在线词典,在线翻译

英语专业四级词组辨析(10)

所属:专四专八 阅读:2472 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:来复习下几组常见词的辨析。

在学习英语词汇中,有时同义词的辨析是很不容易的,我们一般从三方面进行区分,即:语法、语义和文体。语法主要是词性、搭配、句式等的区分;语义主要是词义的本义、引申义、比喻义和内涵和外延等的区分;文体主要是正式和非正式、褒义和贬义等的区分。


46.礼品,礼物

present: It shows a friendly and respectful attitude usu. substantialthings.

gift: It shows something which is given voluntarily given withoutexpectation of return or compensation.

 

47.愚蠢

silly: Foolish or childish a silly boy/story/fellow/question/mistake,silly remarks.

foolish: Very silly or unwise a foolish act/child/old man, foolish people.

stupid: Showing lack of good judgment or intelligence and not at allsensible. a stupid idea/mistake/person/act.

 

48.地区,地域

zone: A particular part of something or a particular place.

area: A small or large part not thought of a fixed land division. A playground is an outside area.

region: Usually part of a country usually large may or may not be thoughtof as fixed land division. A desert is a barren region.

district: A fixed land division usually smaller than region.We live in Hongkou District of Shanghai.

 

49.会议集会

meeting:The most general one. any gathering of several ormany people in one place at a certain time. A meeting can be large or small,long or shirt. It is usually planned ahead of time.

(年会) convention: An annual meeting of anorganization or political group.

(讨论会) conference: A meeting at which two ormore people have an formal discussion and exchange views on a subject.

(代表大会) congress: A formal meeting ofrepresentatives of societies or countries to exchange information and opinion.

(集会) assembly: A group of people who havegathered together for a meeting for the purpose of being informed, beingentertained or making group decisions.

(协商会) council: A meeting of a small group ofpeople chosen from a large group to serve as advisers or consultants.

 

50.成就,功绩

achievement: Something which one succeed in doing esp. after a lot of effortusually dangerous or difficult. The first space flight was a great achievement.

accomplishment: The skill that people have required. It is something that took knowledge and, usually, hard work. When you have solved ahard arithmetic problem or learned to figure out, you can be proud of your accomplishment. Among his many accomplishments is the ability to play card tricks.

feat: It requires more courage and strength. It applies to mental acts aswell physical acts. Learning a new skill is a feat.

exploit: An accomplishment that requires even greater daring and heroism than a feat. Old stories tell about the exploits of famous heroes. 
0
2012-03-17 07:56 编辑:wjy2005tom
分享到:
关注海词微博:
发表评论:
表达一些您的想法吧!已有0条评论>>
登录,再发表评论
文明上网,理性发言!
您可能还感兴趣的文章:
>>精华推荐阅读
热门评论文章