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英语专业四级词组辨析(7)

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小编摘要:来复习下几组常见词的辨析。

在学习英语词汇中,有时同义词的辨析是很不容易的,我们一般从三方面进行区分,即:语法、语义和文体。语法主要是词性、搭配、句式等的区分;语义主要是词义的本义、引申义、比喻义和内涵和外延等的区分;文体主要是正式和非正式、褒义和贬义等的区分。


31.闪光

shine:The most general one.

(闪耀) glitter: To shine brightly withflashing points of light. All that glitters is not gold.

(发火花) sparkle: To shine in small flashes. Itsuggests uneven, bright flashes reflected from light-catching objects. We cansee a diamond sparkling in the sunlight.

(闪光) flash: To give out a sudden andmonetary bright ray of light/ To shine suddenly for a moment.

(闪耀) glisten: To shine from or as if from awet surface. His hair glistened with oil. The wet road glistened.

(闪烁) gleam: To send out a bright lightmoderately, mildly not violently. A cat's eye gleamed in the dark. The lanterngleamed.

(冒火花) spark: To send out small bits of fire.He was so angry that his eyes sparked furiously.

(闪烁不定) flicker: To burn unsteadily, shinewith an unsteady light. The candle flickered and then went out.

glimmer:To give a very faint, unsteady light. The lightsglimmered in the distance.

(闪烁) twinkle: To shine with a unsteadylight that rapidly changes from fright to faint. The stars are twinkling in thesky in the evening.

glow:To give out heat and/or light without flames orsmoke. The iron bar was heated until it glowed.

(闪烁) glint: To give out small flashes oflight, as the eyes of an eager person are supposed to do /The sun glintedthrough the leaves after the shower.

(眩光) glare: To shine with a strong light ina way unpleasant to the eyes. The lights of the car glared at me.

flame: To burn brightly. You can see the burning log flaming.

(冒火苗) blaze: To burn with a bright flame. Thehouse is blazing.

(闪闪燃烧) flare: To burn with a bright flame,but uncertainly or for a short time. The candles flared in the wind.

dazzle:To make unable to see because of a sudden verystrong light. The headlight dazzles.

coruscate: (fml) to flash, sparkle. The sparks coruscated.

scintillate: The gems scintillate.

 

32.大

big: Large in size, extent or important.

large: Much bigger than average

great: Very large, important, and good. great change / great writer /great idea.

huge: Very fig in size, amount and degree. It stresses volume.(体积) a huge house/ make a hugeprofit.

vast:Very large and wide, great in size or amount. Itstresses area.(面积)twodimensional extensions It is a vast expanse of desert. Vast plains/ vastmajority / at vast expanse.

immense: Very great in size or degree./very large or huge. It stresses threedimensional largesse. It implies immeasurableness. an immense palace/ immenseimportance. The government will build an immense stadium.

enormous: Extremely large./Very large in size, amount or degree. It stressesnot only size but degree. It implies abnormality. He earned enormous sums ofmoney an enormous animal/ enormous appetite/ enormous amount

tremendous: Extraordinarily large in size, amount or degree. / Large or impressiveIt implies astonishment, terror. tremendous speed / tremendous noise/tremendous amount /tremendous feeling.

gigantic: Immense in size, on a very large scale like a giant.

titanic:Very big or important. It refers back to theTitans, a race of giant in Greek mythology. It stresses force and power. We'vemade titanic effort to achieve our purpose.

colossal: Very large indeed. It comes from Colossus of Rhodes a huge statue that is one of the wonders of the ancientworld. It implies incredibility.

 

33.感情

feeling(s):It can refer to mind or body. It's either pleasantor painful.

(感觉) sensation: (u c n) A direct feelingcoming from the senses and conveyed to the nervous system by the organs ofseeing, hearing, touching, tasting or smelling. Sugar gives a sensation ofsweetness.

(激情) emotion: (c n) Any of the strongfeelings of the human spirit Love, joy, anger, hatred and grief are emotions.His speech had an effect on our emotions rather than our reason.

(强烈的激情) passion: Strong emotions, strong, deepoften uncontrollable feeling, esp. of sexual love, hatred or anger. The poetexpressed his burning passion for the woman he loved.

(情操 情趣) sentiment: (u c n) A tender or finefeeling as of pity, love, sadness or imaginative remembrance of the past. It'snot a beautiful watch, but I wear it for sentiment because it is my father's.Admiration, patriotism and loyalty are sentiments.

 

34.工作职业

work:(u n) A very general one.

job: (c n) Any sort of gainful regular employment whether permanent ortemporary. He had a good jog in a bank.

profession:It suggests a position that can't be gained withouta considerable amount of higher education. It implies intellectual work,scholarship and mainly refers to three learned professions-law, medicine andtheology. What do you think of the profession to be a teacher?

occupation:What he is engaged in, either continuously ortemporarily, for any purpose, whether of profit of amusement, learning. Can youfind occupation suitable for his abilities.

employment: (u n) What one is doing, work done in service of another in orderto make a living or get pay./temporary business, The government gives somemoney to the worker out of employment.

vocation: (c n) A job which one does because one thinks one has a specialfitness or ability or sense of duty. It suggests the people do it in order tohelp others not for the earning of a livelihood. teaching and nursing. Teachingchildren ought or be a vocation as well as a way of earning money.

position: (fml) A job, post, usually involving professions managerial orclerical work, not manual. She got a position as a governess. He lost hisposition as steward.

 

35.停止

stop: The most general one.

pause: To stop for a short time. He paused to pick up a stone.

cease:To stop moving or acting. It implies a totalextinction. They ceased (from) quarrelling. To cease fire.

quit: To stop doing something and leave. It implies the meaning of"voluntarily and completely." He quitted his school/job.

halt:To cause to stop. It refers to the abrupt, decisivetermination of movement. It implies the meaning of "by authority orforce." The soldiers halted for a rest.

knockoff: (infml.)To stop

terminate:To come to an end. The two countries terminatedtheir relations. 

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2012-03-14 08:48 编辑:wjy2005tom
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