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英语专业四级词组辨析(6)

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小编摘要:来复习下几组常见词的辨析。

在学习英语词汇中,有时同义词的辨析是很不容易的,我们一般从三方面进行区分,即:语法、语义和文体。语法主要是词性、搭配、句式等的区分;语义主要是词义的本义、引申义、比喻义和内涵和外延等的区分;文体主要是正式和非正式、褒义和贬义等的区分。


26.增加

increase: To make or become larger in amount or number. it refers to quantityor intensity as well as size. The population of this county has increased.

add: To put together with something else so as to increase the numbersize, importance. He added some wood to increase the fire.

(扩大) enlarge: To grown larger or wider. Iwant to enlarge this photograph/house.

(放大) magnify: To make something appearlarger than in reality, esp. by means of a lens. You have magnified the peril.

(扩充) amplify: To make large or fuller, esp.give fuller information, more details etc. to amplify a radio signal/sound.

augment: (fml) To become larger or greater. It emphasizes the action ofaddition. He augmented his income by writing some short stories.

(扩展 扩张) expand: To increase in range scope orvolume as well as in size. Iron expands when it is heated.

(加长) extend: To make longer in space ortime, to extend a railway. Can't you extend your visit for a few days.

 

27.笑

(微笑) smile: The corners of your mouth moveoutwards and slightly upwards. He smiles his consent./with satisfaction.

(大笑) laugh: To make a noise to show one'samusement and happiness. You can laugh at a joke or at an amusing sight. Youcan laugh at someone without being amused. They all laughed loudly.

(露齿而笑) grin: To smile with the teeth. The boygrinned from ear to ear when I gave him a sweet.

(暗笑 含笑) chuckle: To laugh quietly. I couldhear him chuckling to himself as he read that funny article.

(咯咯笑) giggle: To laugh repeatedly foolishlyand uncontrollably, esp. by girls. I heard them giggle when I passed by thegirls.

(窃笑 暗笑) snicker: To laugh in a disrespectfulmore or less secret way. On hearing his absurd opinion, I went snickering.

(假笑 痴笑) simper: To smile in a silly unnaturalway. When I told him the thing, he simply simpered.

(得意的笑) smirk: To smile in a false or toosatisfied way. He smirked at everyone that passed.

(窃笑) titter: To laugh very quietly fromnervousness or badly controlled amusement. The girls tittered when they heardthis.

(狂笑) guffaw: To laugh loudly and rudely. Allthe people guffawed at his silly words.

(哄笑) roar: To laugh long and loudly. Theyroared after they heard the joke.

(欢笑) chortle: To give a laugh of pleasureor satisfaction. He chortled with delight when I told him the news.

(笑骂) taunt: To try to make sb angry, orupset by making unkind remarks, laughing at faults or failures. They tauntedher with her inability to swim.

(嘲笑 嘲弄) ridicule: To laugh unkindly at or tomake unkind fun of. They all ridiculed the idea.

(讥笑) deride: To laugh at or make fun of asof no value. /to mock at someone with contempt They all derided hisfoolishness.

(嘲弄) mock: To laugh at sb(sth) when it iswrong to do so, esp. by copying in a funny or contemptuous way. The studentsmocked the seriousness of his expression.

twit: (infl) To make fun of sb because of behavior, a mistake, a fault,etc. He twitted her with her timidity.

(嘲笑 轻蔑地笑) scoff: To laugh at, to speak or act disrespectfully./To speak in scornful mocking way. It was a great invention but at first manypeople scoffed at it.

(戏弄) chaff: (infl) To make fun of sb in agood-humored way. He chaffed the man about his mistakes in speaking English.

(讥笑) jeer: To laugh rudely at /to insult sbin a loud, unpleasant way. They always jeer at the priests.

gibe(jibe):To laugh at with the intention of hurting the feelingwith sarcastic remarks. Don't gibe at her behavior until you know the reasonfor it.

(讥笑 冷笑) sneer: To express proud dislike by akind of usu, one- side smile or to show scorn or contempt by looks. She sneeredat the furniture in his neighbor's home.

joke:To make fun of. You mustn't joke with him aboutreligion.  

(取笑) jest: To act or speak playful, notseriously. Don't jest about serious things.

(戏弄) banter: To speak, or act playfully orjokingly. We bantered him on the subject of marriage.

(轻视) scorn: To look down upon.

 

28.疯

mad: Showing that one has amanita illness which often causes them tobehave in strange way.

crazy: (infl) Very strange or foolish.

psychotic:The most precise one. used by psychiatrists.

insane: Not sound in mind. Used in scientific articles.

lunatic:(old derog) wildly foolish.

demented:It indicates sb's mentality has degenerated from aprecious level.

maniac:(n) A mad person who is violent and dangerous.

 

29.味道

smell: The most general one. It refers to something pleasant orunpleasant.

odo(u)r:(fml) More used in scientific articles.

fragrance: A sweet or pleasant smell. It refers to flowers and stresses adelicate smell from plants. Those roses have a delightful fragrance.

scent: A smell esp. left by an animals, an pleasant smell. Our dog lostthe fox's scent.

perfume: A sweet or pleasant smell. It refers to either natural smell or aman-made smell and stresses a strong and rich smell compared with fragrance

aroma: A strong usu pleasant smell, often a spicy smell.

flavor:The particular quality of tasting good orpleasantly strong. The bread hasn't much flavor.

savor: The smell of food by the processes of cooking. The meat had cookedtoo long and lost its savor.

stink: A strong unpleasant smell. the stink of sweaty feet.

stench: A very strong unpleasant smell.

 

30.怕

fear:The feeling that one has when danger is near.

(可怕) dread: A great fear esp. of some harmto come. It suggests fear of facing whatever is coming. Usually dread alsomeans loss of courage. Illness is the great dread of his life.

(畏惧) fright: The feeling or experience offear. sudden great fear. I nearly died of fright at the sight of escaped lion.

(恐慌) alarm: Sudden fear and anxiety ascaused by the possibility of danger and excitement caused by fear of danger.The news caused great alarm.

(恐惧) terror: Extreme and intense fear. Thepeople ran from the enemy in terror.

(恐怖 战栗) horror: A feeling of great shock, fearand dislike. I cried out in horror as I saw the man killed.

(惊恐万状) panic: Sudden uncontrollablequickly-spreading fear or terror, which results in unreasonable and franticactivity. When I realized the situation I got into a panic.

(敬畏) awe: A feeling respect mixed with fearand wonder. He always stands in awe of his father. 

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2012-03-13 08:19 编辑:wjy2005tom
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