        C. technique         D. technology

19. A large part of a person’s memory is ____ words and combination of words.

A.by means of             B. in terms of

C. in connection with            D. byway of

20. At her word she stood up and walked away, stopping at the window to pull back the curtain and ____.

A.look round          B. look out              C. look up              D. look on

21. Their happiness was very ____.

A. crisp            B. brittle            C. delicate           D. fragile

22. I was awfully tired when I got home from work, but a half-hour nap ____ me.

A.revived         B. released           C. relieved            D. recovered

23. We should always keep in mind that ____ decisions often lead to bitter regrets

A.hasty        B. instant          C. prompt          D.rapid

24. Information and opinion gap exercises have to have some content ______ talking about.

A. worthwhile          B. worthily              C. worth           D. worthy

25. “If we fail to act now,”said Tom, “We’ll find ourselves ____ in action later on.”

A.paid back          B. paid for            C.paid up           D.paid off

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2012-03-24 08:51 编辑:wjy2005tom
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