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英语专业四级词组辨析(8)

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小编摘要:来复习下几组常见词的辨析。

在学习英语词汇中,有时同义词的辨析是很不容易的,我们一般从三方面进行区分,即:语法、语义和文体。语法主要是词性、搭配、句式等的区分;语义主要是词义的本义、引申义、比喻义和内涵和外延等的区分;文体主要是正式和非正式、褒义和贬义等的区分。


36.持久

durable: Long-lasting It refers to the power to resist change, delay andwear. we must make a durable peace.

(ever)-lasting:Continuing for a long time/unending. It refers tosomething that may end sooner or later. a lasting sorrow/ a ever-lastingfriendship.

perpetual: (strongest one) Lasting for ever or a long time. /uninterruptedhappening often. It refers chiefly to an activity that is not susceptible tointerruption. I'm tired of your perpetual complainants/chatters.

permanent: Lasting for ever. The permanent of the treaty is in doubt.

enduring: Lasting and continuing to exist. It implies great resistance toboth time and change.

 

37.旅行

journey:The most general one. It is now usually used oftravel by sand and often suggests the covering of considerable time or distance,and a direct going from a starting point to a destination, with no necessaryimplication of a return.

travel: A passing from place to place, not necessarily in a direct line orwith fixed destination.

trip:(infm) It suggests the covering of shorter time ordistance and a direct journey and implies an final return to the startingpoint.

tour:A journey that returns to the starting point, andmany places are visited generally over a considerable distance often by meansof a circuitous route. for instance for sightseeing, inspection, honey moon,business.

excursion: It emphasizes a temporary departure from a given place andspecifies a return to it. It can point to a sea or land tour or to a shortouting a short journey made for pleasure usu. by several people together.

voyage:A long journey on a ship or in a spacecraft.

 

38.抓,握

grasp:To take hold of something firmly usu using the whole hand. Grasp all and lose all. He grasped her by the hand.

clasp:To hold something firmly and tightly with one'sarms or hand round. The child clasped his doll protectively.

clutch:To grasp something quickly and greedily. It suggests eagerness or an anxiety in seizing or grasping and may implies lesssuccess in holding. The mother clutched her baby in his arms.

seize: To take hold of suddenly with force. The animal seized its prey. Toseize sb by the hand/to seize something from sb.

snatch: To grasp something quickly and suddenly sometimes secretly It suggests more suddenness or quickness but less force than seize. The thief snatched her purse and ran away.

grab:(infml) It implies more roughness and rudeness thansnatch. She grabbed his arms and pulled him out of the room.

grip:To take a very tight hold of something esp. withyour fingers or with a tool. He gripped the nail and pulled it out.

 

39.看凝视

see: To experience with the eyes and it does not depend on what you wantto do.

lookat: To use your eyes on purpose and with attention.

watch: to look for some time at something that may move.

gaze:To look long and steadily, often with theimplication of wonder, admiration.

stare:To gaze intently esp. with wide-open eyes as inamusement, admiration, wonder, deep thought, anger or fear.

glance: To look at something quickly and briefly.

glimpse:To see by chance, just for a moment.

glare: To stare angrily, fiercely. It emphasizes hospitality or fear.

peep: To look quickly and secretly or from a hiding place.

peer: To look sharply and curiously with a narrowing of the eyes often amovement of the head forward.

gape:To look hard in surprise, esp. with the mouth open.

 

40.静

quiet: Without any sound. A quiet person is not noisy or loud. A quietstreet may have little or no traffic on it.

still:Without any movement. An engine is still if it isnot running.

silent: Without any words.

calm:Peaceful. A calm person is relaxed. He doesn't getexcited easily.

peaceful:(something) Gentle and restful and calm. It is verypeaceful in the country. 

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2012-03-15 07:49 编辑:wjy2005tom
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