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英语专业四级词组辨析(9)

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小编摘要:来复习下几组常见词的辨析。

在学习英语词汇中,有时同义词的辨析是很不容易的,我们一般从三方面进行区分,即:语法、语义和文体。语法主要是词性、搭配、句式等的区分;语义主要是词义的本义、引申义、比喻义和内涵和外延等的区分;文体主要是正式和非正式、褒义和贬义等的区分。


41.消灭

destroy: To damage it so much that it is completely ruined. The enemysoldiers destroyed everything in sight when they captured the village.

damage: To hurt or lower the value of something. The car was damaged in theaccident.

ruin: To destroy gradually, little by little. An object that has beenruined has lost all its value or usefulness, which can't be repaired or fixed. Moths ruined good woolen clothes by eating holes in them.

spoil: To ruin something so it can't be used. Milk will spoil if it is not kept cold.

demolish:To destroy big or substantial things such asbuildings Many buildings had to be demolished before the new highway could bebuilt.

exterminate: To destroy in a big way or in large amount.

wreck: To break it, destroy it, or spoil it completely. It usually refersto vessels or vehicles.

 

42.结果

result: The most general one. What happens because of something else. Itindicates a strict causal link between the two events. The word may oftensuggest an earlier action deliberately taken to gain a particular goal. Itsuggests a unique or unpredictable one-time action.

consequence: (fml) Something that follows from an action or condition. Moreoften the word suggests a negative result or at least the negative concomitant(相伴的) of anotherwise desirable effect. Cancer is a consequence of smoking.

effect:A special or particular result. It gives a moreobjective almost scientific tone and emphasizes a principle that underlies achain of events. Did the medical have a good effect.

 

43.表明代表

mean:The most general one

show:To show that something exists or is true means toprove it. It refers to the agreed- upon ideas or thing that words or signsstand for.

suggest:To cause to come to mind. It by contrast concentrates specifically on covert or implicit qualities or association insigns or language. It stresses tentative alternatives in meaning. He claims tomean one thing, but his choice of words suggests quite another. The sight ofbirds suggested a new idea for flying machine.

indicate: To make a sign for/clear. It stresses a rough approximation ofliteral meaning. A high fever indicates severe illness. His answer indicatedthat I could leave.

imply: To express indirectly. It stresses subtlety or complexity ofassociation. His manner implies that he would like cone with us. Do you realizewhat his words imply?

denote:To be a mark of. It specially refers to what a termstrictly or literally means. The sign x denotes an unknown number. A smileoften denotes pleasure. The sign "=" denotes that two things areequal.

connote: (more formal and technical) It refers to all the possibleassociations that are implied or suggested by a term. Connote is closer inmeaning to imply than suggest.

signify:To be a sign of. It suggests a simple literalmeaning and stresses any aspect of conveyed understandings. Sometimes the wordis used especially to refer to the deepest import of an expression than to moreobvious or superficial aspects He signified his agreement by nodding. A feverusually signifies a disorder of the body.

symbolize: To represent by one or more symbols. It suggests a rich cluster ofabstract concepts that are invested in a word, gesture or object and stresses adeliberate compression of complex idea into a concrete token that stands forthem. The dove symbolizes peace. The sign "+" symbolizes addition inarithmetic.

 

44.帮助

help:The general one. to supply whatever someone needsor do whatever might be useful to him.

assist:To co-operate with sb not taking an important part.He assisted the doctor in the operation.

aid: (not followed infinitive) To help sb who is weak or is in trouble who wanted very much by adding your work to his in order to do something. The Red Cross often aids flood victims.

 

45.获得,得到

get: The most general one.

obtain: (fml)It stresses the seeking out of something.

gain: to get gradually. It indicates greater effort inthe seeking process, forceful seizure. He gained the prize because of his goodwork.

acquire:To get for oneself by one's own work, skill actionpiece by piece little by little. He acquired good knowledge of English by hardwork.

attain:To manage to achieve, to succeed in arriving at. Heattained the position of minister.

procure: It implies maneuvering to process something and suggests involved,contrived or even shady (unjust) dealings. 

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2012-03-16 08:52 编辑:wjy2005tom
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