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英语专业四级语法词汇练习题(4)

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定语从句中关系代词

that的用法


1)在既指人又指事物的两个或两个以上的先行词后面。例如:
They are talking about the people and countries thatthey had visited.


2)在限制性定语从句中有形容词最高级的先行词后面。例如:
He is the best student that I have ever met.


3)在以“It is...”,“It was...”等开头的强调句中,和相应的疑问句中。如:
What is it that he wants?


4)在only, all, little的后面
This is all that I know.


5)在no, every, some和any等词后面,也包括在它们的复合词在内。如:
There is no person that is always in the right.
Is there anything that I can do for you


近义词辨析


beautiful, good-looking, handsome, lovely, pretty
这组词均含有“美丽”、“漂亮”、“可爱”的意思。


beautiful
指能不仅给人带来感官上的快乐,而且通过感官产生思想和灵魂的愉悦,在同类词中层次最高。
She was even more beautiful than I had remembered.她比我记忆中的她更漂亮了。


good-looking
不如handsome, pretty意思强烈,指一般的“好看”或“悦目”。
That good-looking young man visited the house once or twice a week.那个长相不错的年轻人一星期光顾一两次。


handsome
通常是一种客观的不带感情色彩的评价。一个人如被形容为handsome,是指此人外貌符合观察者的要求,但不激发更深层的感受。
He looked very handsome in his dark suit.他穿深色西装显得非常英俊。


lovely
比感官的快乐更进一步,是强调纯粹情感上的愉悦,指觉得某人或某物“可爱”。
Mary has two lovely daughters.玛丽有两个可爱的女儿。


pretty
也是“漂亮、可爱”的意思。很少形容大而有影响力的事物,多形容事物不以其优秀、完美而以小巧、优雅、精致见长,使人容易接受并喜爱。
Her boyfriend believes that she is the prettiest girl in the town.她男朋友觉得她是镇上最漂亮的女孩。


全真模拟试题

1. Evidence came up ____ specific sounds are recognized by babies as young as six months old.

A. what         B. that        C. which          D. whose

2. I understand ____ preparation that staff must put in under pressure to meet the deadline.

A. more than the enormous amount of

B. better than most the enormous number of

C. better than most the enormous amount of

D. fewer than the number of

3. I’m sure your suggestion will ____ the problem.

A. contribute to solving

B. be contributed to solve

C. contribute to solve

D. be contributed to solving

4. In 1840, both Lucretian Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton resented ______ proper seating at the World’s Anti-slavery convention in London because of their sex.

A. refusing          B. to be refuse

C. being refused         D. havingrefused

5. America will never again have as a nation the spirit of adventure as it ____before the West was settled.

A. could       B. did         C.would          D. was

6. You should have put the milk into the ice box, I expect it ____undrinkable.

A. became       B.had become

C. has become           D. becomes

7. It’s no good ____ him. He is always indifferent towards others’ matters.

A. to turn to       B. turning to        C. turn to        D. turned to

8. Some companies have introduced flexible working time with less emphasis on pressure ____

A. than more on efficiency

B. and more on efficiency

C. and more efficiency

D. than efficiency

9. She always put her medication on the top of the shelf lest the children ____it by mistake.

A. took     B. should take     C. had taken     D. would take

10. The earnings of women are well below that of men ____educational differences that are diminishing between the two sexes.

A. although       B.though     C. despite of      D. in spite of

11. Many automobile accidents were ____ careless driving.

A. attributed to        B. resulted in

C. contributed to         D. raised from

12. The actress wanted a hat to ____ her dress.

A. go by      B. go through         C. go out          D. go with

13. It takes a lot of____ to put on a school play such as King Lear.

A. organization         B. arrangement

C. management         D. preparation

14. The police carried out a(n)____ search for the mising boy.

A. complete       B. entire       C. thorough     D. whole

15. The ____ crown jewels are kept in the Tower of London.

A. valued     B. valueless      C. invaluable         D. usable

16. Tom has been a vegetarian ____ principle for years.

A. in      B.on      C. for        D. by

17. When I got out of the car and walked about among them, ____one old man who shook his head disapprovingly, they all began to cheer.

A. see that         B. except that

C.provided that         D. except for

18. ____ the water left in the kettle, the doctor put several things he unwrapped from a handkerchief.

A. At         B.To       C. Within          D. Into

19. I am ____ grateful for the many kindnesses you have shown my son.

A. excessively        B. much       C. certainly       D. exceedingly

20. The ____ of AIDS has led to an expansion in research seeking a cure.

A. innovation         B. selection        C. proliferation        D. conviction

21. I am sorry I have no time at present to ____ more detail or give you an account of other cities of interest.

A. bring into        B. take into        C.come into         D. go into

22. When the idea of winning in sports is carried to excess, ____competition can turn into disorder and violence.

A. honestly         B. honest        C. honorable          D. honorary

23. Unless all the members agree to____ to the plan there may be further development in the course of action.

A. tumble        B. stick          C. come         D. adjust

24. You must pay import ____ on certain goods brought into this country.

A. money          B. fees          C. bills         D. duties

25. We expect Mr. White will ____ Class One when Miss Jane retires.

A. take over          B. take up          C. take off          D. take to

1
2012-03-22 06:32 编辑:wjy2005tom
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