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2011年12月7日更新GMAT阅读机经(十九)

所属:其他考试 作者:cwf1986 阅读:2010 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:海词为您收集GMAT机经,充足的准备是考G成功的最重要的一步。

  12.英国文学

  V1: 还有一篇是讲的英国文学受法国大革命时期的影响的文章

  V2:英国文学和法国大革命那篇,我理解的是说英国文学在某个时期写的都是恐怖小说,但是这种小说是和tragedy这种高端文学特征联系在一起的。但是它的批评者觉得是受了法国大革命的影响是有政治目的的???(不确定)我错了,真心是连作者的态度偏向哪一边都没弄清楚,不过做题目的时候是按作者觉得恐怖小说好这个方向来做得。没有涉及很多细节,大家看的时候仔细揣摩揣摩作者态度吧~

  V3:还有一个英国恐怖文学跟法国大革命联系起来,说是象征什么法国革命当时的terror。

  V4:貌似说恐怖文学和法国大革命之类的关系,问“get widsom”(反正有widsom)是什么意思之类的,还是主旨题

  V5:英国文学中的gothic 文学。第一段说了一些背景和人们认为是受法国大革命影响。第二段开头说其实研究学者很清楚那些写恐怖小说的人是想让自己的作品显得比较high class还是fancy什么之类的。 题目暂时不记得了

  相关背景素材:

  The gothic novel combines elements of terror and romance, and the supernatural. English novelist Fanny Burney wrote at the time of the French Revolution that, "There is nothing in old history that I shall any longer think fabulous; the destruction of the most wonderful empires on record has nothing more wonderful, nor of more sounding improbability, than the demolition of this great nation, which rises up against itself for its own ruin-perhaps annihilation." A year later in 1790, English statesman Edmund Burke wrote that the French Revolution was, "the most astonishing that has hitherto happened to the world." The gothic novel was therefore a way for English writers to come to terms with what they considered to be wonderful and astounding events, perceiving what happened to their neighbors in France and with the consequences upon their own society.[2] Creating elements of terror and fantasy gave expression to their anxieties of what was to come, and gave voice to their incredulousness at the events taking place in France. Because of the French Revolution and France's proximity to England, English writers during that period were concerned with the concept of violent and inclusive change in the human condition. The gothic novel contains modes of nightmarish terror, violence, and sexual rapacity. These modes coincided with the mood and modes of violence brought forth during the French Revolution.[3]

  The upper echelon of English society mostly perceived the French Revolution as threatening to the status quo and stability of their accustomed lifestyle, and as a danger to their personal safety and social position within the hierarchy. It has been suggested that the gothic novel with its themes of terror and violence gave English writers a safe expression of their anxieties about disruption and chaos. They also worked to uphold the political normalcy and traditional morals of the time. Examples of this can be seen in Anne Radcliffe's female characters being submissive and incapable of making their own decisions, upholding traditional values of a patriarchal society.[4]

  The Cambridge Companion to Gothic Fiction[1].pdf 请有心的朋友上google搜索这个网址,一本PDF的书。

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2012-03-13 18:03 编辑:cwf1986
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