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英语专业四级词组辨析(2)

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小编摘要:来复习下几组常见词的辨析。

在学习英语词汇中,有时同义词的辨析是很不容易的,我们一般从三方面进行区分,即:语法、语义和文体。语法主要是词性、搭配、句式等的区分;语义主要是词义的本义、引申义、比喻义和内涵和外延等的区分;文体主要是正式和非正式、褒义和贬义等的区分。

6.哭

cry: The most general one.

 (哭泣) weep: To let flow tears.

 (抽泣 抽嗒) sob: To weep or sighwith short quick breaths.

 (哭天抹泪 涕泪交流) snivel: To sniffle andcry in a irritating manner.

 (哭嚎 又哭又闹) blubber: To cry loudlynoisily.

 (发出低声报怨声) whine: To make a low complaining cry.

 (嚎哭) bawl: To utter loud cries (always in bad sense).

 (痛哭) wail: To cry aloud from pain or sorrow.

 (呻吟) moan: To make a low, miserable sound in pain or sorrow.

 (呻吟) grown: To make a low sound of pain, unhappiness or disapproval

 (哀悼) mourn: To feel or show sadness or sorrow for someone who has died.

 (哀悼) lament: To express great sorrow or regret.

 

7.美丽漂亮

good-looking: Having an attractive appearance in a strong, healthy way used formen and women not things.

beautiful: ( a woman or a thing) Suggesting symmetry of features or perfectionof proportion, elegance and mobility.    beautiful flowers, a beautifulgirl/voice/city/face beautiful weather.

handsome: Of attractive appearance applies to men. a handsomefellow/actor/horse/buildings/young man.

pretty: (a girl, or a small thing) Suggesting liveliness and sweetness,pleasing or nice to look at. a pretty little woman/garden, a pretty girl/picture/piece of music,

lovely:(something) So beautiful that it makes you feelgood to look at it or even to think about it. The garden looks lovely.

fair: Beautiful( of woman in poet) light in color esp., skin hair.

gorgeous: (persons or things) (inf) Extremely beautiful or handsome.

 

8.拉拖

pull: The most general one.

draw:It implies a smoother, steadier motion andgenerally a lighter force than pull.

drag: It usually refers to horizontal motion or motion up an incline(slope) and it suggests laborious efforts over rough ground or againstfriction, resistance or gravity. The escaped prisoner was dragged out of hishiding place.

haul: It implies continuous pulling or dragging of heavy or bulkyobjects. The fisherman is hauling a net.

tug:It applies to hard often sudden violent effort topull. He tugged at my sleeve to ask directions.

jerk:To pull suddenly.  He jerked out the knife that was stuck in thewound.

tow:To pull by a rope or chain. We towed the car to thenearest garage.

wrench:To pull hard with a twisting or turning movement.

 

9.旋转 turn: The most general one.

 (自转) spin: To turn quickly around a central point. It emphasizes thecontinuity of the action, and usually the narrow extent of the circular motion.The wheel is spinning on its axis.

 (急转) whirl: To round very fast. It implies the lock of conscious control.

 (转动) rotate: To turn round a fixed point with a circular movement.  The earth rotates once every 24 hours.

 (绕转) revolve: To turn or move in a circle around a central point. It indicatescircular or elliptical (椭圆) movement. The planets revolve around the sun.

 

10.生气气愤

anger: The most general one.

(易怒) be cross: Feeling easy to get angry.

(愤慨) indignation: (fml) Anger. It stressesrighteous anger at what one considers unfair, mean or shameful.

                        We expressed ourindignation at the ruthless exploitation.

(愤怒) wrath: Very treat anger. (literary) Itsuggests a desire on intent to revenge or punish.

(狂怒) rage: Wild, violent anger. It suggestsloss of self- control from violence of emotion. in a rage /to fall into a rage.

(暴怒) fury: Violent, extreme and destructiveanger.  She flew into a fury.

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2012-03-09 09:44 编辑:wjy2005tom
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