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英语专业四级词组辨析(5)

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小编摘要:来复习下几组常见词的辨析。

在学习英语词汇中,有时同义词的辨析是很不容易的,我们一般从三方面进行区分,即:语法、语义和文体。语法主要是词性、搭配、句式等的区分;语义主要是词义的本义、引申义、比喻义和内涵和外延等的区分;文体主要是正式和非正式、褒义和贬义等的区分。

21.事情,事件

(事) thing: An event, a fact, a subject. Hetalked of many interesting things.

(事情) matter: Seth that you have to dealwith, something to be discussed, thought over. There are several matters to bedealt with at the meeting.

(事务 责任) business: A special duty, somethingthat has to be done. Public business is every one's business.

(事务) affair: An event or set of connectedevents. (pl) private and personal life. I have many affairs to look after.

(事件) event: An important happening. Eventssuch as birthdays and anniversaries are often celebrated. Do you know the chiefevents of 1986.

incident: Not as important as an event. Incidents seldom are celebrated.Sometimes an event becomes an incident after many years have passed.

(偶然事件) happening: An occurrence, andsometimes an unusual one. There have been strange happenings here lately.

(偶发事件) occurrence: An incident that isusually unexpected and has not been planned ahead of time. Flood is practicallyan annual occurrence in this district.

 

22.承认

admit: To agree to the truth of, usu, something bad. It suggestsreluctance or possible objection. He admitted his crime/stealing.

(自白 供认) confess: To admit guilt as to a crimeor as to a shortcoming, in the sense of making known to others one's own erroror wrong doing. He confessed his fault/doing something wrong.

acknowledge: to agree the truth of, recognize the fact or existence of what havesaid or done, good or bad. It emphasizes openly in a embarrassing or awkwardand usually not voluntary way. I acknowledged mysignature/mistakes/errors/having been defeated.

grant:To admit or to agree something is true. I grantedhis request/his honesty. take sth/sb for granted.

concede: To admit as true, just or proper often unwillingly because ofoverwhelming evidence. I conceded you that point, but I still think you arewrong.

recognize:To accept or acknowledge it. It refers to somethingabout law and diplomacy. The new regime was recognized by China.

 

23.走路

walk:The most general one.

stride: To walk with long steps. He strode through the station a fewminutes before the train left.

(高视阔步) stalk: To walk stiffly, slowly, andproudly with long steps.

trot:To jog, move quickly, usu refers to horses.

(蹒跚而行) waddle: To walk from side to side withshort steps like a duck. The fat man waddled out of the room.

(蹒跚) stagger: To walk unsteadily, slide anddrag the feet almost falling at each step, usually because of illness, injuryor drink. After drinking too much, he staggered in the street.

(摇摆蹒跚) totter: To walk unsteadily showinggreat weakness often used of very young children learning to walk. The childtottered before his parents.

(拖着脚走) shuffle: To move without lifting thefeet clear of the floor as if wearing slippers. The old man shuffled along theroad.

(趾高气扬地走) strut: To walk in a proud strong way,esp. with the chest out and trying to look important.

(慢行) amble: To walk at an easy gentle rate.It stresses a leisurely but regular movement.

(闲逛) stroll: To walk, esp. slowly, forpleasure. It emphasizes a slower movement, more wandering and aimless withsuggestions of many starts and pauses. They are strolling through this park.

saunter: A little more formal than stroll.

(漫步 徘徊) wander: To move about without a fixedcourse, aim, or purpose. He was wandering about/down/through/up and down thestreet.

(漫游) roam: To wander with as very clearaim. It suggests a more serious purpose behind the irregular of circularmovement in complete forgetfulness of time. The lovers roamed around/throughthe fields.

(跋涉) trudge: To walk heavily and wearilywith effort as when one (plod) is tired. The hunter was trudging through thedeep snow.

(重步行走) tramp: To walk with firm heavy steps. Whohas been tramping all over the carpet in muddy shoes.

(扭扭捏捏地走) mince: To walk with little short stepsin an affected manner. It was a funny sight to see her mince along.

slouch:To walk in a loose, ungainly (不雅观) way.

hustle: To walk in a busy, active way.

 

24.跳

jump: The most general one. to throw oneself into the air.

(跳起) leap: (literary) To spring through theair, often landing in a different place. The boy leaped over the brook withoutdifficulty.

(跳跃) spring: To leap suddenly and quickly. Hesprang to his feet at the sudden noise.

(跳着跑) bound: To spring lightly along. Itsuggests high spirits and excitement. His dog bounded to meet me.

(轻快地跑) skip: To move in a slight dancing way,as with quick steps and jumps. The little girl skipped at her mother's side.

hop: To jump on one leg. The boy had hurt his leg and had to hop along.

vault:To leap over something using the hands or a pole.You can vault a fence by putting your hands on it and swinging yourself over.

hurdle:To jump over some thing while running. The horsehurdled the fence and ran into the woods.

 

25.特点特征

quality: The most general one.

 (特点) characteristic:Quality typical of a particular person and thing, aspecial and easily recognized quality of sb/sth. It has many scientific ortechnical uses. It implies neutral description in referring to any aspect ofsomething without evaluating its relative importance to the whole. A usefulcharacteristic of the cat is its ability to catch and kill mice.

(特征) character: The combination ofqualities which make a particular person, thing, place, etc. A tendency not toshow emotions is supposed to be part of the British national character.

(性质) nature: The qualities make someone orsomething different from others. It indicates the widest range of traits,including emotional, mental and physical qualities. It is only human nature tolike money.

(特征) attribute: A quality belonging to orforming part of the mature of a person or thing. The word is positive ratherthan negative. Darkness is an attribute of night.

(特性) peculiarity: The quality of beingpeculiar, strangeness, unusualness. It shows an unpleasant attribute that isquite noticeable. One of his peculiarities is that his two eyes are not thesame size.

(特色) feature: A typical and noticeable partor quality. It suggests something positive and specifically. It refers tophysical appearance. A lake is an important feature in this area.

(品质 特性) trait: A particular quality of sb/sth.It refers to more abstract attributes. Honesty and diligence are the chieftraits of his character.

(个性) personality: The whole nature orcharacter of a particular person. It refers to the whole indefinable emotionalcoloration that a specific person gives off. He has a strong personality.

1
2012-03-12 05:14 编辑:wjy2005tom
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